1st video – ALL (2min46s)2nd video – ALL (2min35s)3rd video – 0:36 to the end (1min57s)Total = 7min18s
With 6540.32km2 width, 300km length. Capacity of 12924.43milion m3/yrWater usage is supported by the average number of 5819.62million m3/yr in normal condition and 3440.19million m3/yr in dry condition where Water is used for domestic, agriculture, animal husbandry and industryRiver condition is so severe that visitor can smell the river, even before seeing it. Instead of casting lures, fishermen row their boat through the floating garbage, foraging for old tires and trash that they can sell.
Dumping ground for domestic and industrial waste Heavily polluted by human activity with no aquatic life breathing beneath the floating wastes. Severely damaged by overuse and increasing industrial pollution. Citarum river has become a dumping ground for domestic and industrial waste for twenty yearsheavily polluted by the human activity with no aquatic life breathing beneath the floating wastes. severely damaged by But overuse and increasing industrial pollution The Asian Development Bank has approved a $500 million loan for cleaning up the riverIndonesian government has initiated an ambitious 15-year plan toclean up the Citarum RiverKnown as the Citarum Roadmap for shortencompasses 80 activities, from waterway management and environmental preservation, to disaster mitigation and community empowerment.several government bodies have started running their programsfirst of its kind project in terms of scale, and extensive involvement of various stakeholdersChallenge faced was that factories still dump their untreated waste in the river, polluting Citarum with heavy metals that will not be easy to remove.
Citarum River Presentation
ASSIGNMENT 2CITARUM RIVER
Scope0 Videos0 Background information0 Sources0 Current impact and impact on population0 Water parameters0 What has been done on ground level0 Conclusion
*One of the largest water shed in West Java Province*Source of life for people*Considered the world’s most polluted river *
• Urbanization• Water pollution by heavy metals, such as copper and lead, increases the health risk of humans who consume the fish.• Textile industries spilling out waste into canals which flows to the river• Pollutants Concentration: Two sizes of fish were collected from five sampling points around floating-cage area. The liver of the fish was found to contain the highest copper level, followed by gills, skin, and muscle. After 28 days exposure with 0.01 mg Cu/L, fish accumulated 21.53 mg Cu/kg dry wt, whereas for Pb exposure of 0.016 mg/L, fish accumulated up to 7 mg/kg dry wt. *
• Because of the pollution in the river, the fish population decreases• Fishermen get low amount of catch---> daily income drop• People have skin problems and infections after the textile industry was set up• Man washing plastic bag near textile industrial waste in the river because of the strong chemicals in the water -- it helps him do his job more effectively.• Industrial factories discharge heavy metals into the river• If more heavy metals are discharged, the outcome will be like the Minimata situation. *
•The Asian Development Bank is investing 500 million dollars into a joint project with the Indonesia government to clean the water caused by environmental problems such as flooding and deforestation•Over the next 15 years, they will address the issues of pollution, sanitation and environmental problems•Changing attitudes and behaviors towards the river is also key to saving the river, the environment and people’s lives.•What else should be done? Legislation Waste treatment system Examinations on existing industries and factories Water treatment plants Public education *
• Several things had been done to “clean the water”• In villages, the villagers use a very simple filtration of using socks as the filter media.• The filtrate is directly use for cleaning, cooking, shower and all kind of daily activity.• For drinking water, the only treatment is boiling.• Projects ongoing:- Community water services and health project- Metropolitan sanitation management and health project *
Cleaning Citarum :* Asian Development Bank has approved a loan for cleaning* 15-year plan to clean up Citarum* Known as the Citarum Road map* Encompasses 80 activities, from waterway management to community empowerment.* Several government bodies have started running their programs* Large scale project and extensive involvement of various stakeholders* However, factories still dump their untreated waste in the river, polluting Citarum with heavy metals *