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Chemical Bonding


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Chemical Bonding

  1. 1. Chemical Bonding By Froilan Usman
  2. 2. What is Hemoglobin? <ul><li>Hemoglobin is a type of protein in the red blood cells that carries oxygen to the tissues of the body. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s a cell that transports oxygen and carbon dioxide and gives blood its red color. </li></ul><ul><li>www. webmd .com/heart-disease/guide/heart-disease-glossary-terms </li></ul><ul><li>www. schneiderchildrenshospital .org/ peds _html_fixed/ </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  3. 3. How is Hemoglobin important to the transport of oxygen in our bodies? <ul><li>Hemoglobin is responsible for this transportation. It is responsible for transporting oxygen in the bloodstream. www. rcs .k12. tn .us/ HipHop /forensics-terms.doc </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  4. 4. Why is the transport of oxygen by hemoglobin a real-life example of chemical bonding? <ul><li>It is a real-life example of chemical bonding because the hemoglobin combines with the oxygen, and when two substances combine together, it forms a chemical bond. www.investors. affymax .com/glossary. cfm </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  5. 5. How is the Hemoglobin related to the successful climb to the top of Mt. Everest <ul><li>When you climb up the Mt. Everest, you lose oxygen as you get higher so you will need hemoglobin because hemoglobin transfers oxygen to your lungs </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  6. 6. What does the ph have to do with the transport of oxygen by hemoglobin? <ul><li>The ph keeps hemoglobin in our body under control. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  7. 7. What is blood doping? <ul><li>Blood doping is the practice of boosting the number of red blood cells in the bloodstream. </li></ul><ul><li>en. wikipedia .org/ wiki /Blood_doping </li></ul>
  8. 8. What is the difference between autologous and homologous blood doping? <ul><ul><li>Autologous blood doping is the transfusion of one’s own blood, which has been stored refrigerated or frozen until needed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Homologous blood doping is the transfusion of blood that has been taken from another person with the same blood type. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. What is EPO and why is it used? <ul><ul><li>EPO is a hormone that is produced naturally by the human body. EPO is released from the kidneys and acts on the bone marrow to stimulate red blood cell production. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An increase in red blood cells improves the amount of oxygen that the blood can carry to the body’s muscles. It may also increase the body’s capacity to buffer lactic acid. </li></ul></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  10. 10. What are medical uses of blood doping? <ul><li>Blood doping is usually used in sports. It is used to make athletes stronger. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  11. 11. Why is blood doping used in sport? <ul><li>Athletes need more red blood cells to their body. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  12. 12. 1 st example of blood doping <ul><li>In 1996 the first doped athlete was Irish swimmer Michelle Smith, she won three gold medals in the Olympics, but people said that blood was transfered into her body. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  13. 13. 2 nd example of blood doping <ul><li>Barry bonds was also guilty of using blood doping. He was positive of three types of steroids. </li></ul><ul><li> Barry _ Bonds </li></ul>
  14. 14. What are the side effects of blood doping? <ul><ul><li>Side effect can increase the risk of heart attack, stroke, and pulmonary or cerebral embolism. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>