Pinstrup-Andersen 10 Action Issues

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Prof Per Pinstrup-Andersen speaks on Food Security to 2050 - What are the biggest issues needing action and whose job is it

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Pinstrup-Andersen 10 Action Issues

  1. 1. Food Security to 2050: Action Issues Per Pinstrup-Andersen University of Adelaide February 13, 2012
  2. 2. Action Issue 1RhetoricDeclarationsPlans ActionTargets
  3. 3. What is “Food Security”?
  4. 4. Progress Towards Meeting the WFS Goal Globally 1100 1020 1000 842 923 925 900 863 848Millions 800 Data 700 91-04 600 WFS 500 421 400 Source: FAO 2006
  5. 5. Progress Towards Meeting the MDG Globally25%20% 20% 18% 17% 18% 17%15% 16% 16%10%5%0% 1990-92 1995-97 2000-02 2005-07 2008 2009 2010
  6. 6. Action Issue 2Speed up eradication of foodinsecurity and malnutrition.
  7. 7. The Triple Burden of Malnutrition1. Energy and protein deficiencies: Hunger2. Specific nutrient deficiencies: Hidden Hunger3. Excessive net energy intake: Overweight & Obesity
  8. 8. Action Issue 3 Incorporate nutrition goalsinto food system policies and programs.
  9. 9. Action Issue 4Use nutrition impact asindicator of success in economic policy.
  10. 10. Action Issue 5Manage food price volatility.
  11. 11. Maize Weekly Price Minus 12-Month Moving Average100 80 60 40 20 0-20-40-60-80
  12. 12. Rice Weekly Price Minus 12-Month Moving Average350300250200150100 50 0 -50-100-150
  13. 13. Wheat Weekly Price Minus 12-Month Moving Average150100 50 0 -50-100 1998 1999 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
  14. 14. Volatility in Weather Patterns IrregularDrought Flooding Rainfall Strong Winds Patterns Production Volatility
  15. 15. Action Issue 6Adapt the food system to climate change.
  16. 16. Priority Action (1) Agricultural research Risk management Production systems Water management
  17. 17. Production VolatilitySupply Responses SpeculationGovernment Policy Government PoliciesMarket Information Energy Prices Demand Changes Price Volatility
  18. 18. Action Issue 7Manage amplifying factors.
  19. 19. Priority Action (2) Infrastructure Institutional innovation Domestic and international markets Protect the effectiveness of price signals Promote effective price transmission Compensatory measures Alternative energy sources
  20. 20. Action Issue 8Expand food production to meet future demand.
  21. 21. Priority Action (3) Specific policy interventions context specific  Likely to include:  Infrastructure investments  Institutional innovation  Input and output market development  Pre- and post harvest focused research  Facilitation of small-scale agri-business
  22. 22. Action Issue 9Sustainable intensification.
  23. 23. Environmental Kuznets Curve
  24. 24. Hypothetical Relationships BetweenIncome and Deforestation/Soil Mining
  25. 25. Action Issue 10 Full costing
  26. 26. Hypothetical Relationships BetweenIncome and Deforestation/Soil Mining

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