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  1. 1. colic What is it and how to recognize it
  2. 2. What is Colic The term colic comes from a Greek root and refers to the Colon and the later part of the Large intestine .The term in modern times refers to a general pain in the abdomen.There are many causes for colic ranging from mild to life threatening or fatal.
  3. 3. Where does that food go? <ul><li>The horse G. I. Tract helps to explain why there are so many forms of colic.The horse GIT is similar to that of other species but it has a number of specialized design features,some of which predispose it to colic. </li></ul>
  4. 4. A tour of the GI Tract <ul><li>Once food has been chewed it passes down the esophagus into the stomach( 8-5 liters) </li></ul><ul><li>After a period of digestion the food passes into the small intestine.This part of the gut is approximately 22 meters long with a diameter of 7-10 cm and has a capacity of 40-50 liters </li></ul><ul><li>Most of the small intestine hangs from a curtain like membrane called the mesentery*. </li></ul><ul><li>At the junction of the small intestine and the large intestine is blind ended pouch called the caecum,it is over one meter long and has a capacity of 25-30 liters the Caecum is the horses version of the appendix.Food passes from the small intestine into the Caecum and then into the large intestine </li></ul>
  5. 5. A tour of the GI Tract <ul><li>The caecum and the large intestine form the horses fermentation chamber allowing it to gather nutritional values from grass and forage.The large intestines 3-4 meters long diameter of20-25 cm and can hold 50 liters,the large intestine fills a large part of the abdomen. This structure is attached to the body at only two places*,at its beginning and at its end.With only two immobile spots the intestine lies in the abdomen in a neatly arranged double u formation one u stacked on top of another. This arrangement entails the food having to go around number of 180 bends known as flexures. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Signs of colic <ul><li>Lying down more than normal </li></ul><ul><li>Getting up and lying down repeatedly </li></ul><ul><li>Turning head towards there flank </li></ul><ul><li>Abnormal sweating </li></ul><ul><li>Pawing the ground </li></ul><ul><li>Kicking at the stomach </li></ul><ul><li>Rolling </li></ul><ul><li>Curling the upper lip </li></ul><ul><li>Flanks tucked up </li></ul><ul><li>A poor look in the eye </li></ul><ul><li>Gums a pale color with a slow C.R.T </li></ul>
  7. 7. Types of colic's <ul><li>Impacted colic </li></ul><ul><li>Is the term used when the the intestines become blocked by a firm mass of food or manure. This is a fairly common type of colic but could also be the start of a more complicated case. </li></ul><ul><li>Flatulent Colic </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes gas builds up within the intestine most commonly in the large intestine and the caecum .The gas stretches the intestine wall causing pain. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Types of Colic <ul><li>Spasmodic Colic </li></ul><ul><li>Some cases of colic are due to increased intestinal contractions and abnormal spasms cause the intestine to contract painfully. </li></ul><ul><li>Twisted Gut </li></ul><ul><li>This is mostly a result of a more benign type of colic and is a displacement of a portion in the abdomen. The large unfixed portions of the large intestine predisposes horse to this problem. </li></ul>
  9. 9. What do I do ? <ul><li>The severity of the case will dictate what you do and when .Not all horses show the same symptoms in the same way and in the same order. </li></ul><ul><li>If possible take T.P.R. </li></ul><ul><li>Has the horses water intake been normal </li></ul><ul><li>What frequency has the horse defecated if any </li></ul><ul><li>Are the gums normal check C.R.T. </li></ul><ul><li>With all this information call the Vet </li></ul>
  10. 10. What do I do ? <ul><li>Remove any hay or food from the stable. </li></ul><ul><li>If possible walk Do Not Let The Horse Roll . </li></ul><ul><li>Do not give any medication unless advised by the vet some medications can hide more serious symptoms. </li></ul>