The Writing Process

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This is a short yet comprehensive presentation helpful especially in technical writing.

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  • The Writing Process

    1. 1. Where wouldwe be withoutWRITING?
    2. 2. There’d be no books, magazines, or newspapers. There’d be no instructions for putting together a bike or a VCR. There’d be no birthday or anniversary cards. There’d be no signs on the road to tell us where to go.
    3. 3. Writing is a method of communication. It uses marks that we see and understand. The marks we use to write English are the letters of the alphabet. They stand for sounds.Microsoft ® Encarta ® 2008. © 1993-2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
    4. 4. TheWRITINGProcess
    5. 5. Stages in Writing Process  Prewriting  Writing  Revising
    6. 6. Prewriting Planning stage Exploring ideas Choosing a topic Determining audience and purpose Deciding on main idea Developing and organizing ideas
    7. 7. Exploring Ideas- To take inventory of your interests, experiences, and ideas HOW DO YOU EXAMINE YOURSELF’S INTERESTS, EXPERIENCES, AND IDEAS?
    8. 8. Ways of Exploring Ideas  Interviewing yourself  Free writing  Journal writing  Reading and saving  Clustering  Brainstorming  Cueing
    9. 9. Questions for Interviewing Yourself1. What activities do I enjoy?2. In what areas do I have special skills and/or extensive knowledge?3. What kinds of subjects arouse my curiosity?4. To whom do I like to speak to and about what topics?5. To whom could I speak to learn more about topics that interest me?6. What has happened to me in the past or is happening to me now that seems of special interest?
    10. 10. Free Writing  An embarrassing moment  A fight or conflict  Girl’s sports  What do I do best  Daydreams/nightmares  Youth (or parents of today)  A favorite place  Life  nature
    11. 11. Journal Writing Writing down your thoughts, feelings, reflections, and experiences in a notebook.
    12. 12. Reading and Saving Reading as much and as often as possible from variety of sources: newspapers, magazines, books, encyclopedias, and so on. Jot down or cut out articles that interest you and you can check later on to know if there is any topic potential for writing.
    13. 13. Clustering A technique that is used to narrow a broad topic into one appropriate for a short paper.
    14. 14. Example: Sketch pad crayons drawing painting ART Da Vinci Modern dancing Museum P.E.
    15. 15. Brainstorming A way of creating or combining as many ideas as you can on a subject. Even just planning a party with friends or trying to decide what to do on a day off is an example of brainstorming already.
    16. 16. Cueing Exploring topic by using cueing devices such as the 5 W’s (who, what, where, when, and why) or the alphabets (a-z).
    17. 17. Examples of Cueing ProcessTopic: Cycling A – AmphibiansWho: Me B – BasketballWhat: Training C – Careful DrivingWhere: Deserted roads, away D – Diving (kinds) from traffic E – EmoWhy: To increase speed F – Fiction Stories and endurance G – Ghost HuntingWhen: after school, weekends
    18. 18. BrainstormingWork in a group of five. Appoint one person to take notes. Brainstorm on a new product, something that does not exist yet, such as a car that comes when you call it. Toss out ideas for at least ten minutes without discussing its merits. Just keep the ideas flowing. List all the ideas.
    19. 19. After brainstorming withthe group, choose one ideaand, working on your own, write down why you think it would be a good product. Do it for 5 minutes.
    20. 20. Then, present the summary ofyour work to the group. Now, thegroup will decide which of thepresented written output is thebest. Finally, plan and present anadvertisement about the product.Make sure to convince youraudience with our advertisement.
    21. 21. Other groups will be evaluating thepresentation and will givetheir grades according to how convincing their advertisement is.
    22. 22. If Questions1. If you would be someone else, who would you be?2. If you could change anything about yourself what would you change?3. If you could have any question answered, what would it be?4. If you could have live in any period of history, when would it be?5. If you could be any famous person who has ever lived, who would you choose to be?
    23. 23. What is writing to you? Working in pair, make an acrostic for the word WRITING. You have 5 minutes to do that.Example: W – whatever will come to my thoughts is R – responded with joy and I – indispensable action through T – ticking down I – in a piece of paper and making sure that N – nothing is forgotten and G – goal is set to aim.
    24. 24. Ways of Exploring Ideas  Interviewing yourself  Free writing  Journal writing  Reading and saving  Clustering  Brainstorming  Cueing
    25. 25. Choosing and Narrowinga Topic Choose a topic that can be effectively covered in the allotted amount of space.
    26. 26. Determining Audience and Purpose Determine your audience and purpose before you begin writing.Topic Audience Purpose - Support for readers of local newspaper to persuadea cyclingMarathon - tips on training cyclists who compete to inform- How to learn classmates to instruct
    27. 27. Developing a Main Idea and Support Statea main idea. Then gather and organize supporting information to develop the main idea effectively.
    28. 28. Organization of Supporting Information Chronological order – information arranged in time sequence Spatial order – arranged according to space relationship Order of importance – arranged from least to important or vice versa Comparison and Contrast – arranged according to similarities and differences between items Developmental – information arranged so that one point leads logically to the next.
    29. 29. WRITING
    30. 30. Writing your first draft Translateyour prewriting notes into sentences and paragraphs, without worrying about punctuation, spelling, grammar, or perfect sentences.
    31. 31. Overcoming Writer’s Block If you feel incapable of writing, always write anything. Remember you can always change it later.
    32. 32. REVISING FOR SENSE Edit for word choice and sentences Edit for correct punctuation, spelling, grammar and so on Proofread and publish
    33. 33. Now that you learnedthe step by stepprocess in writing…areyou ready to express?

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