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Ih54 industrial patrimony networks 21sept12 , Council of Europe Cultural Commission, Maribor


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Industrial Heritage in the context of the other cultural heritages
Contribute to the Sub-committee on Culture, Diversity and Heritage (AS/Cult/CDH) meeting in Maribor, 21 september 2012. Commission de la culture, de la science, de l'éducation et des médias, Parliamentary Assembly Council of Europe
by Francesco Calzolaio, member of the Europa Nostra’s Industrial and Engineering Heritage Committee (IEHC), president of the association Venti di Cultura, socio fondatore associazione Faro Venezia, Culturnet e Lagunalonga project manager

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Ih54 industrial patrimony networks 21sept12 , Council of Europe Cultural Commission, Maribor

  1. 1. Maribor, 21 september 2012, Parliamentary Assembly Council of Europe Sub-committee on Culture, Diversity and Heritage (AS/Cult/CDH) Industrial Heritage in the context of the other cultural heritages prof. arch. Francesco Calzolaiomember Europa Nostra’s Industrial and Engineering Heritage Committee
  2. 2. The Industrial Heritage (IH) is, globally, the cradle of the identity ofEurope, being the first industrialized world, but is also, locally, themain provider of sense of identity of many territories.The success and potentiality of the industrial heritage enhancementdepends by the interaction withother industrial heritages, and withother cultural resources.In this sense the IH might be thecatalizator for the whole culturalpatrimony in its territory,it might weaves a network with:1. the context of the urban landscape2. the sense of social citizenship3. the territorial cultural networks4. the geographical interregional unities
  3. 3. 1. Industrial Heritage and the urban landscapeWe have to misure the urban impact of the Industrial Heritage,evaluating if its isolated in the outskirts-mountains-shores or, on thecontrary, its absorbed in the urban historic tissue; its depends if theyare gigantic in a little town, or miniature in a metropolis, or nodes in adispersed network; and it depends by the interaction between thecluster of industrial activities/patrimonies generated by the prevalent.
  4. 4. We might analize industrial heritages linked with the peculiarcomplement of the landscape, as the water and the (under)ground forArsenals (productive waterfronts) and Mines; both are also interviewingwith the structure of the urban and territorial historic stratifications.The most ancient proto industrial shipyard is the Arsenale of Venice,that since the 12th century was the driving force of an empire, gowingand being trasformed till today, but now disjointed and misused. Maffioletti, 1797 Martini, 1897
  5. 5. On the Thames river mouth (London) the Chatham Dockyard and itsDefences has been proposed as a future World Heritage Site because isthe world’s most complete example of an historic dockyard from theage of sail and early age of steam (1700 – 1865).A proper rehabilitation strategy is not only wishing to have the Unescolabel, but also keep alive the heritage in its unity for the quotidian use;as like as for the near and magnificent Cutty Sark museum.Chatam Dry Dock 2 was first built in 1623.HMS Victory was built here in 1765. The Cutty Sark new museum in Greenwich
  6. 6. On the Danube mouth (Sulina) was built the first pan-EuropeanCommission, to protect its territorial and commercial identity. Born in1856 the European Commission of the Danube which includedrepresentatives of the United Kingdom, France, Austria, Germany(Prussia), Italy (Sardinia), Russia and Turkey. In Sulina was born andgrew for the first time the concept of a united Europe manifested by aprofound spirit of tolerance and multiethnic coexistence. It was acommercial and industrial center but yoday is negletted and isolated in adry branch of Danube.Sulina Danube mouth, 1801 Sulina, 1820
  7. 7. In Turku (Finland) The Aura River City Park preserves the story of thephases of development of the river starting from the mouth of the riverAura (‘a river of work’), continuing as ‘a river of entertainment, restand recreation’ today. The river hosted the main seat of TurkuEuropean Cultural Capital of 2011. Its a challenging example ofindustrial rehabilitation for new porpouses, respecting the past andenvisioning the future.Forum Marinum “Industrial archology between land and water” exhibition at Manilla Manilla rope factory beginning of 1900
  8. 8. 2. Territorial cultural identityThe Industrial Heritage might valorize the sense of citizenship built inthe past around the labour, as catalizator of social identity. We have toregister and measure the immaterial heritage of the workers now,because some of them are still alive, before that it will become too late.We have to build documentary movies and digital archives, but alsoheritage walks "promenades patrimonial" in the spirit of the FaroConvention, 2005 (Council of Europe Framework Convention on theValue of Cultural Heritage for Society).Heritage walk of Giudecca, Venice 2010
  9. 9. Italy will sign the Convention of Faro next 5 november in Venice,where COE has a new office and where a cultural association (FaroVenice), open the tangible (sites) and intangible (the witnesses)heritages to the perception of citizens with the “heritage walks”,reaching young people and families in an annual event. In this sensewe would like to manage a continuous cultural strategy, with theschools, the municipal administration, and also disseminate walks inother Italian regions, with the creation of a national observatory.Heritage walks in Venice: Giudecca, Giudecca Dreher Brewery, Porto Marghera, Ex MontedisonMolino Stucky now Hotel, 2010 now social housing 2011 now Vega, 2011
  10. 10. The Route of soap in Marsiglia connects three soap factories stillactive, in the 14 and 15 th arrondissements. Tourists and citizens go onfoot or metro, passing through industrial, artistic, quotidian life ofcitizens, history and great scenery. The Route highlights the majorfreshwater axis, identify the creek Aygalades, the disappearance of theunderground gallery of the sea and the intricacies of the channelMarseille and, back to the city, the limit of cropland.Route meanders between porosity and walkways, paths and passagesthat connect people and their neighborhoods. Route is part of thehospitality offered by the cooperative Hôtel du Nord.Forum Marinum
  11. 11. 3. Cultural territorial networksIndustrial Heritage in the territorial scenario plays a strategic rolebecause was often the main territorial transformation, and because hasthe potentiality to be re-functionalized as nodes, and headquarter, forthe territorial cultural network. Industrial heritage became not only anitem, but also a tool, in this sense, for the management plan of theUNESCO-listed territories, whit an holistic conception of the culturalheritage, where will not be privileged acultural approach, to compete locallywith the others. 1 2 4 3 5 resources 1. environmental heritage 2. museum heritage 3. productive heritage 4 4. archaeological heritage 5. immaterial heritage
  12. 12. We have to build a cohesion of all the cultural resources of the territory,to compete in the whole “glocal” scenario, as like is doing the Edennetwork, among the “Europe’s non traditional tourist destinations”.“The Eden project aims to create a platform for exchanging goodpractices at European level and promoting networking between award-winning destinations, thereby persuading other destinations to adoptsustainable tourism development models”. The best quality is also hislimit: Eden, being dedicated only to the “emerging European touristdestinations of excellence, especially the lesser known” can stenghtentheir territorial strategies, but cant help the “better known” to focusthemseves on their territories, and to drive the wider attention to theEden network.Idrija, Goriška Region, Slovenia Montevecchio mines, Guspini, Sardina Bata Canal, Slovako, Czech Rep.
  13. 13. The Museum of Science and Technology of Catalonia, mNACTEC hasdeveloped a “strategy in which 25 museums and cultural centersrevolve around the Catalan industrial heritage together in theTerritorial System of mNACTEC. Give new uses for industrialinterests distributed throughout theCatalan territory is compatible withthe conservation work and newcultural concerns of contemporarysociety. The science museum in Terrassa, in the former textile factory, headquartier of the territorial system
  14. 14. The Ruhr region is the new Ruhr Metropolis, where there are now“High-tech instead of blast furnaces, collieries as new venues forcultural events, party district instead of workers’ pub. The monumentalstructural transformation from an area of steel and coal production to aEuropean metropolis of the 21st century is at full throttle. The 53Ruhr region cities are working together to implement the transformation- and are pleased about active citizens, immigrants and visitors, whowant to be part of the region’s change”.
  15. 15. A necessary evolution of the turistic european strategy, that might befurther promoted by the Council of Europe, is the building of acommune cultural framework for the local territorial differences,such as we have done in the prototype of the Culturnet portal, whereinstitutions are presenting their resources, equally distributed in theirterritories of reference, from the center to the “periphery”. As they areequally distributedamong differenttopics, such as thefive key areas ofreference: environmental,museums, productive, materialand immaterial heritages. Malilla rope factory beginning of 1900
  16. 16. With the directors I edited the guide to museums of material culture,environment and production in the lagoon, from San Dona in Chioggia,from Stra to Mira, from Valle Averto to Pellestrina, from the Arsenal toMurano and Burano. With Venti di Cultra we have done two weeklyevents all along the cultural resources of the lagoon. Now we arebuilding the financial sustainabilityof Lagunalonga to make it becomethe first hotel-boat that visits thecultural and environmental resourcesdistributed all along the lagoon.
  17. 17. 4. Space/time interregional unitiesThe geographical interregional unities are defined as Fernand Braudelindicated for the Mediterranean, “a unity space/time”, according with aconnection route. It might be an internal sea, as the Baltic or theMediterranean, or its sub areas, but also a river. This unity space/timemight be also a cultural route, as recognized and analyzed by theEuropean Institute (EICR). “The cultural routes programme of theCouncil of Europe is an instrument for reading the European valuesthat emerge from the complexity of the cultures and societiesconstituting Europe”
  18. 18. “The forest exploitations, mining and the buildings of transformation of theore into iron have left a deep print in the landscape and in the urban sites ofthe Pyrenees. The Iron Route, with the EICR label, bears witness anddisseminates to a wide range of people the knowledge of this heritage. Thisheritage spans from mines, Charcoal sites and “fargues” (furnaces), tohabitats of the working people, to iron architectural elements as bridges andrailways. This sites are characterized by its diversity, and are linked by thetrans-frontier itinerary, that evidences the relationships of the peoplefrom the two sites of the Pyrenees, even though of the existence of thisnatural barrier. The iron works as others human activity as the livestockhelped people to build links among them.”Fournaces in Farga de Ripoll Bizkaia suspension bridge, Basque
  19. 19. The Phoenician Route inherits the oldest Mediterranean commercial network,grounded on the production of colors and textiles, derivate from the murexshells transformation.“The Phoenician civilisation, at their peak between 1200 and 100 beforeChrist, dominated the trade in this part of the world for more than athousand years. The Phoenicians founded colonies and city-states all aroundthe Mediterranean. Some of these cities are still prosperous nowadays andthere are many sites and archaeological vestiges to testify to the audacity, theentrepreneurship and the commercial and colonisation successes” that theroute, with label IECR, would like to update and enhance.Archeological remains Cartagenous boat III B.C Phoenician roots
  20. 20. The Italian and Mediterranean coastline abounds with places that reveal, as iflooking through a kaleidoscope, the extraordinary integration ofhumankind, territory, production and building technologies. These fragile andprecious industrial landscapes, often derelict and removed from commonawareness, are presented in Cattedrali del Mare. A documentary on afascinating journey along the complex borderline between land and water,aboard of several historical boats, produced by Venti di Cultura with manylocal administrations.A Bragosso sailing in the Arsenale A Bilancella sailing at Masua in Sardina
  21. 21. b thank you