08 09 Final Presentation 24 Slides

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  • Introduce yourself, your title and agency, and that you here to talk about organ and tissue donation.
  • Why talk about it? Does anybody like to watch Grey’s Anatomy, John Q? The Eye? Not going to happen in real life, the way they interpret O/T donation we are here to give you the facts about O/T donation.
  • Everyday people like you and me are affected. THESE PEOPLE ARE YOUNG… Tonisha…liver tx when 17 yrs. Old. Boy with basketball…kidney transplant when sophomore in HS. LPG son his mom has received a kidney transplant. Girl with backpack received ligaments (tissue transplant) It is a growing health issue, yet there are many myth, misconceptions and questions out there about how it all works. When you turn 18, you will have the opportunity to register your decision to be an organ/tissue donor with the Illinois Secretary of State’s office. Even if you aren’t 18, you have the opportunity to talk to your family about it and help educate others. We are here to give the FACTS about organ and tissue donation so you can make an informed decision.
  • Donate Life Illinois is a coalition of agencies that are involved with donation and transplantation. What is a name on here that jumps out? Permits…DL…Jesse White.
  • Today, we’re going to cover: The need for transplantation -- why do so many people need transplants? How donation and transplantation works And finally, if you decide to become an organ/tissue donor, what you need to do to document your decision.
  • As of August 12, 2008, there are more than 99,000 people waiting David passed away waiting Some like to say: A single donor can on average , save and help more than 25 people.
  • Candidates…put into pool Ask what organs are you waiting for? During evaluation see a social worker, checked out physically. Once a candidate added by transplant list. Every 13 minutes someone is added to the transplant list.
  • Ask the students what organs can be donated before putting the pictures on the screen Here are some of the reasons that can cause the organs to fail. For exp, CF (mucus in lungs), (kidneys are 3x’s the size, born with) Discuss genetic vs environment How many lives can I save? Could be 8…why…split liver, kidneys, not everyone needs a double lung transplant.
  • Gentleman from CA waiting for a liver Tx. Look skinny face, arms, large his abdominal. Toxic fluid only thing to save his life… is a liver transplant. TELL THEM IF YOU WANT TO CLOSE YOUR EYES YOU CAN. Healthy liver = size of football. Imagine how large the diseased liver. Here is the man after his transplant, people who receive transplants can go on to live long, healthy lives. Now we know about all the organs…what tissues can be donated??? GIVEAWAYS.
  • Again, ask students first before putting up on the screen 1 in 20 Americans will need some type of medical tissue transplant during lifetime Patient referred within 1 hour of death Donation agency evaluates patient’s medical eligibility, identifies donor registry status Donation agency contacts family to discuss the donation opportunity Donation agency contacts hospital with outcome, the information on how to proceed Tissue recovered at hospital or OR facility Dime size tissue that is on our eyes…corneal blindness different from a retina blindness. (Black and white fuzzy now like HD TV) Maybe can’t donate whole heart, can donate heart valve Donated bone Carson Palmer (QB for Bangles) he received donated ligaments from a woman who passed away in a Drunk driver accident. Veins- poor circulation Skin – top of legs and portion of back, enough to help sever burn victims. If I donate these organs and tissue can I still have an open casket…YES you can.
  • Clouded Corneas – CLOSE YOUR EYES…I will show a picture of the cornea. Cornea the one tissue that is donated and transplanted the most…b/c almost everyone can donated. It takes approximately 45 min to transplant a cornea. TURN LIGHTS OFF TO SEE PHOTO BETTER. Take care of your contacts…girl went to main west HS and went swimming with her contacts and now has had 3 corneal transplants. Do not sleep, swim or shower with your contacts in…this can lead to a blinding eye condition (b/c bacteria)
  • This is life saving donation… donate blood and bone marrow when you are still living and organs and tissue when you pass away. Eligibility for a blood donor: 110 lbs, at least 17 years old, have not give blood in the last 56 days (8weeks)
  • If the family says yes, we work together with the transplant centers to coordinate the organ recovery efforts, making sure that the maximum number of organs are transplanted to the correct recipients, all within a very short window of time. Surgical procedure when organs are recovered. If I am the donor, your doctors will come to me to recover the organs.
  • What causes brain death? Any type of trauma to the brain such as: Motor vehicle accident Gun shot wound Fall Anoxia (loss of oxygen to brain) Intracranial bleed Brain tumor Examining for Brain Death (some of the tests conducted on the patient) No blood flow No brain activity No response to pain Pupils are unreactive (fixed) No corneal reflexes No gag reflex No spontaneous respiration Coma vs Brain Death Heard about people waking up form a coma, but never wake up from brain death. Patient on mechanical support keeps the organs good if the family chooses to donate.
  • We need to get the organs into the recipients as quickly as possible. Kidneys up to 72 hours.
  • Important to register your wishes in case anything ever happens to you Surveys: More than 90% of people believe “registering as a donor is the right thing to do” Millions register as organ/tissue donors What are we asking of you today…whatever your decision is please talk to your family. We are not hear to make a decision, but we want you to have the facts.
  • Organ and tissue donation touches the lives of those who have lost loved ones while waiting for a transplant as well as those whose loved ones have given the gift of hope to those desperately waiting. Benefits to recipients: A new chance at life Freedom from debilitating effect of disease Chance to life a “normal life” Benefits to donor families: Brings something positive to a tragic situation Allows families to honor their loved one’s wishes Heather- 16yrs old, still waiting…kidneys helps us grow. Tuesday kidney tx can not go back to work… Tracey mom passed away and received a tissue transplant.
  • Organ and tissue donation touches the lives of those who have lost loved ones while waiting for a transplant as well as those whose loved ones have given the gift of hope to those desperately waiting. Benefits to recipients: A new chance at life Freedom from debilitating effect of disease Chance to life a “normal life” Benefits to donor families: Brings something positive to a tragic situation Allows families to honor their loved one’s wishes
  • DO NOT SWIM, SHOWER or GO in a HOT TUB with your contacts in. Waterborne organism
  • Polycystic Kidney versus a normal kidney. A normal, healthy kidney is the size of your fist Polycystic kidney is 5x the normal size of a kidney and has fluid filled cysts all over Genetic disease Diagnosed early, but doesn’t become a problem until 40 or 50 y/o
  • 08 09 Final Presentation 24 Slides

    1. 1. Organ & Tissue Donation: Get the Facts
    2. 2. <ul><li>Why talk about </li></ul><ul><li>organ and tissue donation? </li></ul>
    3. 4. Donate Life Illinois <ul><ul><li>American Liver Foundation, Illinois Chapter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biological Resource Center of Illinois </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gift of Hope Organ & Tissue Donor Network </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heartland Lions Eye Bank </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Illinois Coalition of Community Blood Centers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Illinois Eye-Bank </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Illinois Secretary of State Jesse White, Organ/Tissue Donor Program </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LifeSource Blood Center </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mid-America Transplant Services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Musculoskeletal Transplant Foundation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National Kidney Foundation of Illinois </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National Marrow Donor Program </li></ul></ul>
    4. 5. What we’ll talk about today <ul><li>Why the need for transplantation </li></ul><ul><li>How donation and transplantation works </li></ul><ul><li>What to do to become a donor </li></ul>
    5. 6. The need for transplantation <ul><ul><li>More than 4,800 in Illinois </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Every 13 minutes someone added to the transplant list (100+ people each day) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An average of 18 people die daily while waiting </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Many thousands more in need of life-restoring cornea and other tissue transplants </li></ul><ul><li>Yet a single donor can save and help 25 people or more </li></ul><ul><li>More than 98,000 Americans are waiting for lifesaving organ donors </li></ul>
    6. 7. Organ donation & the need
    7. 8. How do you get on the transplant waiting list? <ul><li>Diagnosed with disease leading to end-stage organ failure </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluated at the transplant center </li></ul><ul><li>Accepted as a transplant candidate </li></ul><ul><li>Registered with United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) </li></ul><ul><li>Added to the transplant waiting list </li></ul>
    8. 9. What organs can be transplanted? Chronic hepatitis Liver tumors Cirrhosis Hypertension Diabetes Polycystic kidney disease Chronic bronchitis Emphysema Cystic fibrosis Type 1 diabetes Heart disease - Congenital - Coronary - Hypertensive cardiomyopathy Short-bowel syndrome
    9. 10. Awaiting a liver transplant The diseased liver and a healthy liver Today, after the transplant
    10. 11. Tissues that can be donated Cornea/eye: restores sight for patients with corneal damage or disease Heart valve: replaces heart valve for patients with heart defects, infection or damage Bone: saves limbs or replaces joints for patients with bone cancer, bone fractures or degenerative diseases Soft tissue: repairs or restructures injured tendons and ligaments Vein: replaces femoral or saphenous veins for patients with vascular disease or diseased/blocked arteries—limb-saving measure Skin: grafts skin for patients with severe burns or surgical wounds—lifesaving measure
    11. 12. The gift of sight: Corneal transplant
    12. 13. Blood, bone marrow donation <ul><li>3 lives can be saved by one pint of blood </li></ul><ul><li>Every 3 seconds someone needs blood </li></ul><ul><li>6,000 men, women and children are waiting for a lifesaving bone marrow transplant </li></ul>
    13. 14. The organ donation process Match with possible recipients Referral and evaluation Brain Death Declared Discussion with family Life-saving efforts Dispatch to hospital Organ recovery
    14. 15. Brain Death Brain death All brain tissue is dead (irreversible damage) No blood flow to brain No brain activity
    15. 16. How organs are allocated <ul><li>Potential recipients are ranked by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Medical urgency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blood/tissue type </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Waiting time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Body size </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Location of recipient in relation to donor </li></ul></ul>
    16. 17. How long are organs viable? Heart Lungs Liver Pancreas Kidneys Intestine 4-6 hrs 4-6 hrs 12-18 hrs 36+ hrs 12-18 hrs 12-18 hrs
    17. 18. After the donation <ul><li>Transplant takes place at transplant hospital </li></ul><ul><li>Donor’s family receives follow-up information, including a general description of the recipients </li></ul><ul><li>Some donor families and recipients choose to correspond and eventually meet </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Confidential to protect everyone’s privacy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Identities released only if both sides agree </li></ul></ul></ul>
    18. 19. Transplants are successful <ul><li>More than 25,000 lifesaving transplant surgeries every year </li></ul><ul><li>Nearly 1 million life-restoring tissue transplants every year </li></ul><ul><li>On average more than 25 people can benefit from a single donor </li></ul>
    19. 20. If you choose to Donate Life <ul><li>Share your decision with your family </li></ul><ul><li>When you turn 18: Register in the Illinois Secretary of State’s Organ/Tissue Registry </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Driver’s Facilities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Online </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>By phone </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mail in donor registration card </li></ul></ul></ul>
    20. 21. The facts are . . . <ul><li>Registering to be a donor does not affect your medical care in an emergency. </li></ul><ul><li>Donation does not disfigure the body. </li></ul><ul><li>All major religions support donation. </li></ul><ul><li>There is no cost to you or your family if you become a donor. </li></ul>
    21. 22. The facts are . . . <ul><li>Organ allocation is blind to celebrity, wealth or factors other than medical urgency, body size, blood/tissue type, waiting time and location to the donor </li></ul><ul><li>There is no “black market” for organs in the US. </li></ul><ul><li>One donor can save or help more than 25 people. </li></ul><ul><li>Transplants work and save lives! </li></ul>
    22. 24. Donate Life Illinois www.donatelifeillinois.org 888/307-3668 For more information
    23. 25. Keratoconus <ul><li>Cone shaped cornea </li></ul><ul><li>Similar to looking through a bumpy piece of glass </li></ul><ul><li>Unknown cause </li></ul>
    24. 26. Acanthamoeba Keratitis <ul><li>Contact lens users </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention </li></ul><ul><li>Antibacterial drops </li></ul><ul><li>Corneal Transplant </li></ul>

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