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AS and A2 Geography

Published in: Education, Health & Medicine
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  1. 1. HIV/AIDS<br />AS Geography<br />
  2. 2. Changing Population Structures <br />Sub-Saharan African<br />
  3. 3. What do we mean by Sub Saharan Africa.<br />
  4. 4. What’s the Problem?<br />Many are undergoing a pop’n crisis<br />From independence (Approx 1960’s) to the late 1980’s<br />High BR’s and falling DR’s<br />Typical Stage 2<br />Towards the end there was beginning of a fall in BR’s in some countries<br />
  5. 5. What started this fall?<br />HIV<br />Definition: infection by the human immunodeficiency virus <br />AIDS<br />Definition: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome<br />Transmitted by Blood products contaminated needles and sexual contact.<br />
  6. 6. Why here?<br />HIV/ AIDS became an epidemic spreading more rapidly than any other part of the world encouraged by several factors:<br />Poor levels of education<br />Low status of women<br />Mobile pop’n – migratory habits<br />Poor levels of basic health and health ed’n<br />Traditional societies and stigmatism<br />Slowness of govt’s<br />High costs of drugs for treatment.<br />
  7. 7. Figures<br />An estimated 22.4 million adults and children were living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa at the end of 2008<br />During that year, an estimated 1.4 million Africans died from AIDS. <br />Around 14.1 million children have lost one or both parents to the epidemic.<br />
  8. 8. The AIDS Epidemic<br />
  9. 9. HIV/ AIDS around the world<br />
  10. 10. Population Pyramids<br />
  11. 11. Swaziland<br />
  12. 12.
  13. 13. GDP<br />
  14. 14. Activity<br />On the sheet given think about the issues and problems that may arise from AIDS epidemic for the countries considered and any future problems<br />What costs will be involved?<br />Try to think about the term ‘Absolute Poverty’ What do you think it means?<br />What is the future for Sub Saharan Africa?<br />