Décroissance 2012

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Présentation fait dans le cadre du colloque internationale sur la décroissance en Amérique.

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Décroissance 2012

  1. 1. Des technologies libres vers des communautés autonomes (Technologies for autonomous communities)Julien Lamarche, studentFrancis Poisson, student
  2. 2. High-efficiency solar pannels • World-record of efficiency : 40,7% • Multijunction cells – InGaP – InGaAs – Ge
  3. 3. High-efficiency solar pannels • High-tech automatized fabrication • Return On Investment of less than 2 years!!
  4. 4. High-efficiency solar pannels With this technology, the energy problem is solved!
  5. 5. High-efficiency solar pannels With this technology, the energy problem is solved!
  6. 6. High-efficiency solar pannels • Not more high- technologies • Better distribution of simple and sustainable technologies
  7. 7. Presentation plan 1) Industrialisation incompatible with sustainability 2) Production by the masses 3) A better sharing of knowledge
  8. 8. Industrialisation and sustainability Ecological fooprint h tial gro onen wt p Ex Time
  9. 9. Industrialisation and sustainability Ecological D eg fooprint ro h tial w th gro onen wt p Ex Time
  10. 10. Industrialisation and sustainability Ecological D eg fooprint ro h tial w th gro onen Sustainable wt equilibrium p Ex Time
  11. 11. Industrialisation and sustainability Ecological D eg fooprint ro h tial w th gro onen Sustainable wt equilibrium p Ex Time
  12. 12. Industrialisation and sustainability
  13. 13. Industrialisation and sustainabilityBig industry is addicted togrowth
  14. 14. Industrialisation and sustainabilityBig industry is addicted togrowth
  15. 15. Industrialisation and sustainabilityBig industry is addicted togrowth
  16. 16. Industrialisation and sustainabilityBig industry is addicted togrowth
  17. 17. Industrialisation and sustainability M. Lacroix, Lénergie au quotidien
  18. 18. Industrialisation and sustainability Not mass production, but production by the masses
  19. 19. Production by the massesDo it yourself Urban Agriculture Software Hardware (Tangible material)
  20. 20. Production by the massesDo it yourself● A well-installed community in USAand in the world throughmagazines, blogs, faires.● Based on an ethic of self-sufficiency, to the idea that onescan make anything he wants onitself.● Knowledge-sharing orientedcommunity
  21. 21. Production by the massesFabrication Laboratory (Fablab)● Iniciated by MIT, it has borned in theidea of equiping a space with the toolsto do “almost anything”● Tools that go from manual tools to 3DprintersInternational Network●
  22. 22. Production by the massesOpen Source Hardware “Open Source Hardware (OSHW) is a term for tangible artifacts -- machines, devices, or other physical things -- whose design has been released to the public in such a way that anyone can make, modify, distribute, and use those things.“
  23. 23. Production by the massesFabrication Laboratory (Fablab)
  24. 24. Production by the massesOpen Source Ecology
  25. 25. Production by the massesSharing knowledge
  26. 26. A better sharing of knowledge • Founded by EF Schumacher in 1996 • Mission: To contribute to poor people’s wellbeing, using technology to challenge poverty by: - Building the capabilities of poor men and women, - Improving their access to technical options and knowledge, - And working with them to influence social, economic and institutional systems for innovation and the use of technology.
  27. 27. A better sharing of knowledge
  28. 28. A better sharing of knowledge Micro-Hydro Pipe bending machine
  29. 29. A better sharing of knowledge Through sharing of technology knowledge : • Help Global South to tackle poverty with an access to appropriate technology • Lead Global North from an industrialized economy to an artisan sustainable production system
  30. 30. A better sharing of knowledge Through sharing of technology knowledge : • Help Global South to tackle poverty with an access to appropriate technology • Lead Global North from an industrialized economy to an artisan sustainable production system
  31. 31. A better sharing of knowledge Not more high-technology, but a better distribution of simple and sustainable technologies « Not mass production, but production by the masses » By sharing knowledge, tackle poverty in Global South and reach an artisan economy in Global North
  32. 32. Thank you!

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