Ubiquitous Open Source in Spain: How government, business and community work together
Free Software in Andalusia Guadalinex and Guadalinfo project Government, business and community – Guadalinex example – Guadalinfo accesible example
About Andalusia Southernmost region of continental Spain Sun, beaches, wines&foods … Free software! Junta de Andalucia is the Regional Government About 250.000 public employees
Free Software in Andalusia Prehistory Known to IT people since early 90s Mostly used on the server side Self training Transparent to the end user
Free Software in Andalusia Legal regulations (I) 2003 Decree for the impulse of Information Society: – Free software will be used in Public Schools – Free software will be used in Public Internet Access Centers – Use of free software by the citizens will be promoted and supported
Free Software in Andalusia Legal regulations (II) 2005 Order for the public availability of software owned by Junta de Andalucia – All custom made applications owned by Junta de Andalucia, present and future, will be free software.
Free Software in AndalusiaOpen Source World Conference 2004 Málaga 2005 Mérida 2006 Málaga 2007 Badajoz 2008 Málaga 2009 Cáceres 2010 Málaga, 27-28 October
Guadalinex Is the GNU/Linux distribution of Junta de Andalucia Based on Ubuntu (formerly based on Debian) Gnome as desktop, because: – Simplicity, compared to other desktops – Previous experience in Extremadura (GNU/LinEx) – Accesibility Agreement with ONCE (Spanish National Organization for the Blind) Base software to implement other projectsA nice penguin, Andatuz!
Guadalinex: by numbers Schools Internet centres– >300.000 desktops – 764 in small towns and– >2.000 public schools districts of bigger cities: Guadalinfo– >180.000 laptops for students and teachers – 635 public libraries– 100.000 more to be – 200 centers for elderly delivered in course people 2010/2011– Goal : >1.400.000 students in >4.000 schools
Guadalinex: new plans Analisys of requirements for an Administration Edition of Guadalinex (GEA), about to finish Small scale migrations to free software – Phase 1: On the same operating system – Phase 2: Deployment of GEA
Guadalinfo 2003-2008 Goals: – Bring Internet on < 10.000 people towns – Computer literacy – Digital training Results: – 634 Guadalinfo centers – 400.000 total registered users – About 40.000 distinct users every month
Guadalinfo 2009-2012 Goals: – Get andalusian population into the modern knowledge society – Remove the digital divide for the disabled or socially marginated people Results (by now): – 764 centers in < 20.000 towns and cities district with risk of social margination. – 550.000 registered people – 110.000 activities
Guadalinfo: Accessibility 2009-2012 objective In agreement with ONCE Guadalinfo as a accessibility lab: – Accessibility device kit – Intelligent a11y adaptation system
Guadalinfo: Accessibility Contributions to Community projects: – Improvement of ORCA – Enhancement of OCRFeeder and Evince – On screen keyboard Caribou and predictive text system Presage – And more to come ...
Government, business and CommunityCommunity way Government way Open devel. Model Only final product available Meritocracy matters Financial and workforce capacity matters Quality terms: Closed terms: – Functionality of interest – Budget – Needs of project – Roadmap – Hacking habilities – Requirements – Penalties
Government, business and CommunityCommunity matters: Needed Companies that: Third party improvements Understand opensource way Ease maintenance Relates with community Achieve amount of users Can fulfil government terms of contract Solve local problems, share solutions globally Willing to put the right hacker to do the job Willing to try getting work into upstream
Guadalinex example Tech Objectives: – Care of spanish citizens needs – Improvements over Ubuntu – Release at Ubuntu +45d Target community – Local citizenship – Ubuntu approach for upstreaming
Guadalinex example Consider: – Listen your local users – Work at upstream community forges – Sync community roadmap with yours Benefits: – Local citizenship will reveal what OSS lacks – Community will show what local work matters globally
Guadalinfo accesible example Tech Objectives: – Bug fix/Enhancements/Doc on Orca & OCRFeeder – Requests designed with ONCE – Upstream required to assure maintenance About the target community: – Gnome focused – Bugzilla and mailing list to collaborate – Manages their own roadmap
Guadalinfo accesible example Consider: – Gain credit first in order to be listened – Sync community roadmap with yours – Involve with community beyond your scope Benefits: – Community helps on design, coding and peer review – If useful, your work will be maintained by community
Conclusion Community means opportunity Private companies could ride with it A sustainable FLOSS industry appear Society breaks with private soft. habit Will this new culture drive the change?