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W4W Collective in Tamilnadu



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W4W Collective in Tamilnadu

  1. 1. TAMILNADU DIFFERENTLY ABLED FEDERATION CHARITABLE TRUST • NF PARTNER ORGANISATION – Women & Girls with Disabilities • Started in 2000 by disabled persons for the WELFARE and RIGHTS of Persons with Disability (PwDs) • Working in association with AA since 2008 through Big Lottery Fund and NF support (2012)
  2. 2. Contacts • Mr Chidambaranathan – President & Project Director – Himself is a Differently abled person – Social Worker – Member of State Coordination Committee for implementation of PwD Act 1995 – Advisor for few Govt and Non-Govt Orgns. – Convener of Intl Orgns (DPI, DRG) for Tamilnadu. • Ms.Sangeetha – Project Coordinator
  3. 3. Project Title • Building a sustainable representation and inclusive movement for protection and realization of rights of Women & Girls with Disability – State Forum for Rights of All Women with Disabilities (SFRAWD) (NF support)
  4. 4. • Vision: Girls and WwDs are also a part of the society and should enjoy equal rights and opportunities like other members of the community. • Mission: Empowerment and mainstreaming of disabled girls/women through building their capacity to be self dependent and live a meaningful & quality life with self pride and dignity.
  5. 5. Geographical coverage • Tamilnadu State … • 3 Districts…Kancheepuram, Villupuram & Thiruvallur • 8 Blocks- Poonamallee, Tiruvallur, Kannagi Nagar, Semmenchery (Displaced areas), Thiruporur, Villupuram, Dindivanam & Kallakuruchi • Villupuram district falls under the government of India’s Backward Region Grant Fund (BRGF) list
  6. 6. Overview • Social Group: Women and Girls with disabilities - in Coastal areas- Fisher community, SCs/STs and other groups both in urban & rural areas. • Catering to: 1,20,000 PWDs with their multifarious needs • Affiliated with: Formed 29 District Welfare Associations, state level network with other agencies • Themes: Health, Education, Livelihood, Social and Empowerment, Advocacy
  7. 7. Other Areas • Apart from working with Women and Girls (NF), TNDFCT also work for: – CwDs (Children with Disability) – PwDs (Men and boys)
  8. 8. Strategic Priorities • SP-3: Women and girls’ rights are asserted as human rights • SP-5: A just, secular, violence free and peaceful society and state
  9. 9. Background - Statistics • PwDs are the world’s largest ‘Minority’ population – 74% are women (under/developing countries) • Women constitute 62% of total population of PwDs in India (2011 Census) • Only 20% rehabilitation services are received by women • Less than 5% of PwD children and young persons have access to ‘Education’ – lack of Special schools/ mechanisms in mainstream schools, ignorance & negligence of parents/ teachers/ authorities, lack of accessibility, poverty etc. • PwDs adult global literacy rate is lower than 3% - only 1% in case of WwDs • World’s displaced people - 3.5 million are disabled
  10. 10. Conditions of Girls/Women with Disabilities • Women with disabilities (WwDs) are multiple disadvantaged because: – of their ‘Disabilities’ – their status as ‘woman’ & ‘Social Stigma’ – majority of them are living in ‘poverty’ • Girls & WwDs are 3 times more likely to be victims of sexual abuse and rape (more in case of Mentally challenged, speech & hearing impairment), vulnerable to violence (WwDs need to bear the violence even more silently than women in general) • Studies estimated PwDs especially women are twice the risk of contracting HIV/AIDS and prone to psycho- social problems
  11. 11. …2 • Removal of Uterus to avoid getting pregnant when get raped. • WwDs are deprived of: – Political – Social – Economic and – Health opportunities • WwDs have largely been neglected even in the: – Research – State Policies or Legislations (XI Five Year Plan) – Violance against Women related Laws – Movements like Disability and Women and – Rehabilitation Programmes etc • WwDs are continued to be left out of decision-making processes, access to Police and Judiciary etc.
  12. 12. …3 • In India WwDs are facing more Discrimination (in family & society), restricted to home-based activities, denial of public and outward- looking avenues, worst than MEN with Disabilities and WOMEN without Disabilities. • They found to be powerless, isolated, anonymous (Ex: family functions, social gatherings etc.) • They are not treated like a human-being when come to the issues of their education, working status, marriage, bearing children etc.
  13. 13. Current Situation of WwDs • Though women were organized in large numbers, but in reality not even 1% of the disabled women got opportunity to take part, to take actions and to make changes in the larger social framework. They are often denied opportunity to interact with others and gain skills to prove their abilities due to the discriminatory attitudes. Isolation and confinement based on culture and traditions, attitudes and prejudices often affect disabled women more than men. This isolation of disabled women leads to low self-esteem and negative feelings. Therefore, the needs of the girls with disabilities may be more special than the needs of any other groups and have to be addressed in all spheres of education.
  14. 14. Key Issues - TNDFCT • Create awareness to stop Violence & Abuse • Eliminate Forced Sterilisation • Restore Reproductive Rights and Sexuality • Ensure rights of Motherhood & Parenting • Address Health Issues • Provide Education, Employment & Income Support • Ensure rights of Housing & Accommodation • Access to Information and Technologies • Fight for Inclusion
  15. 15. Activities - TNDFCT • Capacity Building • Training & Education • Women Empowerment Programmes • Awareness Programmes • Employment Awareness & Guidance • Trainings on livelihood • Campaigns on advocacy & Policy influencing • Marketing assistance provided for the products made by them • Formation of Self Help Groups • Dissemination of Information • Organising State Level Sports Meet • Providing Legal Aid Centres • Inclusive Education • Medical Assistance • Aids & Appliances • Awareness Magazines • Library facilities • Creating platform for Mass marriage
  16. 16. Support - Entitlements • Children admission into schools • Enrolment of dropout children • Support to access higher education and edn loan facilities • Livelihood support to women • Jobs, trainings-computer, tailoring, mat-making etc • Individual and SHG Loan access for self employment • MNREGA job cards and make sure PwDs get jobs • Aids & Appliances – Wheel chairs, Tri cycles, Calipers, artificial Limbs, Hearing aids etc. • Social security schemes – Disability certificates, widow and old age pensions, marriage assistance, maintenance allowance for intellectual impaired etc • Advocacy activities: Protest, Hunger strikes, Human chain, Press releases for denial of PwDs rights, to implement subsidised travel scheme, add railway coach for PwDs, against attitude of authorities etc.
  17. 17. Challenges/ Barriers • Lack of orientation about nature of disabilities • Lack of special support • Lack of information • Lack of right attitude and self-respect with criticism • Lack of assistive devices such as appropriate wheelchairs, ramps, software, toilets, rest places • Lack of insensitive socio-political and economic policies with implementation and monitoring • Lack of social consciousness in the society and among disabled people
  18. 18. Major Achievements • Massive rally on August 19, 2008 with participation of 3000 PwDs demanded implementation of 11 Government schemes for PwDs and 9 demands got approval by CM on the same day. • Hunger strike with a gathering of 1500 PwDs in Chennai on July 1, 2009 advocating for implementation of Government Orders that passed based on demands of August 19th, 2008 Rally.
  19. 19. Outcome • Revolving Fund: 1700 PwDs (446 men and 1,273 women) increased their financial security • 1512 (851 women and 661 men) community human rights defenders (HRDs) received leadership skills. • Fisher women in Kancheepuram fight against sale of liquor and succeed to stop this practice in their village. • Child Rights Defenders in Nagapattinam mobilised 20 government supporting child care centres (ICDS). • Irula Tribals ensured access to 2,000 Community Certificates. • Overall 8,310 PwDs secured Disability Certificates. • 240 HRDs candidated in local body elections that took place in Tamil Nadu in October 2011 and 104 have been successfully elected. • 1,400 disadvantaged girls and boys enrolled into school. • 4,016 disadvantaged girls and boys benefit Residential Bridge Course (RBC), Non-RBC and Child Development Centres (CDCs).
  20. 20. Achievements in 2013 • 98 PwDs found their life partners during mass Swayamvaram • During job fare 16 women and 9 men got jobs (Rs.6000 – 15000 salary) • 126 children took part in the sports day • In the Public hearing meet 35 cases produced to Jury – 5 cases got justice