Stay Out Of The Trap2


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Stay Out Of The Trap2

  1. 1. Avoiding the Trap: The belief that PERFECT people have PERFECT bodies and live PERFECT lives!
  2. 2. Today’s Societal Pressure <ul><li>From flipping the pages of your favorite magazine to flipping channels with the television remote; people are constantly being bombarded with images of thin people. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Then and Now <ul><li>THEN - in the 1950’s Marilyn Monroe was looked at as a sex symbol; today she would be considered overweight. </li></ul>                                             
  4. 4. Then and Now <ul><li>NOW - children are seeing female actors taking their weight to the extremes. </li></ul>                                      
  5. 5. Staggering Stats <ul><li>About 1% of female adolescents have anorexia. </li></ul><ul><li>4% of college-aged women have Bulimia. </li></ul><ul><li>Only about 10% of those with anorexia or bulimia are men. </li></ul><ul><li>Primarily affects teens, but children as young as five and as old as seventy-six have been affected. </li></ul>
  6. 6. More stats <ul><li>About 60% of adults are overweight and about 1/3 of those are obese. </li></ul><ul><li>About 72% of alcoholic women younger than 30 also have an eating disorder. </li></ul><ul><li>Without any treatment about 20% die. </li></ul><ul><li>With treatment about 60% recover fully and about 20% make only partial recovery. </li></ul>
  7. 7. What our kids are told is beautiful… <ul><li>BARBIE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Height 6’0” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weight 101 lbs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Size 4 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bust 39” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Waist 19” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hips 33” </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. What our kids don’t see as REALITY <ul><li>AVERAGE WOMAN </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Height 5’ 4” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weight 145 lbs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Size 12-14 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bust 36-38” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Waist 30-33” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hips 40-42” </li></ul></ul>                            
  9. 9. Types of Eating Disorders <ul><li>Anorexia Nervosa- the relentless pursuit of thinness. </li></ul><ul><li>Bulimia Nervosa- the diet-binge-purge disorder. </li></ul><ul><li>Binge Eating- uncontrollable urge to eat </li></ul>
  10. 10. Less Common Disorders <ul><li>Anorexia Athletica- compulsive exercise </li></ul><ul><li>Muscle dysmorphia- opposite of anorexia </li></ul><ul><li>Rumination disorder- food regurgitation </li></ul><ul><li>Pica- craving of non-food items </li></ul><ul><li>Chew and spit- tastes and chews food but will not swallow. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Anorexia Nervosa <ul><li>Person will refuse to maintain normal weight. </li></ul><ul><li>Weighs 85% or less than “normal” for age and height. </li></ul><ul><li>Is terrified of being fat. </li></ul><ul><li>Reports of feeling very fat. </li></ul><ul><li>Often associated with depression and obsessive-compulsive disorder. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Bulimia Nervosa <ul><li>Person binge eats. </li></ul><ul><li>Feeling out of control while eating. </li></ul><ul><li>Vomits, exercises, and misuses laxatives to get rid of calories. </li></ul><ul><li>Believes self-worth requires being thin. </li></ul><ul><li>Weight is usually normal or near normal. </li></ul><ul><li>Diets when not binging so becomes hungry and binges again. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Binge Eating Disorder <ul><li>Binge eats frequently and repeatedly. </li></ul><ul><li>Feels out of control and unable to stop eating during binge. </li></ul><ul><li>Feels guilty and ashamed of binge eating. </li></ul><ul><li>Has a history of diet failures. </li></ul><ul><li>Tends to be depressed and obese. </li></ul><ul><li>Usually eat for emotional reasons. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Warning Signs <ul><li>Food Behaviors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Skipping meals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Small portions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Refusal to eat in front of others </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cooks for entire household, but will not eat meal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Always has an excuse of why not to eat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Becomes “disgusted” with former food favorites </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually seen drinking diet soda </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Signs, cont. <ul><li>Appearance and Body Image Behaviors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sudden loss of weight </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fear of gaining weight </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wears baggy clothing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Obsesses about size of clothes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Complains of being fat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spends a lot of time in front of mirror finding things to criticize </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Signs, cont. <ul><li>Exercise Behaviors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exercises compulsively and excessively </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Athletic performance begins to suffer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Refuses to change workout routine </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Signs, cont. <ul><li>Thoughts and Beliefs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Loses ability to think logically </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Becomes irrational and denies anything being wrong </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Becomes argumentative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Has trouble concentrating </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Envious of thin people </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Signs, cont. <ul><li>Feelings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Will not discuss feelings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Becomes moody, irritable, cross </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feels that they do not fit in so avoid friends and activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feels inadequate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Experiences depression, anxiety, guilt, and loneliness </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Signs, cont. <ul><li>Social Behaviors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tries to please everyone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tend to avoid sexual activity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tries to control what and where family eats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Person craves true intimacy but at same time is terrified of it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of impulse control </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Medical Complications <ul><li>Anorexia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Damage to vital organs especially heart and brain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stop menstruating </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blood pressure drops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nails and hair becomes brittle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lowering of body temperature; always cold </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>dehydration </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Medical Complications <ul><li>Bulimia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Swollen joints </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Light-headed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loss of calcium in bones </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Irregular heart rhythms and heart failure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rupture of stomach </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loss of enamel on teeth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scaring on back of hands </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Medical Complications <ul><li>Binge Eating </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Obese </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High cholesterol </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High blood pressure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diabetes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased risk of gallbladder disease, heart disease, and many types of cancer </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Simplistic Causes <ul><li>Low self-esteem </li></ul><ul><li>Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Stress and anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>Need to have control of something </li></ul><ul><li>Heredity </li></ul><ul><li>Fathers/brothers view on weight </li></ul>
  24. 24. Where to go for Help <ul><li>Call local physician or admit to a hospital specializing in eating disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Internet sites </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>