UNESCO in Slovakia


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Slovakia has 7 sights inscribed in the World Heritage List – 5 cultural and 2 natural.

Banská Štiavnica (a former major mining town) and tajchy (ancient water reservoirs around the town)
Bardejov (a historic town)
Levoča, Spiš Castle and associated cultural monuments
Spiš Castle
a medieval ecclesiastical town Spišská Kapitula
frescos in a medieval church in Žehra
Spišské Podhradie
Vlkolínec (folk architecture)
Caves in the Slovak Karst:
Dobšinská Ice Cave
Domica Cave
Gombasek Cave
Jasovská Cave
Ochtinská Aragonite Cave
Primeval beech forests in Poloniny National Park and Vihorlat Mountains (localities: Havešová, Stužica, Rožok and Kyjovský Forest)
Wooden churches in central and eastern Slovakia (in Hervartov, Tvrdošín, Kežmarok, Leštiny, Hronsek, Bodružal, Ladomírová, Ruská Bystrá)
In 1993, the first three places mentioned in the list were all cultural Banská Štiavnica, Spišský Castle and Vlkolínec. Then in 1995, Jaskyňa Slovenského a Aggtelekského Krasu (Caves of Slovak and Aggtelek Karst) – a Slovak-Hungarian project was the first Slovak natural Heritage Sight. In the year of 2000, the historic heart of the city Bardejov became fifth UNESCO’s sight of Slovakia. Bukovské Vrchy (Bukovec Mountains) and Vihorlatské Vrchy (Vihorlat Mountains) in the eastern part of the mountain Karpaty (Carpathian Mountains) was inscribed in 2007. The last one is a cultural sight and in UNESCO from 2008 – Wooden Churches of the Slovak part of the Carpathian Mountain Area.

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UNESCO in Slovakia

  2. 2. Little Big Country
  3. 3. There are many beautiful and interesting things in the world.Slovakia might be a small country but that cannot be said about theimportance and the number of interesting sights found here. Slovakia is endowed with a diverse natural beauty, ranging from the fertile valleys running towards the foothills of tall rocky mountains to the scenic caves hiding inside them. Our ancestors have left present generations a whole spectrum of monuments ranging from mighty castles and parks in bloom to scientific and cultural artefacts. It is not only the tangible heritage that has been preserved; it is also the customs, the music and the stories that make up our national identity. Some of these gems were recognized by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization UNESCO and they were inscribed on its World Cultural and Natural Heritage List.
  4. 4. Slovak Karst – Zádie ska CanyonSlovak Karst Domica CaveBeauty is not to be found only on the outside, it often remains concealed;and for us to admire it, we need to go deep under the surface.The beautiful caves of the Slovak Karst mountains are a proof that to findbeauty we need to undertake such a journey.
  5. 5. Slovenský kras Domica BRATISLAVAOchtinská Aragonite Cave Jasovská CaveSlovak caves, which are part of the World Heritage List, areof varied origins and are found with different shaped andcoloured formations. The Ochtinská Aragonite Cave representsa unique natural phenomenon attracting interest due to therichness of its aragonite ornamentation. The iron flowers andbushes are the most well-known. Jasovská cave is famous forits calcite formations and rocks of different shapes. The stonesand rocks are complemented by the occurence of several kindsof bats that live there. Dobšinská ice cave with its locationat low altitude is among the most important ice caves in theworld. It is a much visited cave due to the beauty of its icepillars, waterfalls and lakes.
  6. 6. The Spiš CastleOn a limestone hill towering at 200 m The rocky hill, on which the castle stands, was already settled in the early Stone age and a massive fortification was built here at the turnabove the surrounding area, the of the first millenium AD. Later on in the 11th century, the fortress hadSpiš Castle reigns supreme over the started to resemble a mediaeval fortified castle and subsequentlySpišská basin. Its size, spreading over a provost’s castle was built here. Gradually the towers were added, andfour hectares, is recognized as one of more buildings continued to be built, initially in the Romanesque style and later in the Gothic and Renaissance styles.the largest and best preserved castle The castle had, over time, several important aristocratic, as well ascomplexes in Central Europe. royal owners. They all left a trace in the form of various architectural
  7. 7. ŽILINA Spišský hrad PREŠOV TRENČÍN BANSKÁ KOŠICE BYSTRICA TRNAVA NITRA BRATISLAVArenovations of the castle, for example the building of a delightfulGothic chapel. Part of the Spišské Podhradie area is Spišská Kapitulawith its dominant late-Romanesque St. Martin’s Cathedral dating fromthe 13th century, with the characteristic two towers. The tabernacleand nave were expanded by several Gothic additions. The Cathedral’sinterior is particularly valuable, especially for its Gothic altars, statues,gravestones, tombs, chalices, bells and frescoes. The Spiš Castle hasbeen inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List since 1993.
  8. 8. VlkolínecThe conservation reserve site of Vlkolínec (“vlk” means wolf in Slovak) is a small and hilly village whose inhabitants were mostly farmers and worked on theVlkolínec is a preserved village with surrounding fields and meadows. For such a small village, theretypical wooden architecture and were a lot of families in the iron business which helped developfarmstead yards. It was named after the hamlet. It entered the annals of history by participating inan ancient myth and the abundance a dispute with the town of Ružomberok in the 14th century. The typical architecture found in mountainous regions marries theof wolves living in Liptov woods at simplicity of wood and the yearning for beauty in the form ofthe time.
  9. 9. ŽILINA Vlkolínec PREŠOV TRENČÍN BANSKÁ KOŠICE BYSTRICA TRNAVA NITRA BRATISLAVAthe pastel colours of the walls. Until today, distinctive period The village has about 35 permanent residents living therebuildings have been preserved here. The most famous ones are throughout the year and the number rises, especially in summer,the two-floor wooden belfry, the village well, and the stone when cottage owners from the city or neighbouring towns joinchurch of The Visitation of theVirgin Mary. In the village, it is them, together with visitors from around the globe. Vlkolínecpossible to visit the Farmer’s house, where one can see a typical was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1993.household with period objects. Traditionally, a lot of tourists visit especially in the summerThere are many preserved hay-lofts and other farm buildings in months when lots of tourist-friendly events are organized here.the village’s vicinity.
  10. 10. Bardejov – the Town Hall SquareBardejovThe historical centre of Bardejov is unique in the number of exceptionally well-preserved burgher houses encompassing the market square which has beenthe centre of activity in the region since the Middle Ages. The town was themediaeval centre of trade and thanks to its famous markets it became thedestination for many merchants of the time.
  11. 11. ŽILINA Bardejov PREŠOV TRENČÍN BANSKÁ KOŠICE BYSTRICA TRNAVA NITRA BRATISLAVABardejov – the Town Hall SquareA lack of arable land in the town’s vicinity led to its orientation Several sacral buildings have been preserved from the mediaevaltowards craft production and trade. During the golden age of times, most notably the Basilica of St. Egídius (St. Giles). Its 11the town in the 14th and 15th centuries, one could count up to 64 Gothic winged altars with board paintings are unique in Europe.artisan specializations and 50 different guilds. The Bardejov masters’ The walk through the historical centre of Bardejov is undoubtedlyproducts were sold far and wide beyond the region’s borders and a powerful experience and thanks to this it was inscribed on thebrought lots of development and wealth to the town. Many disputes UNESCO World Heritage List in 2000.took place between the Polish and Hungarian rulers as they foughtfor this wealthy and blossoming town.
  12. 12. Banská Štiavnica – the New ChateauBanská ŠtiavnicaFrom time immemorial, gold and silver were considered the symbols of wealth andpower. The thrones of Hungarian kings were supported by the royal mining townswhich produced these precious metals. A walk through Banská Štiavnica will remindus of their former glory.
  13. 13. ŽILINA PREŠOV TRENČÍN BANSKÁ KOŠICE BYSTRICA TRNAVA NITRA Banská Štiavnica BRATISLAVA St. Catherine’s Church Square of the Holy TrinityBanská Štiavnica is the “golden” treasure of mediaeval mining in Central with well-preserved period buildings will give an idea of the way of lifeEurope. The spirit of the past glory of this town is present oat every in the town and surrounding area in the times of its greatest miningstep. There is a large collection of mining artefacts in the historic part glory. The tour guides, dressed in period mining costumes, will acquaintof the Mining Museum. Among the most interesting objects are the you with the history of the tough job of mining. During the tours,measuring equipment, functioning models of water pump machines, the the visitors are provided with miners’ helmets and lamps for a moreoriginal ceremonial mining coats dating from the 18th century and the authentic experience. Banská Štiavnica has been on the UNESCO Worldminers’ insignia. Heritage List since 1993 and it welcomes more than 40 000 visitorsAnother interesting piece is the vast collection of minerals located at the every year.old site of the Mining Office. You might be interested in paying visitsto the Old and New Chateaux where many period objects have beenpreserved. A tour of the mining galleries and a unique open-air museum
  14. 14. Beech forestsThe Carpathian primeval forests contain within a small area an extraordinarynumber of trees, plants and fungi. They are home to rare species ofanimals, mainly endangered bird species. This pristine natural beauty givesus a chance to see the forest as it used to be, centuries ago before humanintervention.
  15. 15. ŽILINA PREŠOV Bukové lesy TRENČÍN KOŠICE BANSKÁ BYSTRICA TRNAVA NITRA BRATISLAVAThe Carpathian primeval beech forests are unique in the way fungi that grow here. Fauna is abundant, too – many rare birdsthey create a chain of islands of the original natural forest – from such as the red-breasted flycatcher, the Ural owl or the white-the lowest vegetation level of the lowlands to the highest forest backed woodpecker found refuge here. Many protected speciesvegetation level in the highlands. It is a unique example of forest which are either endangered or have died out elsewhere, arevegetation including a wide array of primeval forest samples in still in existence here.a relatively small area. There are centuries-old pines, beeches,maples and plenty of dead wood which feeds the thousands of
  16. 16. Miro aWooden churchesWooden churches are to be found in countries where wood was the basicbuilding material. What makes the Slovak wooden churches unique is theirauthenticity, precision of work, the preservation of most of the external andinternal elements and the fact that they are still used for religious purposes.
  17. 17. ŽILINA PREŠOV TRENČÍN BANSKÁ BYSTRICA KOŠICE TRNAVA NITRA BRATISLAVAKežmarok InovceThe protected wooden churches can be found in the Žilina, period decorated altars, paintings, masterfully carved pulpitsBanská Bystrica, Košice and Prešov regions. From the religious or confessional booths and other religious artefacts. Apart frompoint of view, they serve the Roman Catholic Church, Greek the nine of the protected churches which were inscribed on theCatholic and Protestant Churches. Most of them date from the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2008, there are more than 2016th and 17th centuries and were built in different styles and other similar gems to be found in eastern Slovakiaused various technical methods but they all have one thingin common and that is wood. The beauty is in the variety andthe value is in their preservation. Inside them we can find
  18. 18. Fujara
  19. 19. Fujara, also called “the queen ofpipes”, was used to while awaythe time in our ancestors’ lives. Itsmelancholy and lingering soundaccompanied folk songs in sad, aswell as merry events of life. A greatdeal of skill was needed not only toplay it, but to make it too and thatmade it even more valuable.From the humble origins as a shepherd’s intrument, over timeit has become a much-loved folk music intrument. To play suchan instrument, a lot of skill was needed. Despite the fujarahaving only three holes which are used to alter the length ofthe sound, the tones of this kingly pipe are hauntingly beautiful.Today, fujara is often part of many folk groups and enjoys notonly popularity but respect as well. It has been part of the WorldHeritage List since 2005.
  20. 20. Levo a – St. Jacob’s ChurchBack to the future
  21. 21. Slovakia is unique in its history and has many surviving witnesses to remind us of their glory days. By visiting the castles, chateaux or museums, we show our respect to the ancestors who created this beauty. ŽILINA PREŠOV TRENČÍN Levoča BANSKÁ KOŠICE BYSTRICA TRNAVA NITRA BRATISLAVALevo a – Radnica History is not dead - it is not only the cold walls of ruins and the objects behind the musem glass. History is the stories that make us laugh, teach us and inspire us. Only those who can percieve the beauty of nature are the people rich in spirit; only those who listen to history can take the walk towards the future.
  22. 22. Slovak Tourist Board FOREIGN REPRESENTATION SACRNámestie . Štúra 1, P. O. Box 35974 05 Banská Bystrica Czech RepublicTel.: +421/48/413 61 46 Ing. Klára BadinkováFax: +421/48/413 61 49 Slovenská agentura pro cestovní ruchEmail: sacr@sacr.sk Jilská 16 110 00 Prague 1Slovak Tourist Board Czech RepublicBratislava Branch Tel. /Fax: +420 224 946 082Dr. V. Clementisa 10 Mobil: +420 776 7654 77821 02 Bratislava Email: sacrpraha@seznam.czTel.: +421/2/50 700 801, 821Fax: +421/2/55 571 654 ChinaEmail: sacrba@sacr.sk Slovak Tourist Board China PR & Consultancy AgencySlovak Tourist Board Mrs. Maria BoydPresov Region Branch B&B InternationalMichaela Rafajová, BSBA Office 26E, CITIC BuildingOffice of the Prešov Self-Governing Region No. 19 Jianguomenwai Dajie, Chaoyang DistrictNám. Mieru 2 Beijing 100004, P.R.C.080 01 Prešov tel.: +86 10 8526 1228Mobil: +421 918 336 236 fax: +86 10 8526 1227Email: presov@sacr.sk e-mail: bnbint@gmail.com, welcomeslovakia@vip.sina.comSlovak Tourist Board The NetherlandsNitra Region Branch Ing. Ingrid StupavskaIng. Ronald Tur ek Slowaaks VerkeersbureauOffice of the Nitra Self-Governing Region át Hotel, Leliegracht 18Kupecká 3 1015 DE Amsterdam949 01 Nitra The NetherlandsTel.: +421/37/ 69 259 23 Tel.:+31 20 423 0539Mobil: +421 918 336 238 Fax:+31 20 626 7873Email: turcek@sacr.sk email: info@slowaaks-verkeersbureau.nlSlovak Tourist Board GermanyTrencin Regional Branch Ingrid SoratMgr. Peter Pastier Slowakische Zentrale für TourismusOffice of the Trencin Self-Governing Region Zimmerstr. 27Hviezdoslavova 1 D - 10969 Berlin911 50 Tren ín Tel: +49/30/25 94 26 40Tel.: +421/32/ 65 37 218 Fax: +49/30/25 94 26 41Mobil: +421 918 336 237 E-mail: sacr-berlin@botschaft-slowakei.de,Email: pastier@sacr.sk tourismus@botschaftslowakei.deSlovak Tourist Board The United KingdomZilina Regional Branch Mary Stuart-MillerMgr. Martin Vataj Slovak Tourist BoardOffice of the Zilina Self-Governing Region The Creative Connection UK LtdKomenského 48 South Marlands011 09 Žilina Itchingfield, HorshamMobil: +421 918 336 277 West Sussex RH13 0NNEmail: vataj@sacr.sk The United Kingdom Tel.: 0844 700 5100 Email: slovakiatourism@virgin.net www.slovakia.travel Poland Ján Bošnovi Narodowe Centrum Turystyki S owackiej ul. Krakowskie Przedmie cie 13 pok. 17, (budynek hotelu Europejski) 00-071 Warszawa Poland Tel. /Fax: +48/22/827 00 09 Email: sacr@poczta.onet.pl Austria Daniel Luká Slowakische Zentrale für Tourismus Vertretung Österreich Parkring 12 A - 1010 Wien Austria Tel.: +43 1 5139569 Fax: +43 1 5139763 Email: sacr-wien@aon.at Russian Federation ubica Alušicová Predstavite stvo Slovackovo Upravlenija po Turizmu Posolstvo Slovackoj Respubliky Ul. J. Fu íka 17-19, 123 056 Moscow Russian Federation Tel.: +7/495/251 76 31 Fax: +7/495/251 76 45 Email: sacrmow@comail.ru Hungary Dipl. Ing. So a Jelínková képviselet vezetö Szlovák Idegenforgalmi Hivatal Rákoczi út 15 H 1088 Budapest Author: Slovak Tourist Board Hungary Project Manager: Karolína Parobeková, SACR Tel.: +36 1 4290049 Text: M.C. Triton, spol. s r.o. Praha, Accelerate, s.r.o. Bratislava Fax: +36 1 4290050 Photographs: Bratislava, SACR, Slovakia.travel, R. Buga, P. Mobil: +36 30 4341368 Ondrek, A. Vojček, J. Tomko, M. Nikolaj, Š. Kačena, D. Bugár, J. Email: slovakiatourism@slovakiatourism.hu Lacika, R. Millan, V. Rengevi, I. Hlobej, P. Grosch, Š. Kordoš, Ľ. a great little country Macík, M. Štalmach, J. Šperka, J. Gašpar, V. Veverka, P. Salminen, www.slovakia.travel L. Novák, T. Nehera, M. Kohút, F. Petko, J. Miškovič, B. Molnár, P. Lovás, S. Staško, J. Pekárek, D. Hajdúch, D. Foríšeková, M. Benko, R. Malega, M. Kostka, Z. Kukučková, R. Kocián Graphics: Michaela Hybská, Zvolen Print: Slovenská Grafia, a.s. Bratislava Project Coordinator: Cortes, Smith & Co. Slovakia, s.r.o. Bratislava XI/2008 The publication of this was co-financed by the EU.
  23. 23. Little Big Country
  24. 24. www.slovakia.travel