The Legislative Process: Tips on Getting Advocacies Thru

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The Legislative Process: Tips on Getting Advocacies Thru
by Deputy Speaker of the House of Representative
Rep. Lorenzo "Erin" R. Tañada III

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The Legislative Process: Tips on Getting Advocacies Thru

  1. 1. Deputy Speaker Lorenzo “Erin” R. Tañada III
  2. 2. <ul><li>Knowing the terrain </li></ul><ul><li>How a bill becomes a law </li></ul><ul><li>Elements of a good lobby work </li></ul><ul><li>“ What ifs…” </li></ul><ul><li>Precautions about lobby work </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>There are 283 members of the House of Representatives, 23 Senators </li></ul><ul><li>There are 58 Regular Standing Committees and 11 Special Committees in the HOR </li></ul><ul><li>There are 37 Regular Standing Committees in the Senate </li></ul>
  4. 5. Distribution of District Representatives by Political Party 15 th Congress Total number of District Representatives = 228 Of the 228 Representatives, 36% are Liberal Party members while 31% belong to the Lakas-Kampi bloc.
  5. 6. <ul><li>Return of ‘veteran congressmen’ e.g. Raul Daza of Northern Samar, Carlos Padilla of Nueva Vizcaya, Salvador Escudero III of Sorsogon, Georgidi Aggabao of Isabela </li></ul><ul><li>Former governors, vice governors or mayors e.g. Antonio Kho (Masbate), Al Francis Bicharra (Albay), Pablo Garcia (Cebu), Orlando Fua Sr. (Siquijor), Pedro Romualdo (Camiguin), Eleandro Jesus Madrona (Romblon), Thelma Almario (Davao Oriental), Amado Bagatsing (Manila), Neptali “Boyet” Gonzales II (Mandaluyong), Carmelo Lazatin (Angeles City), Jules Ledesma (Negros Occidental), Magtanggol Guinigundo Jr. (Valenzuela), Rufus Rodriguez (Cagayan de Oro) </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>Father-son/mother-son Tandems – Angara, Escudero, Marcos </li></ul><ul><li>Siblings in the Senate </li></ul><ul><li>Military/military background in the Senate </li></ul><ul><li>Showbiz people in the Senate </li></ul><ul><li>Razor sharp senators now becoming blunt/bland </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>Title </li></ul><ul><li>Declaration of Policy </li></ul><ul><li>Sections (definition of terms, scope, etc.) ‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriation (as needed) ‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Transitory Provisions (as needed) ‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Separability and Repealing Clauses </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>First Reading </li></ul><ul><li>Committee Consideration (public hearings, TWGs, bill finalization  com report)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Second Reading </li></ul><ul><ul><li>period of sponsorship and debates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>sponsorship speech </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>interpellation & debates </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>turno en contra </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Second Reading </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Period of Amendments </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Committee Amendments </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Individual Amendments </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Approval on Second Reading </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Third Reading </li></ul><ul><li>Transmittal to the Senate </li></ul><ul><li>Bicam </li></ul><ul><li>Ratification of Bicam by both Chambers </li></ul><ul><li>Enrolled Bill </li></ul><ul><li>Presidential Action (veto, sign or if </li></ul><ul><li>untouched for 30 days, it lapses into law) ‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Publication </li></ul><ul><li>IRR </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>R & R &R </li></ul><ul><li>Get yourself invited </li></ul><ul><li>Good talkers, not lecturers </li></ul><ul><li>Media Work </li></ul><ul><li>Deliver your message simply </li></ul><ul><li>Pick your “pet” legislator </li></ul><ul><li>Win the support of the opposition as well </li></ul><ul><li>Draw in technical staff </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>Categorize but don’t patronize </li></ul><ul><li>Talk to VIPs </li></ul><ul><li>Bicam </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t forget Malacañang and the Church </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>Killer amendments </li></ul><ul><li>Rider provisions </li></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>Your bill is being disregarded by the </li></ul><ul><li>Committee where it is being referred to? </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>motion to discharge a committee (Rule X, Section 49) ‏ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Your bill has been reported out but </li></ul><ul><li>remains in the “Calendar of Unassigned </li></ul><ul><li>Business” </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>need UNANIMOUS approval of the House to move it to the “Business for the Day” (rule XI, Section 78) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>Somebody refuses to end his </li></ul><ul><li>interpellation and asks all sorts of </li></ul><ul><li>questions – “filibustering” </li></ul><ul><li>Your bill was passed by one chamber </li></ul><ul><li>and remains unacted upon by the other </li></ul><ul><li>and that particular Congress ended? </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>sorry…you will be back to square one come next Congress </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 17. <ul><li>Getting it signed by a legislator doesn’t seal </li></ul><ul><li>it! </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid APT, sometimes if it’s a bit </li></ul><ul><li>controversial, it’s best to keep it “under the </li></ul><ul><li>radar” </li></ul><ul><li>Shall we have a MOB? (As in mobilization?) ‏ </li></ul><ul><li>It can be frustrating  </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain a positive attitude  </li></ul>

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