   A shor t stor y is a shor t work of fiction.
    Fiction, as you know, is prose writing
    about imagined events and ...
   A character is a person, or sometimes even
    an animal, who takes part in the action of a
    short story.
     Pro...
•   The Characteristics of a Person – the
    information the author gives the reader
    about the characters themselves....
   The setting of a shor t stor y is the time
    and place in which it happens. Authors
    of ten use descriptions of l...
 place - geographical location.  Where is the
  action of the stor y taking place?
 time - When is the stor y taking pla...
   A plot is a series of events and character actions
    that relate to the central conflict
       Introduction - The ...
 Conflict is a struggle between two
  people or things in a shor t stor y. The
  main character is usually on one side of...
   1)  Man vs. Man (physical) - The leading character
    struggles with his physical strength against other
    men, for...
 the central idea or belief in a shor t
  stor y.
 the main idea that the author is tr ying
  to tell the reader. 
 the...
Elements Of A Short Story
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Elements Of A Short Story

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Elements Of A Short Story

  1. 1.  A shor t stor y is a shor t work of fiction. Fiction, as you know, is prose writing about imagined events and characters. Prose writing dif fers from poetr y in that it does not depend on verses, meters or rhymes for its organization and presentation.
  2. 2.  A character is a person, or sometimes even an animal, who takes part in the action of a short story.  Protagonist - One character is clearly central to the stor y with all major events having some impor tance to this character  Antagonist - the opposer of the main character
  3. 3. • The Characteristics of a Person – the information the author gives the reader about the characters themselves.  • his/her physical appearance  what he/she says, thinks, feels and dreams  what he/she does or does not do  what others say about him/her and how others react to him/her
  4. 4.  The setting of a shor t stor y is the time and place in which it happens. Authors of ten use descriptions of landscape, scener y, buildings, seasons or weather to provide a strong sense of setting.
  5. 5.  place - geographical location.  Where is the action of the stor y taking place?  time - When is the stor y taking place? (historical period, time of day, year, etc)  weather conditions - Is it rainy, sunny, stormy, etc?  social conditions - What is the daily life of the character's like? Does the stor y contain local colour (writing that focuses on the speech, dress, mannerisms, customs, etc. of a par ticular place)?  mood or atmosphere - What feeling is created at the beginning of the stor y?  Is it bright and cheer ful or dark and frightening?
  6. 6.  A plot is a series of events and character actions that relate to the central conflict  Introduction - The beginning of the stor y where the characters and the setting is revealed.  Rising Action - This is where the events in the stor y become complicated and the conflict in the stor y is revealed (events between the introduction and climax).  Climax - This is the highest point of interest and the turning point of the stor y.  The reader wonders what will happen next; will the conflict be resolved or not?  Falling action - The events and complications begin to resolve themselves.  The reader knows what has happened next and if the conflict was resolved or not (events between climax and denouement).  Final Action or Denouement - This is the final outcome or the explanation at the end of the stor y.
  7. 7.  Conflict is a struggle between two people or things in a shor t stor y. The main character is usually on one side of the central conflict.  On the other side, the main character may struggle against another impor tant character, against the forces of nature, against society, or even against something inside himself or herself (feelings, emotions, illness).
  8. 8.  1)  Man vs. Man (physical) - The leading character struggles with his physical strength against other men, forces of nature, or animals.  2)  Man vs. Circumstances (classical) - The leading character struggles against fate, or the circumstances of life facing him/her.  3)  Man vs. Society (social) - The leading character struggles against ideas, practices, or customs of other people.  4)  Man vs. Himself/Herself (psychological) -  The leading character struggles with himself/herself; with his/her own soul, ideas of right or wrong, physical limitations, choices, etc.
  9. 9.  the central idea or belief in a shor t stor y.  the main idea that the author is tr ying to tell the reader.   the author's thoughts about a topic or view of human nature. 

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