SEPARATISM IN AMERICAN JUSTICE SYSTEM: TRUTH & THEORY W.E.B. Du Bois communicated in ―The Souls of Black Folk,‖ 1903: The problem of this century as the ―problem of the color-line‖
SEPARATISM IN AMERICAN JUSTICE SYSTEM: TRUTH & THEORY Dr. Frances Cress Welsing communicates in ―The Isis Papers, 1991:”White genetic survival is the dynamic behind the high incarceration rate of Black males in the U.S., which is second only to that of South Africa. The high rate of Black male incarceration contributes in genocidal fashion to the prevention of Black births and the Black male-supported development of all Black children, particularly boys.
SEPARATISM IN AMERICAN JUSTICE SYSTEM: Schools and Prisons: Fifty Years After Brown v. Board of Education, Sentencing Project, April 2004 in Washington DC communicates:the majority of illegal drug users and dealers in America, nationwide are white, yet three- fourths of all people imprisoned for drug offenses have been black or brown.
SEPARATISM IN AMERICAN JUSTICE SYSTEM: The National Institute on Drug Abuse reported in 2000 the following data(survey): White students use cocaine at seven times the rate of students of color White students use crack cocaine at eight times the rate of students of color White students use heroin at seven times the rate of students of colorWhite students and students of color in high school have basically the same rate of marijuana usage
SEPARATISM IN AMERICAN JUSTICE SYSTEM: The Human Rights Watch reported in 2000 the following data(survey): In 7 states – African Americans represent 80-90% of all drug offenders sent to prisonIn 15 states – blacks are admitted to prison on drug charges of a rate from twenty to fifty-seven times greater than that of white men Nationwide the rate of incarceration of African Americans far exceeds that of whitesAs the War on Drugs revved up in the 1980s: prison admissions for African Americans hit the roof actually ―quadrupling‖ in 3 years Then the rate steadily increased until it reached a level in 2000, more than 26xs the levels in 1983 for African Americans For Latinos in 2000 drug admissions was 22xs than in 1983Now for whites there was an increase at 8xs in 2000 than in 1983, but their respective numbers are small compared to that of People of Color
SEPARATISM IN AMERICAN JUSTICE SYSTEM: The National Household Survey on Drug Abuse reported in 2000 the following data(survey):White youth aged 12-17 are more than a third more likely to have sold illegal drugs than African-American youth
SEPARATISM IN AMERICAN JUSTICE SYSTEM: In addition, during the year 2000 as the Human Rights Watch reported at thesame time as the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, this is what the Human Rights Watch had to say: ―African Americans were being arrested and imprisoned at unprecedented rates, government data revealed that blacks were no more likely to be guilty of drugcrimes than whites and that white youth were actually the most likely of any racial or ethnic group to be guilty of illegal drug possession and sales. ‗Any notion that drug use among blacks is more severe or dangerous is belied by the data; whiteyouth have about three times the number of drug-related emergency room visits as their African-American counterparts.‖
SEPARATISM IN AMERICAN JUSTICE SYSTEM: TRUTH & THEORY Dr. Frances Cress Welsing communicates in The Isis Papers, 1991:Only the willingness of non-white peoples worldwide to recognize, analyze,understand and discuss openly the genocidal dynamic will bring this injustice to an end.Most important, Black males must help one another to understand that they are being led by the dynamic of white supremacy to inflict extreme damage upon themselves, one another and ultimately the Black race. Black males must understand that, contrary to what is said, the war beingconducted in urban centers is not against drugs but against Black males—for the purpose of white genetic survival.
SEPARATISM IN AMERICAN JUSTICE SYSTEM: TRUTH & THEORY Dr. Frances Cress Welsing communicates in The Isis Papers, 1991: In the present era, truth and justice have been crushed by the global power system of white supremacy, making the existence of peace on the planet impossible under this reign of terror. The attempt in this work to reveal some aspects of the in-depth truth about the white supremacy power system for the ultimate purpose of establishingjustice and peace in the world is in the tradition of the great African, goddess, Isis. I hope that with this knowledge the world’s non-white people(black, brown, red and yellow) will work more effectively to neutralize this global and most monstrous form of injustice and chaos.
SEPARATISM IN AMERICAN JUSTICE SYSTEM: TRUTH & THEORY Dr. Frances Cress Welsing communicates in The Isis Papers, 1991:Any person not interested in a definition, analysis and deeper understanding of worldwide white supremacy must have an interest (conscious or subconscious) in maintaining the same. Those who will to work for justice and who understand that work as theirconscious responsibility will be found in all places and in all walks of life, at all level of formal education and at all income levels.There are no class or race divisions nor language barriers for those who do this cosmic work. It is time to solve this problem once and for all. It is time for justice on the planet Earth.
SEPARATISM IN AMERICAN JUSTICE SYSTEM: TRUTH & THEORY T he Is i s Pa per s , 1991 T he N ew J i m C r ow, 2010 White genetic survival is the dynamic Mass Incarceration achieves racialbehind the high incarceration rate of Black segregation by segregating prisoners— males in the U.S., which is second only to the majority of whom are black and that of South Africa. brown—from mainstream society. Prisoners are kept behind bars, typically more than a hundred miles from home. Prisoners are thus hidden from public view, out of sight, out of mind. Bars and walls keep hundreds of thousands of black and brown people away from mainstream society—a form of apartheid unlike any the world has ever seen.
SEPARATISM IN AMERICAN JUSTICE SYSTEM: T h e N ew J i m Cr ow, 201 0: T h e N e w J i m C r ow, 2 0 1 0 :Po li ti ca l Di s enfra nch i semen t Po li ti c a l Di s e n fra n c h i se me n t Under the usual-residence rule, the This has enormous consequences for the Census Bureau counts imprisoned redistricting process. individuals as residents of the jurisdiction in which they are incarcerated. Because most new prison construction White rural communities that house occurs in predominately white, rural prisons wind up with more people in areas, white communities benefit from state legislatures representing them, whileinflated population totals at the expense poor communities of color loseof the urban, overwhelmingly black and representatives because it appears their brown communities from which the population has declined. prisoners come.
SEPARATISM IN AMERICAN JUSTICE SYSTEM: TRUTH & THEORY T h e N ew J i m Cr ow, 201 0: T h e N e w J i m C r ow, 2 0 1 0 :Po li ti ca l Di s enfra nch i semen t R a c i a l S e g r e ga ti o nThis policy is disturbingly reminiscent of Although rural counties contain only 20 the three-fifths clause in the original percent of the U.S. population, 60 Constitution, which enhanced the percent of new prison construction political clout of slaveholding states by occurs there. including 60 percent of slaves in the Even prisons—the actual buildings—are population base for calculating a rare sight for many Americans, as they Congressional seats and electoral votes, are often located far from population even though they could not vote. centers. In a s ens e, i n ca rcera ti o n i s a f a r m o r e ex tr em e f o r m o f p hys i ca l a n d r es i d en ti a l s eg r ega ti o n th a n J i m C r ow s eg r ega ti o n .
SEPARATISM IN AMERICAN JUSTICE SYSTEM: T h e N e w J i m C r o w, 2 0 1 0 T h e N e w J i m C r o w, 2 0 1 0 How Does Mass Incarceration How Does Mass Incarceration R e a l l y Wo r k – 5 Wa y s R e a l l y Wo r k – 5 Wa y s Convictions for drug offenses are the Drug arrests have tripled since 1980. single most important explosion inincarceration rates in the United States. Drug offenses alone account for two- As a result, more than 31 million people thirds of the rise in state prisoners have been arrested since the drug war between 1985-2000. began. Approximately a half-million people are Nothing has contributed more to thein prison or jail for a drug offense today, systematic mass incarceration of people compared to an estimated 41,000 in of color in the United States than the 1980—an increase of 1,100 percent. War on Drugs.
SEPARATISM IN AMERICAN JUSTICE SYSTEM: T h e N e w J i m C r o w, 2 0 1 0 T h e N e w J i m C r o w, 2 0 1 0Tw o M y t h s A b o u t T h e D r u g Wa r Tw o M y t h s A b o u t T h e D r u g Wa rThe Drug War is aimed at ridding the The Drug War is principally nation of drug ―kingpins‖ or big- concerned with dangerous drugs— time dealers—WRONG WRONG (1) The vast majority of those arrested (1) Arrests for marijuana possession—a are not charged with serious offenses. drug less harmful than tobacco or alcohol—accounted for nearly 80(2) In 2005, four out of five arrests were percent of the growth in drug arrests in for possession, and only one out of the 1990s. five was for sales. (2) Despite the fact that most drug arrests (3) Most people in state prison for drug are for nonviolent minor offenses, the offenses have no history of violence War on Drugs has ushered in an era of or significant selling activity. unprecedented punitiveness.
SEPARATISM IN AMERICAN JUSTICE SYSTEM: The percentage of drug arrests that result in prison sentences (rather than dismissal, community service, or probation) has quadrupled, resulting in aprison-building boom the likes of which the world has ever seen. (The New Jim Crow, 2010) In two short decades, between 1980 and 2000, the number of peopleincarcerated in our nation’s prisons and jails soared from roughly 300,000 to more than 2 million. (Ibid) By the end of 2007, more than 7 million Americans-or one in every 31 adults—were behind bars, on probation, or on parole. (Ibid) People charged with drug offenses, though, are disproportionately poor people of color. (Ibid) They are typically charged with felonies and sentenced to prison. (Ibid)
SEPARATISM IN AMERICAN JUSTICE SYSTEM: T h e N e w J i m C r o w, 2 0 1 0 T h e N e w J i m C r o w, 2 0 1 0 W h i t e M a l e s – D r u n k D r iv i n g W h i t e M a l e s – D r u n k D r iv i n g Drunk drivers are predominantly Although drunk driving carries a far white and male. greater risk of violent death than the White men comprised 78% of the use or sale of illegal drugs, thearrests for this offense in 1990 when societal response to drunk driversnew mandatory minimums governing has generally emphasized keeping the drunk driving were being adopted. person functional and in society, They are generally charged with while attempting to respond to the misdemeanors and typically receive dangerous behavior through sentences involving fines, license treatment and counseling. suspension, and community service.
SEPARATISM IN AMERICAN JUSTICE SYSTEM: T h e N e w J i m C r o w, 2 0 1 0 T h e N e w J i m C r o w, 2 0 1 0 W h i t e M a l e s — D r u n k D r iv i n g W h i t e M a l e s — D r u n k D r iv i n gAt the close of the decade, drunk drivers In fact, the number of deaths related to were responsible for approximately all illegal drugs combined was tiny 22,000 deaths annually, while overall compared to the number of deaths alcohol-related deaths were close to caused by drunk drivers. 100,000 a year. The total of all drug-related deaths due to AIDS, drug overdose, or the violenceBy contrast, during the same time period, associated with the illegal drug trade, was there were no prevalence statistics at all estimated at 21,000 annually—less thanon crack, much less crack-related deaths. the number of deaths directly caused by drunk drivers, and a small fraction of the number of alcohol-related deaths that occur every year.
SEPARATISM IN AMERICAN JUSTICE SYSTEM: T h e N e w J i m C r o w, 2 0 1 0 T h e N e w J i m C r o w, 2 0 1 0W h i t e M a l e s — D r u n k D r iv i n g B l a c k M a l e s – D r u g Po s s e s s i o n In response to growing concern— Possession of a tiny amount of crack fueled by advocacy groups such as cocaine, on the other hand, carries aMADD and by the media coverage mandatory minimum sentence of of drunk-driving fatalities-most five years in federal prison. states adopted tougher laws to punish drunk driving. Numerous states now have some type of mandatory sentencing for this offense—typically two days injail for a first offense and two—ten days for a second offense.
SEPARATISM IN AMERICAN JUSTICE SYSTEM: T h e N e w J i m C r o w, 2 0 1 0 : T h e N e w J i m C r o w, 2 0 1 0 : M a r i j u a n a D i c h o t o my - - B l a c k s M a r i j u a n a D i c h o t o my - - W h i t e s In the early 1900s, marijuana was In the 1960s, though, when marijuanaperceived—rightly or wrongly—as a drug became associated with the white middle used by blacks and Mexican Americans, class and college kids, commissions were leading to the Boggs Act of the 1950s, promptly created to study whether penalizing first-time possession of marijuana was really harmful as oncemarijuana with a sentence of two to five thought. years in prison. By 1970, the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act differentiated marijuana from other narcotics and lowered federal penalties. T h e s a m e d r u g t h a t h a d b e e n c o n s i d e r e d f e a r s o m e t w e n t y ye a r s e a r l i e r, w h e n a s s o c i a t e d w i t h A f r i c a n - A m e r i c a n s a n d L a t i n o s , wa s r e f a s h i o n e d a s a r e l a t ive l y h a r m l e s s d r u g w h e n a s s o c i a t e d w i t h whites.
SEPARATISM IN AMERICAN JUSTICE SYSTEM: TRUTH & THEORY T h e I s i s Pa p e r s , 1 9 9 1 : T h e N e w J i m C r o w, 2 0 1 0 : M e l a n i n Fa c t o r M e l a n i n Fa c t o r Under the white supremacy system, the A fairly consistent finding is that more melanin pigmentation present in punitiveness and hostility almost always the skin and thus the darker the increase when people are primed—even individual, the greater the subliminally—with images or verbal cues―inferiorization‖ pressure imposed by the associated with African Americans. racist system. In fact, studies indicate that people Thus, amongst all non-white peoples, become increasingly harsh when an Blacks are most victimized by this alleged criminal is darker and more process. ―stereotypically black‖;
SEPARATISM IN AMERICAN JUSTICE SYSTEM: TRUTH & THEORY T h e Is i s Pa per s , 1 991 : T h e N e w J i m C r ow, 2 0 1 0 : M ela ni n Fa cto r M e la n i n Fa c to rParticularly, darker Black people receive In fact, studies indicate that people extreme victimization—even amongst become increasingly harsh when an Black people themselves. alleged criminal is darker and moreThis skin coloration code established by ―stereotypically black‖; they are more the global white collective, like other lenient when the accused is lighter and methods of Black subjugation, is appears more stereotypically white. essential to white genetic survival. This is true of jurors as well as lawThis same code causes Black people to say ―Don’t marry anyone darker than enforcement officers. yourself,‖ preferring light-skinned persons as mates.
SEPARATISM IN AMERICAN JUSTICE SYSTEM: TRUTH & THEORY Media Image Campaign, 2011 T h e I s i s Pa p e r s , 1 9 9 1 W hy N o t U s e A H i g h - Ye l l o w M e l a n i n Fa c t o r Black Gir l With Straight Hair — A s k Yo u r s e l f t h e Q u e s t i o n ? ―Don’t marry anyone darker than yourself,‖ preferring light-skinned persons as mates. Such socially imposed patterns of thinking yield the Black infant itsfirst direct experience with rejection and negation by the racist social system he or she is born into; thisnegation will continue for the entire life span.
SEPARATISM IN AMERICAN JUSTICE SYSTEM:M ed i a Im a ge Ca m p a i gn , M ed i a I m a ge C a m p a i gn , 1983 1986 ― Jus t Sa y N o ‖ ― Ju s t S a y N o ‖ Mela ni n Fa cto r M ela n i n Fa cto r
SEPARATISM IN AMERICAN JUSTICE SYSTEM: TRUTH & THEORY T he Is i s Pa per s , 1991 T he N ew J i m C r ow, 2010Failing to comprehend the environmental More African Americans adults are under context of the white supremacy system correctional today—in prison or jail, on and its ultimate goal of white genetic probation or parole—than were enslaved survival, Black people also fail to grasp in 1850, a decade before the Civil War the deeper sense of what actually is began. occurring in front of our eyes. The mass incarceration of people of color is a big part of the reason that a black child born today is less likely to be raised by both parents than a black child born during slavery.
SEPARATISM IN AMERICAN JUSTICE SYSTEM: TRUTH & THEORY T he Is i s Pa per s , 1991 T he N ew J i m C r ow, 2010The destruction of Black males for the The absence of black fathers frompurpose of white genetic survival is the families across America is not simply a reason behind the ever-increasing function of laziness, immaturity, or toodisparity between the number of Black much time watching Sports Center. females entering and graduating from Thousands of black men havehigh schools and institutions of higher disappeared into prisons and jails, locked education compared to the far lesser away for drug crimes that are largely number of Black males. ignored when committed by whites.
SEPARATISM IN AMERICAN JUSTICE SYSTEM: TRUTH & THEORY T he Is i s Pa per s , 1991 T he N ew J i m C r ow, 2010 They can compensate for their color The clock has been turned back on racialinadequacy only by placing themselves in progress in America, though scarcely socially superior positions. anyone seems to notice. The color inadequacy of whiteness All eyes are fixed on people like Barack necessitates a social structure based on Obama, and Oprah Winfrey, who have white superiority. defied the odds and risen to power, fameOnly tokenism can be tolerated by such a and fortune.motivational psychological state, wherein For those left behind, especially those the evolution of the myth of the within prison walls, the celebration ofexceptional non-white is used, again, as a racial triumph in America must seem a defense mechanism. tad premature.
SEPARATISM IN AMERICAN JUSTICE SYSTEM: TRUTH & THEORY T he Is i s Pa per s , 1991 T he N ew J i m C r ow, 2010Only tokenism can be tolerated by such a All eyes are fixed on people like Barackmotivational psychological state, wherein Obama and Oprah Winfrey, who have the evolution of the myth of the defied the odds and risen to power, fameexceptional non-white is used, again, as a and fortune. defense mechanism. More black men are imprisoned today than at any other moment in our nation’s The color inadequacy of whiteness history. necessitates a social structure based on More are disenfranchised today than in white superiority. 1870, the year the 15 th Amendment was ratified prohibiting laws that explicitly deny the right to vote on the basis of race.
SEPARATISM IN AMERICAN JUSTICE SYSTEM: TRUTH & THEORY T he Is i s Pa per s , 1991 T he N ew J i m C r ow, 2010 They can compensate for their color Young black men today may be just asinadequacy only by placing themselves in likely to suffer discrimination in socially superior positions. employment, housing, public benefits, and jury service as a black man in the Jim Crow era—discrimination that is perfectly legal, because it is based on one’s criminal record. The color inadequacy of whiteness This is the new normal, the new racialnecessitates a social structure based on equilibrium. white superiority.
SEPARATISM IN AMERICAN JUSTICE SYSTEM: T he N ew J i m C r ow, 2010 T he N ew J i m C r ow, 2010The launching of the War on Drugs and Media campaigns were waged; politicians the initial construction of the new blasted ―soft‖ judges and enacted harsh systems required the expenditure of sentencing laws; poor people of color tremendous political initiative and were vilified. resources.The system now, however, requires very In fact, if you are white and middle class, little maintenance or justification. you might not even realize the drug war is still going on.Most high school and college students They were young children when the war today have no recollection of the was declared, or not even born yet. Crackpolitical and media frenzy surrounding is out; terrorism is in. the drug war in the early years.
Separatism in America Physical Bondage Black Folk Race Ideology Instruments of (Exploitation) Propaganda Racism 1 2 Racialism Media Civil Rights Movement Jim Crow 1 2 Black Folk (Subordination) Affirmative Action 3 (R&B) Sub-Prime Mass Incarceration Age of Mortgages in Black and Brown Black and Brown Black and Brown Colorblindness Black Male Health Care Divide Communities of Economic Divide Education Divide (Tokenism: Color (Marginalization) OBAMA &OPRAH) Extreme Marginalization & Racial & Ethnic StigmatizationLegend: GWS=Global White Supremacy R&B=Racial Bribe, Tokenism=Individualism versus Collectivism