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Discovering China Slide Show

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  1. 1. Discovering ChinaA view of China taken from a satellite located 35,785 km directly above China at the latitudeof 47 N, and longitude 117 E.
  2. 2. North, South , East, West Click on Red Stars to visitNatural barriers isolated China from all other civilizations. China’s natural barriers Mongolian Plateau Taklimakan Desert Gobi Desert Plateau of Tibet Pacific Ocean Himalaya Mountains
  3. 3. China: Cultivating the Land Click Red Stars to find more information.China is geographically divided into two parts. Outer China is a sparselysettled region of high mountains, plateaus, steppes, and deserts. AgriculturalChina is where 95% of the Chinese people live.Under Communist rule, China’sagricultural land and farmers were Collective Farmingorganized in to collective farms in anattempt to increase agriculturalproduction. Can China Feed Itself?
  4. 4. China: Size and Population Click Red Stars to find more information. China United States 9,596,960 Square area 9,629,091 Square area 1,284,303,705 Population 280,562,489 PopulationThe population of China is more that one billion people, the largest nationalgroup in the world. Two-thirds of the Chinese people are farmers, but only4% of China’s land can be cultivated. In an effort to balance the relationship between US Agricultural land and people, China adopted a “one-couple, Production one-child” policy in the 1980’s.
  5. 5. China: Ruling the People Rulers of the Middle Kingdom Voyage Through the DynastiesDynasties: Ancient China was governed by a ruling class of warrior noblesheaded by a king. Ruling families are referred to as dynasties. The ShangDynasty (1766 BC) was the first verifiable dynasty and ruled China for 600years. The Shang dynasty was overthrown by Zhou who established adynasty and introduced the idea of the Mandate of Heaven.The Han dynasty centralized the Chinese government and established abureaucracy which included eighteen different ranks of civil service jobsthat civilians obtained by taking competitive examinations.1911-1949 The Republic of China was established under the leadership ofSun Yat-sen1949- The Republic of China moved to the island of Taiwan1949 –The People’s Republic of China came to power under theCommunist leader Mao Zedong. History of China
  6. 6. China: Philosophy and Religion AnalectsConfucius was addressed as The Masterall over China. His teachings were basedon virtue and goodness. Confuciusbelieved that the past tells us how to live inthe present. His sayings were recorded ina book called The Analects.Other Chinese philosophies include Taoism ( Daoism) and LegalismBuddhism spread to China fromIndia.
  7. 7. China: Development of Writing Oracle Bones The earliest examples of Chinese writing are found on oracle bones. Shang dynasty rulers consulted the gods through the use of oracle bones, animal bones and tortoise shells on which priests scratched questions for the gods. The priest applied a hot poker to the bones which cracked and then interpreted the cracks to see how the gods answered the question.Chinese Writing The Chinese writing system is not alphabetic like English. It used symbols for words called characters.Read a Chinese Each character stands for an idea, not a sound. Thenewspaper. characters are read vertically in columns (down and up). The written language is not linked to the spokenWrite your name language, so people all over China could learn the samein Chinese. system of writing, even if they spoke different languages.
  8. 8. China: Technology Ancient Chinese Inventions Bronze SilkDuring the Shang dynasty, Silk cloth was made by drawingChinese artisans learned the fine threads from the cocoonto make beautiful objects of a silkworm, spinning the fiberfrom bronze to be used in into yarn, and weaving them intoreligious ceremonies. fabric. IronAncient Chinese learnedhow to build blastfurnaces that allowedthem to produce cast ironused for weapons andagricultural tools such asthe mold board plow.
  9. 9. China: Taiwan, Another Chinese Country Taiwans 400 Years of History The island of Taiwan is located about one hundred and twenty five miles off the southern coast of China. Around 1590, Dutch navigator Jan Huygen van Linschoten called the island "Ilha Formosa" or beautiful island. For the next four centuries the island was called Formosa. Republic of China Era Used by permission of The General Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin. After the Communist regime under Mao Zedong, took over mainland China in 1949, Nationalist Joint Typhoon Chinese government led by Chiang Kai-shek Warning Center fled to Taiwan which is called The Republic ofDuring the summer months, China.Taiwan is struck bytyphoons, huge tropical Check the weather in Taipei, capital of Taiwan.storms with high winds.
  10. 10. China: Economic Development Four ModernizationsAfter the death of Mao Zedong in 1976, China adopted a plan ofmodernization, The Four Modernizations. Under the newleadership of Deng Xiaoping, China wanted to improveagricultural production, update and expand industry, modernizeits army, and import foreign science and technology.At the 16th National Congress of the Communist Party, theNational Peoples Congress of China elected President HuJintao to succeed President Jiang Zemin. March 15, 2003 Deng Xiaoping 1904-1997 President Hu Jintao movesZhongnanhai, Beijing Headquarters of Communist Party China toward capitalism
  11. 11. Discovering China©Discovering China: Designed by Martha Green, MEd. Office of International Outreach Texas A& M University For Educational Use Only