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Clark-Fisher Model
<ul><li>The model shows how as an economy grows the relative importance of different sector changes </li></ul>
Pre-Industrial <ul><li>Primary sector dominates </li></ul><ul><li>Mining, Agriculture etc </li></ul><ul><li>Relatively pri...
Industrial <ul><li>Growth of manufacturing industry (Secondary) </li></ul><ul><li>To support population growth in the dema...
Post-Industrial <ul><li>Gradually the tertiary sector becomes more important as manufacturing dies away </li></ul><ul><li>...
Quaternary <ul><li>In many developed economies this quaternary sector has developed </li></ul><ul><li>Services such as Res...
<ul><li>This model works well for westernised countries as well as the south </li></ul><ul><li>Some people believe that Gl...
Current Thinking <ul><li>Favours the idea that there is more than one path to development. </li></ul><ul><li>In LEDC’s ter...
In a Nut shell <ul><li>Clark-Fisher model uses percentages employed in each sector to show that many economies move throug...
Further Reading <ul><li>‘ Global Challenge ’ McNaught & Witherick </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Geography An Integrated Approach ’ D...
Questions: <ul><li>The Model refers to four different employment structures can you think of one country that may represen...
<ul><li>The Model refers to four different employment structures can you think of one country that may represent each part...
<ul><li>The Model refers to four different employment structures can you think of one country that may represent each part...
<ul><li>The Model refers to four different employment structures can you think of one country that may represent each part...
<ul><li>The Model refers to four different employment structures can you think of one country that may represent each part...
Extra Work <ul><li>Read the two hand outs on Moodle entitled Clark-Fisher and describe the processes at work that have cre...
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Clark Fisher Model

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  • OMG so helpful i thank you:)
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Clark Fisher Model

  1. 1. Clark-Fisher Model
  2. 2. <ul><li>The model shows how as an economy grows the relative importance of different sector changes </li></ul>
  3. 3. Pre-Industrial <ul><li>Primary sector dominates </li></ul><ul><li>Mining, Agriculture etc </li></ul><ul><li>Relatively primitive economies </li></ul>
  4. 4. Industrial <ul><li>Growth of manufacturing industry (Secondary) </li></ul><ul><li>To support population growth in the demand for services. E.g. Transport, water, electricity, financial etc. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Post-Industrial <ul><li>Gradually the tertiary sector becomes more important as manufacturing dies away </li></ul><ul><li>Common in many MEDC’s </li></ul>
  6. 6. Quaternary <ul><li>In many developed economies this quaternary sector has developed </li></ul><ul><li>Services such as Research and development and IT. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>This model works well for westernised countries as well as the south </li></ul><ul><li>Some people believe that Globalisation speeds this process up and can change the sequence </li></ul><ul><li>Tourism growth could mean a by-pass of the industrial phase </li></ul><ul><li>Whether it fulfills the destiny of every country remains to be seen </li></ul><ul><li>There is debate over whether some countries could develop further </li></ul><ul><li>The speed of development is by no means the same for everyone </li></ul>
  8. 8. Current Thinking <ul><li>Favours the idea that there is more than one path to development. </li></ul><ul><li>In LEDC’s tertiary sector is overtaking secondary sector and can in some cases by-pass it. </li></ul>
  9. 9. In a Nut shell <ul><li>Clark-Fisher model uses percentages employed in each sector to show that many economies move through three stages: primary, when the largest percentage are employed in primary industry; secondary, when the largest percentage are employed in secondary industry and the post-industrial stage, when most people are in tertiary industry. </li></ul><ul><li>This change is driven by an increase in productivity per employee. Increased productivity in agriculture frees people to work in manufacturing. Increased manufacturing productivity and increased income means people spend proportionally less on agricultural goods than manufactured goods, and in turn less on manufactured goods than services. </li></ul><ul><li>The model ignores the international economic context - it does not take into account imports of manufactured goods, or the relocation of some countries manufacturing to less economically developed countries. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Further Reading <ul><li>‘ Global Challenge ’ McNaught & Witherick </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Geography An Integrated Approach ’ D. Waugh </li></ul>
  11. 11. Questions: <ul><li>The Model refers to four different employment structures can you think of one country that may represent each part of the model </li></ul><ul><li>Primary sector…………………………………………………………. </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary sector……………………………………………………… </li></ul><ul><li>Tertiary sector…………………………………………………………. </li></ul><ul><li>Quaternary Sector……………………………………………………. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>The Model refers to four different employment structures can you think of one country that may represent each part of the model </li></ul><ul><li>Primary sector…… Kenya …………………………………………… </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary sector……………………………………………………… </li></ul><ul><li>Tertiary sector…………………………………………………………. </li></ul><ul><li>Quaternary Sector……………………………………………………. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>The Model refers to four different employment structures can you think of one country that may represent each part of the model </li></ul><ul><li>Primary sector…… Kenya …………………………………………… </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary sector… Thailand ………………………………………… </li></ul><ul><li>Tertiary sector…………………………………………………………. </li></ul><ul><li>Quaternary Sector……………………………………………………. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>The Model refers to four different employment structures can you think of one country that may represent each part of the model </li></ul><ul><li>Primary sector…… Kenya …………………………………………… </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary sector… Thailand ………………………………………… </li></ul><ul><li>Tertiary sector…… S. Korea …………………………………………. </li></ul><ul><li>Quaternary Sector……………………………………………………. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>The Model refers to four different employment structures can you think of one country that may represent each part of the model </li></ul><ul><li>Primary sector…… Kenya …………………………………………… </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary sector… Thailand ………………………………………… </li></ul><ul><li>Tertiary sector…… S. Korea …………………………………………. </li></ul><ul><li>Quaternary Sector…… UK or US ……………………………………. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Extra Work <ul><li>Read the two hand outs on Moodle entitled Clark-Fisher and describe the processes at work that have created the situations in both cases. </li></ul>

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