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Understanding different motives of those who batter (1)

Not all batterers are the same. This presentation lays out the basic information to understand how different batterers present different risks base on the motivation of their behavior.

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Understanding different motives of those who batter (1)

  1. 1. Dorthy Stucky Halley, LMSW Family Peace Initiative Understanding the Different Motives of Those Who Batter © Family Peace Initiative No use of this material allowed without prior written permission from Family Peace Initiative
  2. 2. “Nothing is easier than to denounce the evildoer; nothing is more difficult than to understand him.” ― Fyodor Dostoevsky © Family Peace Initiative No use of this material allowed without prior written permission from Family Peace Initiative
  3. 3.  Some victims describe: ◦ partner believes they have the right to be violent if victim fails to please them ◦ cyclical relationship where violence has increased in severity and frequency; partner experiences true remorse for behavior ◦ sadism and merciless torture © Family Peace Initiative No use of this material allowed without prior written permission from Family Peace Initiative
  4. 4. •Different Motives •Different Behaviors •Different Dangers All batterers seek to dominate and control their victim. Why they want to dominate and control, however, is quite different. © Family Peace Initiative No use of this material allowed without prior written permission from Family Peace Initiative
  5. 5. Entitlement-based Survival-based Sadistic-based (D. Stucky Halley) © Family Peace Initiative No use of this material allowed without prior written permission from Family Peace Initiative
  6. 6.  Motivation is based on privilege ◦ If things don’t go his/her way, believes they have the right to punish ◦ Behavior is quite calculated, evidence of someone in absolute control rather than being “out of control” with anger ◦ If cyclical, not genuine in remorse ◦ Some fake anger, or have “righteous” anger ◦ Likely to get more severe w/o accountability ◦ Fits well with feminist perspective and social learning theory © Family Peace Initiative No use of this material allowed without prior written permission from Family Peace Initiative
  7. 7. © Family Peace Initiative No use of this material allowed without prior written permission from Family Peace Initiative
  8. 8.  Primary interest is money and material assets  None had even normal degrees of jealousy  Some exploitive: ◦ View women as interchangeable and disposable • Expectation of services from their partner (sexual intimacy, emotional support, companionship, housework, care of children) without assuming any reciprocal responsibilities. © Family Peace Initiative No use of this material allowed without prior written permission from Family Peace Initiative
  9. 9.  Contempt for their partner ◦ Could not think of a positive attribute of partner  View women as restrictors of their liberty ◦ Lack empathy & remorse ◦ Manipulative, exploitive ◦ Shallow emotions • Some are career criminals  Victims rarely contact police  Make victims drug dependent, then threatens to cut her off.  Might also force them into prostitution. © Family Peace Initiative No use of this material allowed without prior written permission from Family Peace Initiative
  10. 10. © Family Peace Initiative No use of this material allowed without prior written permission from Family Peace Initiative
  11. 11.  20 Agencies,15 cities (& surrounding area)  Total #: 352; 60 children; 292 adult  84% domestic; 16% international  Mostly female  Where the relationship between the victim and trafficker was known, 33.07% spouse/partner was trafficker © Family Peace Initiative No use of this material allowed without prior written permission from Family Peace Initiative
  12. 12.  Motivation related to survival needs. ◦ Must have their partner in order to survive ◦ Reaction to loss is not of fear, but terror ◦ Sense of betrayal is not normal anger, but rage ◦ Fits Walker’s description: strong cycle of abuse ◦ Much of Dutton’s “abusive personality” structure fits © Family Peace Initiative No use of this material allowed without prior written permission from Family Peace Initiative
  13. 13. © Family Peace Initiative No use of this material allowed without prior written permission from Family Peace Initiative
  14. 14.  Describes “cyclical or emotionally volatile batterers” ◦ 5 biggest childhood contributors to wife assault, ranked in order of importance 1. Being shamed by their father 2. Being rejected/abandoned by their father 3. Being physically abused by their father 4. Being verbally abused by their father 5. Feeling rejected by their mother © Family Peace Initiative No use of this material allowed without prior written permission from Family Peace Initiative
  15. 15.  “…combination of anger toward her and self- loathing…he said he frequently felt inferior… (p.90)  “…suicide threats, quitting his job, cashing out his retirement…someone who’d decided he had little to live for…” (p. 4) © Family Peace Initiative No use of this material allowed without prior written permission from Family Peace Initiative
  16. 16. • “The subject’s own sadism toward a loved and hated object turned back on the self”= masochism (Glickauf-Hughes & Wells); explains homicide-suicide DV.  “losing his family through death…no more disastrous than losing through desertion… at least he has called the shots and exerted his authority…” (Wilson, Daly, Daniele. 1995) © Family Peace Initiative No use of this material allowed without prior written permission from Family Peace Initiative
  17. 17. © Family Peace Initiative No use of this material allowed without prior written permission from Family Peace Initiative
  18. 18.  Does not fit well with trafficking a victim  Fits with becoming a buyer: ◦ “Jekyll and Hyde” personality ◦ “Prostitution is an arena in which men obtain confirmation that women exist for the purpose of pleasing men.” --Prieur and Taksdal ◦ Some perceive buying sex will “improve sexual performance” © Family Peace Initiative No use of this material allowed without prior written permission from Family Peace Initiative
  19. 19.  Motivated by the pleasure received through causing another’s pain  Most intelligent  Usually have considerable power on the job  Often does not begin abuse until long after the marriage began  Masterful at hiding abuse from family/friends  Victimization first noted when victims enter psych units © Family Peace Initiative No use of this material allowed without prior written permission from Family Peace Initiative
  20. 20. © Family Peace Initiative No use of this material allowed without prior written permission from Family Peace Initiative
  21. 21. © Family Peace Initiative No use of this material allowed without prior written permission from Family Peace Initiative
  22. 22. © Family Peace Initiative No use of this material allowed without prior written permission from Family Peace Initiative
  23. 23. © Family Peace Initiative No use of this material allowed without prior written permission from Family Peace Initiative
  24. 24.  Not always distinct categories  Can carry a wide range of differences,  Knowing the batterer’s motive is just one aspect of responding to the risk. High Risk © Family Peace Initiative No use of this material allowed without prior written permission from Family Peace Initiative
  25. 25.  Considering motive and tailoring approach accordingly can be effective.  Court services conducted an independent review of FPI completers: ◦ 170 completers over 5.5 years ◦ 81% were not known to reoffend  (defined as new charges or PFA filed against) © Family Peace Initiative No use of this material allowed without prior written permission from Family Peace Initiative
  26. 26. Dorthy Stucky Halley, LMSW dorthyh@familypeaceinitiative.com www.familypeaceinitiative.com 785-409-3773 © Family Peace Initiative No use of this material allowed without prior written permission from Family Peace Initiative

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