Darfur Power Point


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Darfur Power Point

  1. 1. Darfur: Ethnicity, Religion, Oil, and Janjaweed.<br />
  2. 2. Ethnicity<br />A group of people who share common characteristics such as language, traditions, and culture.<br />What does this look like in Battle Creek? Ethnic restaurants…<br />
  3. 3. Ethnicity in Sudan<br />Three Main Ethnicities in Sudan<br />Arab (North)<br />Black (South)<br />Fur (West) – These people are mix of Arab and Black<br />These are separated based on the color of skin<br />Light skin = Arab<br />Dark skin = Black<br />The lighter your skin, the more important you are in Sudan’s government.<br />
  4. 4. Ethnicity<br />Fur<br />Arab<br />Black<br />
  5. 5. Religion<br />
  6. 6. Religion in Sudan<br />Two Main Religions in Sudan<br />Muslim (North and Darfur)<br />Christian (South)<br />The government of Sudan is Arab, Muslim.<br />
  7. 7. Questions to Consider<br />What caused the ethnic divide in Sudan?<br />Why don’t the people in Darfur “fit in” with the government even though they are religiously Muslim?<br />If you were to put the ethnicity and religion maps on top of each other, what combinations would you have?<br />
  8. 8. Oil in the Sudan<br />There is oil in Southern Sudan.<br />The only way to get the oil to the rest of the world is by a port in the North.<br />
  9. 9. Oil in the Sudan<br />The people and government in the North have money from oil.<br />People in the South were still poor. <br />People in Darfur weren’t included at all.<br />This lead to civil war between the North and South. The Darfur was not included in the war.<br />
  10. 10. Oil in the Sudan<br />After the Civil War, the country split the profit from the Oil. <br />However, the Darfur region was still excluded from the profits.<br />The Darfur was mad, so they declared war on the government in Northern Sudan. <br />
  11. 11. Government<br />Who is the Sudanese government exactly?<br />“Parliament” – 3 Groups “Share” power<br />Theocracy – Islamic Law is imposed on everyone<br />They have a president too… <br />
  12. 12. Government<br />Omar al-Bashir<br /><ul><li>President of Sudan
  13. 13. His group took power by force
  14. 14. Light skin
  15. 15. Arab</li></li></ul><li>Government<br />Omar al-Bashir<br /><ul><li>ICC (International Criminal Court) has issued a warrant for his arrest for crimes against humanity.
  16. 16. He responded by removing ALL aid groups from Darfur…because they were spying.</li></li></ul><li>Government<br />Now that you know a little about Sudan’s government, let’s determine how they responded to the rebels in Darfur…<br />
  17. 17. Oil in the Sudan - Government<br />How did the government in Sudan react to the rebels? They called the country that owns 70% of their oil for help…<br />CHINA<br />
  18. 18. Oil in the Sudan - China<br />China was happy to help the Sudanese government.<br />Why would they do that??????<br />
  19. 19. Oil in the Sudan - China<br />In order to protect their oil supply, China provided the Sudanese government with weapons to fight off the rebels.<br />
  20. 20. Oil in the Sudan - Government<br />To remove rebels from Darfur, the government would enter villages:<br />Bomb the village using Chinese bombers<br />Shoot up the village using the Chinese helicopters.<br />Have armed horsemen shoot the rest of the people who weren’t killed in the bombing or helicopter shooting.<br />Have armed horsemen dig up food supplies and burn them so that they won’t grow back.<br />Ruin village wells by having armed horsemen throw dead bodies down the well.<br />
  21. 21. Oil in the Sudan - Government<br />The problem with the government’s solution to the rebels in Darfur is that …<br />Who’s the rebel?<br />Who’s the civilian?<br />
  22. 22. Janjaweed – Herders vs. Farmers<br />Who are the Janjaweed?<br />Armed horsemen<br />Known as Devils on Horseback<br />They are Arabic nomads from Dafur killing Black farmers from Darfur<br />Chinese gun?<br />
  23. 23. Until recently, herders (Janjaweed) and farmers in Darfur got along.<br />Janjaweed – Herders vs. Farmers<br />Good morning, pardon us.<br />Hello!<br />
  24. 24. If a herder’s animal got loose and destroyed a farmer’s land, the herder would pay the farmer.<br />Janjaweed – Herders vs. Farmers<br />
  25. 25. Now, there is less land. Herders don’t feel as bad because they need the land for their animals too.<br />Janjaweed – Herders vs. Farmers<br />
  26. 26. Janjaweed – Herders vs. Farmers<br />What do they do?<br />Ride into villages shooting any “rebel”<br />Rape women<br />Burn homes<br />Destroy food supply<br />
  27. 27. Why is the land disappearing now?<br />The Sahara is Taking Over <br />the Good Land!<br />Janjaweed – Herders vs. Farmers<br />