The passive voice

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The passive voice

  1. 1. THE PASSIVE VOICE<br /><ul><li>Wenormally use theACTIVE VOICE:</li></ul>- My fatherbuiltthehouse 10 yearsago<br />(In this case thefocusoremphasisisonthe SUBJECT)<br /><ul><li>PASSIVE VOICE is used when the focus is on the ACTION:</li></ul>- Thehousewasbuiltby my father 10 years ago.<br /><ul><li>PASSIVE VOICE ismuch more usual in Englishthan in Spanish, mainly in science and journalism. It’s NOT common in colloquiallanguage.
  2. 2. PASSIVE VOICE isused in publicmessages: - Dogs are notallowed.
  3. 3. PASSIVE VOICE isused in theexpressions “se dice”, “se comenta”, “se supone”, etc. (“it’ssaid, “it’ssupposed”).</li></li></ul><li>HOW TO CHANGE FROM ACTIVE TO PASSIVE:<br />ACTIVE: Subject + Verb + Object.<br />PASSIVE: Subject + Finite form of ”to be” + Past Participle<br />ACTIVE: My mumwillbuya new car.<br />PASSIVE: A new carwillbebought(by my mum).<br />Active: I haveinvitedhimtotheparty.<br />Passive: He hasbeeninvitedtotheparty.<br />Active: John canfixthewatch.<br />Passive: Thewatchcanbefixedbyhim.<br />Active: Theyoffered me a new job.<br />Passive: a) I wasoffered a new job. // b) A new jobwasoffered me.<br />
  4. 4. Practisewiththefollowingsentences:<br />Active: I sold my house in thecountrysidelastweek.<br />Active: Youhavemade a mistake.<br />Active: Weusually do the shopping at theweekend.<br />Active: Someoneissendingtheletternow.<br />Active: Youshouldn’tforgetthepassword.<br />Active: Alltheactorshadalreadyexplainedtheplot.<br />Active: My dad isgoingtocookthedinner.<br />Active: I gavehim a present.<br />
  5. 5. SOLUTIONS:<br />Passive: My house in thecountrysidewassoldlastweek.<br />Passive: A mistakehasbeenmade.<br />Passive: The shopping isusuallydone at theweekend.<br />Passive: Theletterisbeingsentnow.<br />Passive: Thepasswordshouldn’tbeforgotten.<br />Passive: Theplothadalreadybeenexplainedbyalltheactors.<br />Passive: Thedinnerisgoingtobecooked (by my dad).<br />Passive 1: He wasgiven a present.<br />Passive 2: A presentwasgivenhim.<br />

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