The Opium Trade By Kim,Joe,Robin,Rebecca,Linnea
The Opium Trade The ﬁrst opium war took place in 1839 and ended in 1842 the wars came about because England bought many trading goods such as tea and silk from china but china had not wished to trade with England in the ﬁrst place. England became worried about the risk of a drop in trade so they then began smuggling opium (a smokable and consumable drug) into china which caused an entire opium related subculture to form in china.
The Opium WarThe chinese government becameangry over the lack of trade andthe drain on their silver caused bythe drug and the emperordemanded that all companiesBritish or Chinese burn theirstocks of opium. The britishgovernment were angered by thisand sent expeditionary forcesfrom india to ravage the coast ofchina, they then dictated theterms of settlement for the treatyof Nanking which opened the wayfor a much bigger opium trade.
Opium In Medicine During the 18th century opium was used as a sedative and relaxants especially in people who suffered from nervous disorders, it was also used as a treatment for people who were considered insane. Its euphoric effects were useful in treating patients who suffered from depression. However only later did they realise that after the high had worn off depressed patients became even more depressed and was therefore not very effective. Despite this fact opium was used for medicinal purposes well into the 19th century