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Karen Fox 2010
                                                                                Introduction
                                                                                Based on the Bee-Bot, Pro-Bot offers
                                                                                greater functionality and progression via a
                                                                                simple and child friendly interface. The
                                                                                arrow buttons work just like the Bee Bot
                                                                                but allows the children to input the amount
                                                                                of movement or the degrees of turn, and a
                                                                                built-in LCD screen allows children to
                                                                                preview procedures.
                                                                                The robot features four built-in sensors which can activate
                                                                                procedures from touch, light and sound.
                                                                                Using probots provides great links to numeracy, particularly
                                                                                position and direction and Geography, using the language of
                                                                                movement and grid references.
                                                                                This guide will provide information on the use of probots in the
                                                                                classroom. From learning objectives and activities to assessment.
 The use of Probots can support many ICT learning objectives,                           ICT Learning Objectives – Control and Monitoring
such as those below. (Learning objectives are taken from the Control and
           monitoring strand of the Bolton ICT Capability Route Map.)                              Uses programmable resources to support learning

        ICT Learning Objectives – Control and Monitoring                                     Can enter a sequence of instructions to move a floor robot to a
                                                                                                          designated point incorporating turns
                       Know that some toys can be controlled
                                                                                                Can use the repeat key to produce symmetrical shapes
  F/S




           Understand that things happen due to actions – cause and effect
                                                                                                        Can use and edit a pre-written procedure
          Know some devices need instructions to operate and control them
                 Moves an on screen turtle using single commands                                   Can combine procedures to form a new procedure
               Can provide a sequence of instructions for a floor robot           KS2       Can write a list of commands to produce a pre-drawn shape and
                                                                                                             amends instructions as required
          Is aware of sensors in everyday life e.g. burglar alarms, automatic
                                        doors                                                           Independently uses the repeat command
  KS1




              Can move a floor robot forwards/backwards/specify units                      Control simple devices (light bulbs, motors, and buzzers) by giving
            Can enter a sequence of instructions to move a floor robot to a                                        direct instructions
                         designated point incorporating turns                                           To use simple procedures independently
               Can use the repeat key to produce symmetrical shapes
                                                                                          Alter the program set-up for a particular sensor e.g. making the lights
                 Can use FD, BK, LT, and RT to control a floor turtle                                         come on when it goes dark.
Karen Fox 2010

Logo                                                       Activities and Games
  Probot uses logo as its programming language.            Synchronised Speeding – Give the children a list
  The following commands can be used in Logo to            of instructions to input into the probot and set of the
   control the movement of the on-screen turtle:           cars together. Are the cars synchronised?
     FD forward                BK back                     Use pocket dice to create a random route.
     RT right                  LT left                     Skittles – knock down skittles in a particular order
     Rpt Repeat                Pause Pause PS              or link to numeracy. Can you make a total of …?
Go will make the probot go but pressing it again will
               make your probot stop.                      Slalom – Can you weave in and out of the course?
   By default pressing just Fd or Bk will move the         Can you do it with one set of instructions?
probot by 25cm and Lt or Rt will turn by 90 degrees.       Astro Challenge – Can the car make its
 This can be changed by adding the amount of turn          way past the planets (balls on plastic cups)
             or length e.g. Fd 30 Rt 90                    without crashing into any?
Making letters with Logo                                   Routes
Use the pen holder in the probot and flipchart paper or
PVC mats. (Berol pens fit well)                            Make a route using blocks, junk materials or draw a
Can children draw a letter E or H?                                 route with chalk or masking tape.
                                                              Using estimation, mathematical vocabulary.
Predict the letter that these instructions produce.
1) FD 90 RT 90 FD 40 BK 40 RT 90 FD 40 LT 90 FD 30           Can children make a route using different criteria
2) FD 30 RT 90 FD 20 BK 20 RT 270 FD 20 RT 90 FD 30            e.g. 2 right angle turns, a complete circuit.
3) BK 60 FD 30 RT 90 FD 30 RT 90 FD 30 BK 60                Can children record their instructions and then ask
                                                              another group to test the track and check the
Now can you draw the letter K? Now try the letter Z.                              results.
 Consider - Can children visualise the letters first? Do
  they need whiteboards to plan the route out? Can         Give the children tapes, measuring sticks and rulers
  children plan a different route for the same letter?     to help them to plan the route.
Karen Fox 2010
Repeat
   The repeat key can be used to draw shapes.        Procedures and Sensors
  To draw a square type - Repeat [ 4 fd 10 rt 90 ]
  This will draw a square with sides 10 cm long.

      Drawing Other Shapes using repeat




                                                                    Petal Procedure
Programming a procedure                                    Programme procedure 1 (half petal)
                                                                Proc 1 Rpt 10 [ Fd1 Lt 6]
 Press menu à New Proc à 33 Front à Now
 change this to make the car move backwards           Then Proc 2 Rpt [ Proc 2 Lt 120 Proc 2 Lt 60 ]
  and turn when the front sensor is pressed.
                e.g. bk 10 rt 50                          Procedure 2 will now draw a full petal.
                                                              Now on the main screen add
 This will now happen each time the sensor is                       Rpt 6 [ proc 1 ]
pressed. Procedures 1 – 32 will only work if you
                  add them.
Karen Fox 2010

Special Commands Menu                                           Other Example Programmes
Press and hold the menu button or 2 seconds and the
list of special commands will appear. These can be
added to the main programme or any procedure.




                                                      Control and Monitoring assessment statements
Control and Monitoring Assessment                     BL
                                                                 I can operate everyday technology including Digital
Statements                                                 video/camera/Tape recorder/Kitchen items in cooking/Control
                                                      1
                                                                Equipment /Remote Control toys/Programmable toys
                                                      BL      I can identify and explain how I use everyday ICT in the
The following assessment statements are taken         1                         home and community
                                                      BL
from the Control and Monitoring strand of the         1
                                                                     I know that some toys can be controlled
Bolton ICT Assessment Grids and are levelled to       BL
                                                            I can names items we control in the everyday environment
                                                      1
match National curriculum level descriptors for              I know some devices use a sensor/need a signal to activate
                                                      1
ICT.                                                                          them e.g automatic doors
                                                              I know some devices need instructions to operate and
                                                      1
                                                                           control them e.g. microwave
The assessment statements which can be                     I know ICT devices are powered by mains or battery and I
                                                      1
achieved through the use of probots are                                  should observe basic safety rules
                                                      1          I can provide single instructions for a floor robot
highlighted.
Karen Fox 2010
Control and Monitoring assessment statements                        Control and Monitoring assessment statements
          I can use the a simple logo program and move an on               I can predict how things will change over time and uses
2                                                                   4
                   screen turtle using single commands.                                      sensors to record this
2    I can provide a sequence of instructions for a floor robot          I can write a list of commands to produce a pre-drawn
                                                                    4
                                                                                shape and amend instructions as required
         I can enter a sequence of instructions to move a floor
3                                                                   4      I can combine procedures to form a new procedure
             robot to a designated point incorporating turns
3     I can use the repeat key to produce symmetrical shapes        4     I can independently use the wait and repeat command
    I can use sensors to take accurate measurements and record               I can control simple devices (light bulbs, motors, and
3                                                                   4
                                   results                                            buzzers) by giving direct instructions
       I can use the pen down and pen up commands to move the           I can alter the program set-up for a particular sensor e.g. time
3                                                                   4
                                    turtle                                                      span of recording
3               I can use and edit a pre-written procedure          4                    I can use REPEAT FOREVER
        I can attach a sensor to a device connected to a computer   5                      I can use IF…. THEN…
3
                             and take readings.
                                                                    5                  I can use and program 2 inputs
                                                                    5   I use simple procedures to control more than output device

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Probot activity guide

  • 1. Karen Fox 2010 Introduction Based on the Bee-Bot, Pro-Bot offers greater functionality and progression via a simple and child friendly interface. The arrow buttons work just like the Bee Bot but allows the children to input the amount of movement or the degrees of turn, and a built-in LCD screen allows children to preview procedures. The robot features four built-in sensors which can activate procedures from touch, light and sound. Using probots provides great links to numeracy, particularly position and direction and Geography, using the language of movement and grid references. This guide will provide information on the use of probots in the classroom. From learning objectives and activities to assessment. The use of Probots can support many ICT learning objectives, ICT Learning Objectives – Control and Monitoring such as those below. (Learning objectives are taken from the Control and monitoring strand of the Bolton ICT Capability Route Map.) Uses programmable resources to support learning ICT Learning Objectives – Control and Monitoring Can enter a sequence of instructions to move a floor robot to a designated point incorporating turns Know that some toys can be controlled Can use the repeat key to produce symmetrical shapes F/S Understand that things happen due to actions – cause and effect Can use and edit a pre-written procedure Know some devices need instructions to operate and control them Moves an on screen turtle using single commands Can combine procedures to form a new procedure Can provide a sequence of instructions for a floor robot KS2 Can write a list of commands to produce a pre-drawn shape and amends instructions as required Is aware of sensors in everyday life e.g. burglar alarms, automatic doors Independently uses the repeat command KS1 Can move a floor robot forwards/backwards/specify units Control simple devices (light bulbs, motors, and buzzers) by giving Can enter a sequence of instructions to move a floor robot to a direct instructions designated point incorporating turns To use simple procedures independently Can use the repeat key to produce symmetrical shapes Alter the program set-up for a particular sensor e.g. making the lights Can use FD, BK, LT, and RT to control a floor turtle come on when it goes dark.
  • 2. Karen Fox 2010 Logo Activities and Games Probot uses logo as its programming language. Synchronised Speeding – Give the children a list The following commands can be used in Logo to of instructions to input into the probot and set of the control the movement of the on-screen turtle: cars together. Are the cars synchronised? FD forward BK back Use pocket dice to create a random route. RT right LT left Skittles – knock down skittles in a particular order Rpt Repeat Pause Pause PS or link to numeracy. Can you make a total of …? Go will make the probot go but pressing it again will make your probot stop. Slalom – Can you weave in and out of the course? By default pressing just Fd or Bk will move the Can you do it with one set of instructions? probot by 25cm and Lt or Rt will turn by 90 degrees. Astro Challenge – Can the car make its This can be changed by adding the amount of turn way past the planets (balls on plastic cups) or length e.g. Fd 30 Rt 90 without crashing into any? Making letters with Logo Routes Use the pen holder in the probot and flipchart paper or PVC mats. (Berol pens fit well) Make a route using blocks, junk materials or draw a Can children draw a letter E or H? route with chalk or masking tape. Using estimation, mathematical vocabulary. Predict the letter that these instructions produce. 1) FD 90 RT 90 FD 40 BK 40 RT 90 FD 40 LT 90 FD 30 Can children make a route using different criteria 2) FD 30 RT 90 FD 20 BK 20 RT 270 FD 20 RT 90 FD 30 e.g. 2 right angle turns, a complete circuit. 3) BK 60 FD 30 RT 90 FD 30 RT 90 FD 30 BK 60 Can children record their instructions and then ask another group to test the track and check the Now can you draw the letter K? Now try the letter Z. results. Consider - Can children visualise the letters first? Do they need whiteboards to plan the route out? Can Give the children tapes, measuring sticks and rulers children plan a different route for the same letter? to help them to plan the route.
  • 3. Karen Fox 2010 Repeat The repeat key can be used to draw shapes. Procedures and Sensors To draw a square type - Repeat [ 4 fd 10 rt 90 ] This will draw a square with sides 10 cm long. Drawing Other Shapes using repeat Petal Procedure Programming a procedure Programme procedure 1 (half petal) Proc 1 Rpt 10 [ Fd1 Lt 6] Press menu à New Proc à 33 Front à Now change this to make the car move backwards Then Proc 2 Rpt [ Proc 2 Lt 120 Proc 2 Lt 60 ] and turn when the front sensor is pressed. e.g. bk 10 rt 50 Procedure 2 will now draw a full petal. Now on the main screen add This will now happen each time the sensor is Rpt 6 [ proc 1 ] pressed. Procedures 1 – 32 will only work if you add them.
  • 4. Karen Fox 2010 Special Commands Menu Other Example Programmes Press and hold the menu button or 2 seconds and the list of special commands will appear. These can be added to the main programme or any procedure. Control and Monitoring assessment statements Control and Monitoring Assessment BL I can operate everyday technology including Digital Statements video/camera/Tape recorder/Kitchen items in cooking/Control 1 Equipment /Remote Control toys/Programmable toys BL I can identify and explain how I use everyday ICT in the The following assessment statements are taken 1 home and community BL from the Control and Monitoring strand of the 1 I know that some toys can be controlled Bolton ICT Assessment Grids and are levelled to BL I can names items we control in the everyday environment 1 match National curriculum level descriptors for I know some devices use a sensor/need a signal to activate 1 ICT. them e.g automatic doors I know some devices need instructions to operate and 1 control them e.g. microwave The assessment statements which can be I know ICT devices are powered by mains or battery and I 1 achieved through the use of probots are should observe basic safety rules 1 I can provide single instructions for a floor robot highlighted.
  • 5. Karen Fox 2010 Control and Monitoring assessment statements Control and Monitoring assessment statements I can use the a simple logo program and move an on I can predict how things will change over time and uses 2 4 screen turtle using single commands. sensors to record this 2 I can provide a sequence of instructions for a floor robot I can write a list of commands to produce a pre-drawn 4 shape and amend instructions as required I can enter a sequence of instructions to move a floor 3 4 I can combine procedures to form a new procedure robot to a designated point incorporating turns 3 I can use the repeat key to produce symmetrical shapes 4 I can independently use the wait and repeat command I can use sensors to take accurate measurements and record I can control simple devices (light bulbs, motors, and 3 4 results buzzers) by giving direct instructions I can use the pen down and pen up commands to move the I can alter the program set-up for a particular sensor e.g. time 3 4 turtle span of recording 3 I can use and edit a pre-written procedure 4 I can use REPEAT FOREVER I can attach a sensor to a device connected to a computer 5 I can use IF…. THEN… 3 and take readings. 5 I can use and program 2 inputs 5 I use simple procedures to control more than output device