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Man as social being Chapter 7


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Man as social being

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Man as social being Chapter 7

  1. 1. Man as Social Being Chapter 7 Prepared by; Francel VC. Grospe BEED IV-A Prepared to; Mr. Carlos Corpuz Teacher
  2. 2. •There would have been no need for special ethics if man were simply an individual with an individual purpose; but man is also a member of society and as such , he has social aspect which requires ethical considerations
  3. 3. •The social dimensions of man is founded on nature . •Man needs society in order to live life comfortably and safely. •Against natural and other dangers, he needs protection only society. •Alone, he cannot arrive at the height of art, music, literature, history, philosophy and religion , etc. •But the overwhelming proof of mans natural tendency towards social life is his capacity of speech.
  4. 4. •The Social Obligation, however, is a general not an individual command. •The species of mankind has the obligation to socialize or to form social units, but the individual as individual is exempted from this general obligation •Under normal conditions, however, man needs society and not as a mere convention.
  5. 5. In the Social contract claims that when man enters into a society, he contracts his freedom because he has to live with other free beings .
  6. 6. Thomas Hobbes In the Leviathan claims that man’s need for society is physical. •However, because of the lurking dangers that such a social convention can cause, Hobbes proposes that the monster who will exact obedience and inspire fear among citizens be created, somewhat similar to the biblical monster, Leviathan.
  7. 7. •What Aristotle wrote in the politics is still true: that man needs for society, and if he does not, because he is sufficient unto himself, that man is either beast or a god. •Theoreticians, however, have pushed the idea of man as a social being to an extreme, thus, the concept of socialism and communism
  8. 8. Socialism •a system of society or group living in which there is no private property : a system or condition of society in which the means of production are owned and controlled by the state. •Socialism’s mortal enemy is Capitalism
  9. 9. Capitalism •Capitalism has led to abuse because capitalist could pocket the profit to the disadvantage of the workers who, after all , were instrumental in producing the goods sold in the market . •As an offshoot of this abuse concept of socialism
  10. 10. Capitalism
  11. 11. It must be stressed at the outset that Socialism is a beautiful theory ; •It is humane •Pro-poor •Worker-oriented •And very Christian in its perspective •Socialist have peddled the idea of all forms of production so that the profit accruing from could go to every citizen and not to the private capitalist.
  12. 12. Communism •Is a doctrine, philosophy before it is a way of life. • way of organizing a society in which the government owns the things that are used to make and transport products (such as land, oil, factories, ships, etc.) and there is no privately owned property. •It is more than mere ownership of goods .
  13. 13. •Communism is complicated doctrine which includes a complex of oatheism, oevolutionism, ohistorical materialism. •It has a methodology all it’s own according to which the future ideal state can be attained through; o revolution o dictatorship osuppression of freedom, etc.
  14. 14. Fundamental Importance but not known to many is the capital difference between • Communist means • Communist ends
  15. 15. Communist ends •Are situated in distant, very hazy and no less mythical future. •At that time, they claim, men will have become so well educated they will no longer strive for their individual welfare •There would be no more state, no police, no coercion, no need for an international organization to make people live in peace.
  16. 16. Communist means •The final result or goal is a classless society where there is no poor class. • where there is no entanglement between capitalist and workers for they would now be co-equal. •Where there is no need for the police because no one would steal or grab •Every having what he needs •All citizens would own the wealth of the country
  17. 17. * *The father provides, *Mother supervise *Children prepare themselves for life. *There is one authority and there are subjects of that authority.