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DOES LEARNING ABOUT THE BRAIN HELP BETTER MANAGE UNCERTAINTY?

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DOES LEARNING ABOUT THE BRAIN HELP BETTER MANAGE UNCERTAINTY?

  1. 1. DOES LEARNING ABOUT THE BRAIN HELP BETTER MANAGE UNCERTAINTY?  François Bogacz - CEO
  2. 2. Who I am Race WEIRD Companies Country Family & Generation Education © 2013 – François Bogacz- All rights reserved 2
  3. 3. Activity Je n’en cyriaos pas mes yuex mias je pvuiaos cmoperdnre ce que je laisis. En uintslitat les icenyalbros cpitaéacsTypede mon cavreeu, peu iromtpe si les tagline here lretets d’un mot snot dnas le bon odrre, ce qui cpotme est que la permèrie et la dèrienre lretet sinoet à la bnone pcale. © 2013 – François Bogacz- All rights reserved 3
  4. 4. Activity I cnduolt bvleiee taht I culod aulaclty uesdtannrd waht I was rdnaieg. Unisg the icndeblire pweor of the hmuan mnid, aocdcrnig to rseecrah, it dsenot mttaer hereType tagline in waht oderr the lterets in a wrod are, the olny irpoamtnt tihng is taht the frsit and lsat ltteer be in the rhgit pclae. Source: D. Radecki © 2013 – François Bogacz- All rights reserved 4
  5. 5. The comfort zone Panic Zone (anxiety)Internal Tension Stretch Zone (optimal discomfort) Comfort Zone Source: Tal Ben-Shahar, 2009, based on Bednar & Peterson, 1995 © 2013 – François Bogacz- All rights reserved 5
  6. 6. Why we need mental patterns : the principleof glucose efficiency The more energy-efficient you are, the stronger the chance of survival in a world where Brain resources (food and nutrients) are scarce Human beings were able to develop a high-quality diet  more energy available for the brain compared to chimps We rely by default on “non- effortful” processes, which Heart require and consume relatively low amounts of Liver glucose compared to “effortful” ones Source: Raichle, M.E., 2010 © 2013 – François Bogacz- All rights reserved 6
  7. 7. New situations are like a piece of cheese to us Triangle =½xrxhSquare=hxh Rectangle =rxh “We don’t see things are they are, we see things as we are” Anais Nin © 2013 – François Bogacz- All rights reserved 7
  8. 8. NEURO-PRINCIPLE # 1 :WE USE PATTERN-BASEDTHINKING AS OURDEFAULT MODE TOMINIMIZE OUR BRAINRESOURCESCONSUMPTION
  9. 9. NEURO-PRINCIPLE # 2 :MEMORIES SERVE AS ANIMPERFECT BASIS FORPREDICTION
  10. 10. A brain-based framework to better manage uncertainty High Just right Novelty Yes HighS Enough Glucose Outcome Data? level Valence +TRES GOODS © 2013 – François Bogacz- All rights reserved 10
  11. 11. A brain-based framework to better manage uncertainty High Just right Novelty Yes HighS Enough Glucose Outcome Data? level Valence +TR Low No -ES GOODS © 2013 – François Bogacz- All rights reserved 11
  12. 12. The impact of stress on our cognitivecapacities depends on DA and NE levels © 2013 – François Bogacz- All rights reserved 12
  13. 13. Our brain in the “just right” stress conditionType tagline here Source: Arnsten, 06/09 © 2013 – François Bogacz- All rights reserved 13
  14. 14. Our brain under too much stressType tagline here Source: Arnsten, 06/09 © 2013 – François Bogacz- All rights reserved 14
  15. 15. NEURO-PRINCIPLE # 3 :OUR BRAIN NEEDS A“JUST RIGHT” LEVEL OFSTRESS TO FUNCTION ATITS PEAK EFFICIENCY
  16. 16. A brain-based framework to better manage uncertainty High Just right Novelty Yes HighS Enough Glucose Outcome Data? level Valence +TR Low No -E DA & Just rightS GOOD NES © 2013 – François Bogacz- All rights reserved 16
  17. 17. A brain-based framework to better manage uncertainty High Just right Novelty Yes HighS Enough Glucose Outcome Data ? level Valence +TR Low No -E Just rightS DA & GOOD NES Mindfulness Too low © 2013 – François Bogacz- All rights reserved 17
  18. 18. What is mindfulness? “The ability to experience the present moment in its entirety, mindfulness involves paying attention to internal and external phenomena as they unfold, moment by moment” – Kabat- Zinn, 1994 © 2013 – François Bogacz- All rights reserved 18
  19. 19. Mindfulness 5 facets  Observe what’s going on inside and outside of you, be curious and open  Describe: label your inner experience  Act with awareness: don’t be on autopilot  Non-judge: whatever happens inside of you, don’t blame yourself  Non-react: let it go and accept your inner experience “The anxious, stressed or depressed state of mind is the distracted state” – C. Hassed © Neuroawareness Consulting Services – 2011 - 20123 - All rights reserved 19
  20. 20. Mindfulness and professional practice Mindfulness-based self-monitoring is essential to avoid biases of automatic pilot e.g.  Confirmation bias  Anchoring bias  Etc. Benefits  Early recognition of cognitive biases  Avoidance of technical errors  Awareness of emotional reactions  Facilitation of self-correction  Development of better relationships Source: Epstein, R., 2008. © 2013 – François Bogacz- All rights reserved 20
  21. 21. Classic stress-performance curve Performance Peak performance Poor performance / burnout Stress Inertia Source: Craig Hassed © 2013 – François Bogacz- All rights reserved 21
  22. 22. The alternate stress-performance curve Performance“The zone”= Restful Peak performancealertness Poor performance / burnout Stress Inertia Source: Craig Hassed © 2013 – François Bogacz- All rights reserved 22
  23. 23. NEURO-PRINCIPLE # 4 :MINDFULNESSSUPPORTS SELF-REGULATION
  24. 24. A brain-based framework to better manage uncertainty High Just right Novelty Yes HighS Enough Glucose Outcome Data ? level Valence +TR Low No -E Just rightS DA & GOOD NES Mindfulness Too low High Low BAD © 2013 – François Bogacz- All rights reserved 24
  25. 25. A brain-based framework to better manage uncertainty High Just right Novelty Yes HighS Enough Glucose Outcome Data ? level Valence +TR Low No -E Just rightS DA & GOOD NES Mindfulness Too low High Low BAD © 2013 – François Bogacz- All rights reserved 25
  26. 26. Developing your mindfulness: some ideas Find the right exercises for you Short exercises are better for beginners  http://astore.amazon.com/neu roawarenes- 20/detail/1591794293  Mindful eating © 2013 – François Bogacz- All rights reserved 26
  27. 27. 10 neuro-principles summary: emotional +social + cognitive1. We use pattern-based thinking as our default mode to minimize our brain resources consumption2. Memories serve as an imperfect basis for prediction3. Our brain needs a “just right” level of stress to function at its peak efficiency4. Mindfulness supports self-regulation5. …6. …7. …8. …9. …10. … © 2013 – François Bogacz- All rights reserved 27
  28. 28. Our conclusion Learning about the brain can help executives be more alert to universal, individual and cultural drivers and to  Think more efficiently  Feel more mindfully  Behave more positively and more contextually © 2013 – François Bogacz- All rights reserved 28
  29. 29. List of additional themes we could cover Better manage your goals, emotions and stress and avoid burn-out Make better decisions Better motivate and grow your team by giving feedback in a "brain-friendly" way Better collaborate with others and better prevent and manage conflict Negotiate with your whole brain to achieve better deals Maximize learning Better manage sustainable change and innovation Better manage gender, age and/or cultural differences © 2013 – François Bogacz- All rights reserved 29
  30. 30. Questions, comments & discussion © 2013 – François Bogacz- All rights reserved 30
  31. 31. THANK YOU ! Please subscribe to our newsletter “Brainflash” if you are interested in learning more about the brain: http://www.neuroawareness.com/publi cations/subscribe-to-our-newsletter If you have any follow-up question  fb@neuroawareness.com

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