Environmental Challenges for Natural Resource Based Industries
ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGES FORNATURAL RESOURCE BASED INDUSTRIES DR. STEFANOS FOTIOU REGIONAL COORDINATOR (ASIA PACIFIC): RESOURCE EFFICIENCY UNITED NATIONS ENVIRONMENT PROGRAMME
CONTENTS The need for change Negative Impacts and Positive Benefits Main Environmental Challenges UNEP’s work
THE STATE OF OUR PLANET20% of the world’s population consumes 80% of its resources.If everyone consumed at this level , thenby 2050 (that is to say tomorrow!) it would take four extra planets to provide the necessary resources
THE INDUSTRY’S RESPONSIBILITIESThe environment has become a major factor in corporate decision making.Environmental issues are more and more associated with virtually all aspects of an organisations management, from financing to production, from marketing to corporate reporting.
THE INDUSTRY’S RESPONSIBILITIESIn this scenario, it is all the more important to have a systematic and integrated approach to questions such as How to manage environmental issues throughout the companys activities? How to consistently and visibly improve a companys environmental performance?
HOW DO WE RESPONDAssessmentPrinciplesActionReport
IDENTIFYING THE NEGATIVE IMPACTSThe main impacts on environmental sustainability come from industry’s: Energy use and transportation Land use Water use Emissions Generation of wastes (and especially hazardous waste)
IDENTIFYING THE POSITIVE EFFECTSThe main contribution towards sustainability is based on the industry’s potential ability to: Stimulate development and employment creation in disadvantaged, more remote or/and less-developed regions Generate local income
Consumption of Production of resources financial resources •Transportation •EnvironmentalAN ASSESSMENT •Land use conservation (?) •Water use •Development •Use of energy •Employment •Waste •Local income Production of Consumption of goods goods
ENVIRONMENTAL PRINCIPLESTHE UN GLOBAL COMPACTSupport a precautionary approach to environmental challengesUndertake initiatives to promote greater environmental responsibilityEncourage the development and diffusion of environmentally friendly technologies
PRECAUTIONARY APPROACH TO ENVIRONMENTALCHALLENGESWe need evident that an economic activity has positive or at least neutral effects on sustainabilityWhen we are not certain of the impacts we follow a precautionary approachThink and evaluate before you act
PROMOTE GREATER ENVIRONMENTALRESPONSIBILITYWho in the company currently has authority to issue policies?Who has responsibility for environmental issues?What are the most critical environmental issues facing the company?What are the main risks and opportunities associated with these issues?
PROMOTE GREATER ENVIRONMENTALRESPONSIBILITYWhich line managers are most directly affected by these issues?What are the resource implications of addressing the risks/opportunities?What further information is needed to develop an environmental plan?
TOOLS FOR CORPORATE ENVIRONMENTALRESPONSIBILITYEnvironmental Assessment ToolsEnvironmental Management Tools Standards and labels (ISO 14000, eco-label etch.)Environmental Monitoring and Auditing ToolsEnvironmental Reporting and Communication Tools
ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY TECHNOLOGIESPotential Environmental and Social Benefits: Conserve natural resources Reduce quantity of waste and effluent generated Reduce pollution Create local income Improve working conditions
ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY TECHNOLOGIESPotential Economic Benefits Reduce raw material, energy and water costs Reduce waste disposal and transportation costs Increase returns by selling waste materials for reuse Reduce costs from potential liabilities, risks & accidents Improve productivity
UNEP’S WORK WITH INDUSTRYObjectives Increase resource efficiency and reduce pollution over product life cycles and along supply chains Increased investment in efficient, clean and safe industrial production methods Consumer choice favours more resource efficient and environmentally friendly products
UNEP’S WORK WITH INDUSTRYSelected activities The UN Global Compact Business & Industry Dialogue Meetings Voluntary Initiatives Partnerships Tools
The Standard Business Cycle The UNGC performance model Plan Vision Review Review Do Enablers Check Results Measure Report THE UN GLOBAL COMPACT
BUSINESS & INDUSTRY DIALOGUE MEETINGSAnnual meetings; provide the opportunity for UN officials and representatives of industry and trade associations, to: Review progress made in implementing environmental management tools Exchange information, Discuss production and consumption issues, and Assess the state of the 2002 Johannesburg Plan of Implementation.
VOLUNTARY INITIATIVESVarious sectors Building and Construction Tourism ITC Advertising and communication MiningFeasibility of an environmental initiative in the elastomer industry?
TOOLSEnvironmental Management System Training Resource Kit (in association with the FIDIC and ICC)Environmental Management System HandbookGuide to ISO 14001 for Certification / Registration
I THANK YOU VERY MUCH FOR YOUR KIND ATTENTIONStefanos FotiouRegional CoordinatorResource EfficiencyUNEP - ROAPstefanos.email@example.com