Chapter 9<br />Urinary System<br />
(KUB)<br />Stands for kidney , ureter, bladder<br />term used in a radiographic examination to determine the location, siz...
(UTI)<br />Known as Urinary Tract Infection<br />a bacterial infection that affects any part of the urinary tract.<br />Yo...
What causes UTI?<br />The two most common causes of this are poor hygiene and sexual intercourse. <br />Another cause of b...
Symptoms<br />pain or burning during urination <br />frequent urination <br />the sensation of not being able to hold urin...
Treatment<br />cranberry herbal supplements <br />Azo-Standard <br />500 IU Vitamin C <br />
(ARF)<br />Acute renal failure means that your kidneys have suddenly stopped working. <br />Your kidneys remove waste prod...
What causes Acute Renal Failure?<br />sudden, serious drop in blood flow to the kidneys. Not enough fluid in the body (deh...
Symptoms<br />Little or no urine when you urinate. <br />Swelling, especially in your legs and feet. <br />Not feeling lik...
Treatments<br />Limit your salt intake <br />Watch your potassium intake <br />Watch your phosphorus intake <br />
(CRF)<br />Chronic renal failure is a progressive disease characterized by an increasing inability of the  kidney to maint...
What causes Chronic Renal Failure?<br />There are many possible causes of CRF including; <br />Infections <br />Hereditary...
Symptoms<br />Weakness<br />Shortness of breath<br />Inability to excrete potassium and rising potassium levels in the ser...
Treatments<br />Fluids<br /> Phosphorus binders<br /> Prescription diet <br />High blood pressure (hypertension <br />Anta...
      1. Acute renal failure 2.Normal kidney3.Chronic renal failure<br />
(BUN)<br />Blood Urea Nitrogen test measures the amount of nitrogen in your blood that comes from the waste product urea. ...
Why It Is Done <br />See if your kidneys are working normally <br />See if your kidney disease is getting worse <br />See ...
How It Is Done<br />The health professional drawing blood will: <br />Wrap an elastic band around your upper arm to stop t...
Chapter 9
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Chapter 9

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Chapter 9

  1. 1. Chapter 9<br />Urinary System<br />
  2. 2. (KUB)<br />Stands for kidney , ureter, bladder<br />term used in a radiographic examination to determine the location, size, shape, and malformation of the kidneys, ureters, and bladder. <br />Stones and calcified areas may be detected.<br />
  3. 3.
  4. 4. (UTI)<br />Known as Urinary Tract Infection<br />a bacterial infection that affects any part of the urinary tract.<br />Your urinary system is composed of the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra. <br />Any part of your urinary system can become infected, but most infections involve the lower urinary tract — the urethra and the bladder. <br />
  5. 5. What causes UTI?<br />The two most common causes of this are poor hygiene and sexual intercourse. <br />Another cause of bladder infections or UTI is waiting too long to urinate. <br />Loss of estrogen and changes in the vagina after menopause. <br />Anything that makes it hard to completely empty your bladder, like a kidney stone. <br />
  6. 6. Symptoms<br />pain or burning during urination <br />frequent urination <br />the sensation of not being able to hold urine <br />the sensation of not being able to urinate easily or completely <br />Cloudy, bad-smelling, or bloody urine <br />Lower abdominal pain<br />
  7. 7. Treatment<br />cranberry herbal supplements <br />Azo-Standard <br />500 IU Vitamin C <br />
  8. 8.
  9. 9. (ARF)<br />Acute renal failure means that your kidneys have suddenly stopped working. <br />Your kidneys remove waste products and help balance water and salt and other minerals (electrolytes) in your blood. <br />When your kidneys stop working, waste products, fluids, and electrolytes build up in your body. <br />
  10. 10. What causes Acute Renal Failure?<br />sudden, serious drop in blood flow to the kidneys. Not enough fluid in the body (dehydration) also can harm the kidneys .<br />Damage from some medicines, poisons, or infections <br />A sudden blockage that stops urine from flowing out of the kidneys<br />
  11. 11. Symptoms<br />Little or no urine when you urinate. <br />Swelling, especially in your legs and feet. <br />Not feeling like eating. <br />Nausea and vomiting. <br />Feeling confused, anxious and restless, or sleepy. <br />Pain in the back just below the rib cage. This is called flank pain. <br />Some people may not have any symptoms <br />
  12. 12. Treatments<br />Limit your salt intake <br />Watch your potassium intake <br />Watch your phosphorus intake <br />
  13. 13. (CRF)<br />Chronic renal failure is a progressive disease characterized by an increasing inability of the kidney to maintain normal low levels of:<br />protein metabolism (such as urea) <br />normal blood pressure  <br />hematocrit <br />sodium <br />water <br />potassium <br />acid-base balance <br />
  14. 14. What causes Chronic Renal Failure?<br />There are many possible causes of CRF including; <br />Infections <br />Hereditary or congenital abnormalities <br />Kidney tumours <br />Infectious diseases, especially FIP & FeLV <br />Prolonged exposure to toxins <br />Nephritis & nephrosis <br />Polycystic kidney disease<br />
  15. 15. Symptoms<br />Weakness<br />Shortness of breath<br />Inability to excrete potassium and rising potassium levels in the serum <br />Rising urea levels in the blood <br />Loss of appetite<br />
  16. 16. Treatments<br />Fluids<br /> Phosphorus binders<br /> Prescription diet <br />High blood pressure (hypertension <br />Antacids & anti nausea medication <br />Erythropoeitine<br />
  17. 17. 1. Acute renal failure 2.Normal kidney3.Chronic renal failure<br />
  18. 18. (BUN)<br />Blood Urea Nitrogen test measures the amount of nitrogen in your blood that comes from the waste product urea. <br />A BUN test is done to see how well your kidneys are working.<br />
  19. 19. Why It Is Done <br />See if your kidneys are working normally <br />See if your kidney disease is getting worse <br />See if treatment of your kidney disease is working <br />
  20. 20. How It Is Done<br />The health professional drawing blood will: <br />Wrap an elastic band around your upper arm to stop the flow of blood. This makes the veins below the band larger so it is easier to put a needle into the vein. <br />Clean the needle site with alcohol.<br />Put the needle into the vein. More than one needle stick may be needed. <br />Attach a tube to the needle to fill it with blood. <br />Remove the band from your arm when enough blood is collected. <br />Put a gauze pad or cotton ball over the needle site as the needle is removed. <br />Put pressure to the site and then a bandage.<br />

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