Born July 30, 1863
Loved tinkering with
things as a kid
Idol was Thomas Edison
Did not go to college
Married Clara Bryant in
Died April 7, 1947
In 1891, Ford became an engineer with the Edison
Illuminating Company, and after his promotion to
Chief Engineer in 1893, he had enough time and
money to devote attention to his personal
experiments on gasoline engines.
In 1896 with the competition of his own he
built a self propelled vehicle the Quadricycle.
The car had four wire wheels and was steered
with a tiller like a boat.
It had only two forward speeds and no
reverse. It had two cylinders and was a 4
His experiments culminated in 1896 with the
completion of his own self-propelled vehicle
named the Ford Quadricycle, which he test-drove
on June 4.
In1903,June 16, Ford & Malcomson was
reincorporated as the Ford Motor Company.
Henry Ford set out to build a
car which everyone could
afford to buy.
It was slow, ugly and
difficult to drive, and was
nick-named the ‘Tin Lizzie’
by the American people.
• Predated the moving
assembly line at Ford
• First introduced September
• Was produced until 1927
• Was the bestselling car for
• Had the steering wheel
on the left
• Engine and transmission
were entirely enclosed
• Cylinders were in a
• Suspension used two
• Had a top
• Had a windshield
• Had a speedometer
• Had headlamps
• Had a generator for the
• Engine was front mounted
• Engine had 4 cylinders
• Had 20 horsepower
• Tank held 10 gallons
• Had rear wheel drive
• Top speed was 40-45
• Got 13-21 miles/gallon
• Ran on gas or ethanol
The attraction of the Model
T Ford was that its price
Costing $1200 in 1909, the
price in 1928 was only
By 1929 Ford was
producing more than one
car per minute.
Ford was able to sell cars cheaply because they
were mass-produced and every part was
Standardised (only one color and one engine size
By producing large numbers of cars on an
Assembly Line Ford needed fewer skilled
workers, and that cut the cost of paying wages.
Ford invented the idea of using an Assembly Line
to speed up production.
‘… each man and each machine do
only one thing ... the thing is to keep
everything in motion and take the
work to the man not the man to the
work’ Henry Ford 1925
Mass productions &
Standardisation lead to
increased car sales.
parts are needed
More jobs are
created in other
More people with
jobs means that they
can afford to buy a
Jobs in Diners,
Motels & Gas
Car production used up 20% of America's steel,
80% of her rubber, 75% of her plate glass and
65% of her leather.
By the end of the 1920s American cars used
seven billion gallons of petrol a year.
This helped to create jobs in the oil industry
and made the oil state of Texas rich.
In 1929, there were 81,000 men working in this one factory