International Mining Congress

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FMC's Brian Abraham presents a historical overview of mining in British Columbia, as well as relevant legislation, and covers topics related to mineral titles online.

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International Mining Congress

  1. 1. International Mining CongressPresented by: Brian AbrahamOctober 29, 2009 1
  2. 2. Historical Overview• Spanish explorers late 1600s, early 1700s• English explorers mid 1700s 2
  3. 3. Map of Canada 3
  4. 4. Map of British Columbia 4
  5. 5. Map of Gulf Islands 5
  6. 6. Historical Overview• August 1858 colony of British Columbia formed• 1871 British Columbia joins the Dominion of Canada• Crown Grants• Mineral Crown Grants 6
  7. 7. Historical Overview• 1860 Mining Act• 1888 an Act to encourage coal mining• 1970s Canada goes metric• Units of 500 metres x 500 metres or 25 hectares• Assessment work ‐ $4.00 per hectare in first three years, $8.00  per hectare thereafter 7
  8. 8. Historical Overview• Distinction between placer minerals and lode minerals• Mineral Tenure Act• Coal Act• Petroleum and Natural Gas Act• Grid system 8
  9. 9. Historical Overview• Map Staking System – MTO – Mineral Titles On Line• Free Miners Certificate• January 12, 2005 – MTO goes live• Grid system – 49th parallel – 21.19 hectares – 60th parallel – 16.19 hectares 9
  10. 10. Historical Overview• Staking from electronic terminals• Mining lease requirements• Database for mineral deposits 10
  11. 11. Mineral Titles Online 11
  12. 12. Mineral Titles Online 12
  13. 13. Mineral Titles Online 13
  14. 14. Mineral Titles Online 14
  15. 15. Statue and Implementation• Chief Gold Commissioner• Mediation and Arbitration Board• January 2002 announcement of MTO to be adopted• Consultation with industry 15
  16. 16. MTO• Mineral Tenure Advisory Group• Map selection not unique to British Columbia• Process to acquire mineral tenures• A claim may consist of up to 25 cells• January 12, 2005 MTO becomes effective 16
  17. 17. National Instrument 43‐101• Response to frauds in mining• Review and update currently underway 17
  18. 18. Brian E. Abrahambrian.abraham@fmc‐law.com +1 604 443 7134 18

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