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Future of biomedical instrumentation

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Future of biomedical instrumentation

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Future of biomedical instrumentation

  1. 1. Fida Muhammad(2012-BM-083) Naeem Sheikh(2012-BM-066)
  2. 2.  Biomedical Instrumentation is the field of creating such instruments that help us to measure, record and transmit data to or from the body.
  3. 3.  Future of Bioinstrumentation is very bright. Day by day new ideas are researched and implemented. Such as; ◦ harnessing the power of the body to power devices ◦ bringing more advanced prosthetics ◦ new methods of diagnosis and treatment of diseases and problems which were not there before. ◦ Etc.
  4. 4.     A brain is an organ that coordinates all body functions while the mind is capable of thought. The brain serves as the secondary conscience and the mind as primary conscience, thus its ability to sense and execute decisions. The relationship between the Brain and mind is like that of Computer Hardware and Software. To make mind control possible we first need the necessary tools and understanding
  5. 5.  Understanding all the brain  Instrumentation ◦ All the functions carried out by the brain are broadly understood now, we still do not know with accuracy the whole processes involved in making memories, the pathway taken to establish and then carry out our thoughts into actions. ◦ To receive data from brain methods exist such as;    Electro Encephalography (EEG) Positron Emission Tomography (PET) functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) ◦ Next, for transmitting information to the brain, we would need instruments that could directly contact the responsible areas.  This could be by nanotechnology which makes contacting the areas responsible for memory and thought processes by exciting the appropriate areas to produce desired response.
  6. 6.   Brain hacking refers the possibility to attack the human brain to extract sensitive information such as data and memories, including also the capability to inject new information. the art of technology allow to perceive changes in the magnetic field related to brain activity making possible reading of people’s thoughts.
  7. 7.     Design a Device that can detect the brain’s electrical activity from the surface of the scalp the hardware composed by a (an EEG; an electroencephalograph) equipped with a series of sensors that are placed directly on the human scalp. the software designed to interpret brain activity signals through this device we can able to access to sensitive data in the human brain. Block Diagram .
  8. 8.  Lack privacy, danger to people by mind control, expensive, far in the future. ◦ If mind reading is possible, people wont have privacy or freedom ◦ It has great dangers if it would be in the wrong hands, such as people could be made to do things against there will. ◦ Something like a means to understand and input information to and from brain will require instrumentation which would be expensive ◦ It is a thing of the far future as the mind is extremely complex
  9. 9.  Understanding of physiology & Function ◦ With such technology, understanding the brain working and the connections between different areas would become infinitely better  Diagnosis ◦ Many of the psychological disorders have the problem of not having a reliable and biological test for diagnosis. At the moment many problems such as Bipolar disorder is left undiagnosed in many cases, for years, because the method of diagnosis right now is very vague, like a series of questions, which are not very accurate. Mind reading will bring a much better method of diagnosis.
  10. 10.  Communicating with electronics  Treatment  Other ◦ Using this, we could get devices such as computers to work by translating the desired actions straight from our mind. Such as searching a particular topic on the internet. ◦ Not only psychological disorders, but treating psychological traumas from accidents can be treated by this. ◦ Other areas it can be used for is in for creating better methods of entertainment. ◦ It could be used in education, and thus used for not only bringing about equality but also bringing a larger productive age range for society which would otherwise take years of education. ◦ Communication between all people will be easier, and thoughts can become like a universal language.
  11. 11.       People may live in smart houses equipped with sensors to monitor the status of their general health Everyone may have access to regular non-invasive screenings to detect disease as early as possible Efficient noninvasive sensor-based procedures may also monitor and evaluate cardiovascular and musculoskeletal system health. The treatment which the patient receives will be determined by computer Internal and external sensors will be able to continuously measure response to treatment The doctors and all the other medical staff will have access to clinical data through hand-held wireless personal digital assistants.
  12. 12.    Post-operative assistive and rehabilitation technologies, such as artificial limbs and wheelchairs, will be greatly advanced, enabling patients full range of mobility and sensation. With sensors in the home and access to a "cyberphysician", many routine office visits may be eliminated. Via telemedicine, regardless of distance and the availability of medical specialists on site, this will become essential elements in the health services of the twenty-first century, particularly in rural areas and developing countries In addition to imaging models, and signal processing, will be used to build models of, for example, how cells communicate and how they regulate the production of different proteins. Once the way in which cells function is known, it may be possible to grow replacement organs and other body parts from an individual's own genom
  13. 13.   If surgical intervention should be necessary, it will be performed by image-guided robotic instruments, which will be programmed and run by surgeons perhaps not even in the same room. There seems to be no limit to what engineering could do further to revolutionize medical practice. In fact, the next generation of biomedical engineers will probably develop things we can’t even yet imagine. The achievement of these objectives will require the development of better techniques for accessing the diseased
  14. 14.  When thinking of the future Biomedical instrumentation will have, we can be sure that it will have an important role in bringing about a better understanding and ways to communicate with the brain.

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