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Blended learning in Primary School

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Blended learning in Primary School

  1. 1. Blended learning in primary school a case of a learning process between the physical classroom and online environments by Francesca Ravanelli, PhD University Bolzano
  2. 2. something about me... I live in Mezzocorona, a village in North-Italy, amongst mountains and vinyeards.
  3. 3. I have been a teacher in primary school for several years. I will introduce you to my class, 20 children from different countries of the world (1 from Sri-Lanka, 1 from Brazil, 2 from Romania, 1 from Togo). I have been a teacher in this class for 5 years.
  4. 4. I have always updated my teaching(knowledge and practices) in the last years to make them more suitable to the needs of new students and new society. 2006-I attended higher education courses on teaching and learning with the help of technology; 2010-I graduated in “Theories and methodologies of e-learning and Media-education”, at the University of Padua; 2012-I have started a PhD at the University of Bolzano;
  5. 5. An experience of integrated learning environment: classroom + Moodle Platform in order to enrich learning process (increasing times/spaces/involvement/motivation/collaboration...)
  6. 6. Where? In a primary class When e How long? From 2007 to 2012. It has been a five years long project Who? My students and their parents, any other colleague and obviously myself Why? I wanted to take advantage of the opportunities that digital tools give in order to enrich learning processes and to break down the boundaries between school and home, expanding times and spaces of learning, taking the school at home and in the family.
  7. 7. The questions... How can we enhance and extend learning in order to bring the school into the life of students? How can we adapt Multimedia to enhance human learning? How can technologies help build learning communities?
  8. 8. The theoretical premisis of this work Our Students : Digital Natives Collaborative construction of knowledge The significance of metacognition The multiple intelligences Learning enviroments and learning communities Multimedia learning Emotional Intelligence
  9. 9. IV ES LN AT DIG ITA Marc Prensky calls young people “digital natives”, as they have developed specific and different ways of learning and communicating. Derrick de Kerkhove calls young people “Google generation”, since they can multitask and use multimedia as an electronic pen.
  10. 10. COLLAB ORATIV E CONSTRUCT ION OF KNOWLEDGE According to Vygotskij, learning is an act distributed amongst people, tools and rules in context. It is also an act mediated by the collaborative ways and by the interactions with the community. (social origins of higher mental processes, cultural mediation, zone of proximal development)
  11. 11. MULTIP LE INTELLIGENCES In the 90s, H. Gardner developed his theory of the 7 forms of human intelligence. Knowledge can be acquired through multiple ways and channels (language, logical-mathematical analysis, spatial representation, musical thinking, body use...)
  12. 12. RN I NG “Multimedia learning” refers specifically I AL EA to dual code, or dual channel learning IM ED (Mayer). M U LT Cognitive psycology explains the multimedia learning as a process of acquisition and integration of stimuli that are acquired through two different sensory channels: the visual channel for pictures and words, and the auditory canal for narratives and non verbal language sounds (Paivio) Mayer’s studies show that it is necessary to follow some principles in the design of multimedia objects to avoid producing cognitive overload in students (7 principles) Learner-centered approach design
  13. 13. LEA RN ING COMMUN ITY Learning community is a group of people who share an interest, a problem or a passion for a topic... (Etienne Wenger) Community of practices give a solution to the conflicts, support common memory, help newcomers, create a welcoming atmosphere (Varisco B.M.).
  14. 14. LEARNING ENVIROME NTS Learning environment is “a place where people can learn to work together and support each others as they use a variety of tools and information resources in their efforts to achieve the learning objectives and to solve problems“ (Wilson)
  15. 15. EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE D. Goleman defines this kind of intelligence as “the ability to recognize our feelings and those of others from motivating ourselves and to manage our emotions positively, both internally and socially”.
  16. 16. T H E SI G N IFICA NCE OF M ETACOG N IT ION Metacognition is an awarness that the student has about learning and about certain strategies available to solve problems.
  17. 17. THE NEW CITIZENSHIP SKILLS defined by the European Union Communication in the mother tongue Communication in foreign languages Mathematical competences and basic competences in science and technology Digital competence Learning to learn Social and civic competence Sense of iniziative and entrepreneurship Cultural awarness and expression
  18. 18. Digital competence Digital competence is a complex skill in which these four dimensions overlap Tecnology Meta-cognitive to use tools for finding info to select and evaluate sources DIGITAL COMPETENCE Ethics Social-partecipatory to follow rules and to relate constructivly,negotiate, respect people collaborate...
  19. 19. ...in order to integrate TECHNOLOGY IN THE LEARNING PROCESS Jonassen says “We think technology as a cognitive tool” This tool can help interconnect people and knowledge, individuals with the groups, the specific discipline with the complexity of thought This tool can also help students to achieve a “well built mind”, advocated by Edgar Morin
  20. 20. ON LINE CLASS - every child has an Internet connection, - every family accepts this experience, - every student receives username and password to connect to the platform, - Children and parents were taught some simple steps in order to work with Moodle
  21. 21. We (teachers, children and parents) called the on-line space”Community in progress” because “this space will serve to build our community...brick by brick...yours with mine...” This is the macro-goal of our work
  22. 22. sub-goals to learn to use technology in a safe environment to expand times and spaces of learning to create an archive of documents about activities in the classroom (photos, films...) to give voice to all children and their parents (forums, questionnaires, surveys...) to mediate the relationship between the students and Internet (in order to develop critical thinking) to increase the relationship between pupils and teachers (chat, messaging, forums) to increase the time of cooperative learning (wiki) to integrate the educational resources with multimedia and interactive sources to allow the sick students to attend lessons too (blended learning)
  23. 23. AN ON-LINE CLASS HAS ALLOWED...
  24. 24. ...to extend the time and the space of COMMUNICATION (with classmates and teachers)
  25. 25. ...to extend the time and the space for... COLLABORATION and MAKING things TOGETHER
  26. 26. ...to extend the time and the space to... GET TO KNOW and HELP NEWCOMERS ...
  27. 27. ...to allow the sick students to attend lessons too (distance learning) ...
  28. 28. ...to integrate traditional resources with MULTIMEDIA and INTERACTIVE TOOLS and SOURCES (multiple intelligences)
  29. 29. ...to share multimedia contents produced by children (producers not only consumers)
  30. 30. ...to learn by doing in the real context and by thinking through authentic tasks
  31. 31. ...and by playing and enjoing oneself too! and more...
  32. 32. and more... ...to involve actively parents in the learning path (fathers as well) ...to go to school with less anxiety and fear, always finding a teacher who listens to you ...to become aware users of Internet ...to support cultural development of the family, that becomes an input for research, exploration, both in the network and in the real context ...to personalize learning path for children with special needs ...to use technology in proactive and creative way
  33. 33. ...in conclusion... to become a learning Community
  34. 34. work in progress: FEEDBACK 1 most interesting activity to watch multimedia resources reviewing and rethinking to share with classmates experiences done about classroom with parents activities
  35. 35. FEEDBACK 2 : most usefull to deepen learning activities to have the opportunity to to share the learning keep in touch with activities with classmates and teachers on parents or friends holidays too
  36. 36. What should the theacher do? ...some suggestions of mine... to pay attention to the design of the v.e. (simple and welcoming atmosphere) to arrange the resources and activities clearly to be really present in v.e.(responding, supporting, providing scaffolding, monitoring, helping...) to pay attention to the communicative aspects (emoticons or graphic features) to document all of the physical classroom’s experiences (photo, video...) and share them in v.e.
  37. 37. Some critical aspects... teachers need some (simple) digital skills teacher should extend their teaching time beyond the school time teachers should change their teaching method, from the transmission of content to the organization of research and relationships for the construction of knowledge Internet connection is required Confidence and cooperation of parents are required
  38. 38. “We think of the changes as small steps toward the big change that will happen. ...and I think taht the best way to do this is to create the situations in which children follow their passions with the heart, bring forward projects that are really interested, discoveries are made by taking the information they need from the Internet, working together, doing important things... The teacher advises them, guides them. And then, the teacher must get used to the idea of respecting students as individuals who learn to recognize that they produce... Technology makes possible the realization of the dreams of the old pedagogues... Seymor Papert
  39. 39. T E NT ION . . . R YO U R AT T HA NK FO Questions? francescaravanelli@yahoo.it Comments... http://francescaframes.blogspot.com Sharing http://www.slideshare.net/ francescashare http://www.slideshare.net/ francescaframes Conference Diverse2012, 4 luglio 2012, Leuven Be

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