Henry Ford

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Henry Ford

  1. 1. Born July 30, 1863 Loved tinkering with things as a kid Idol was Thomas Edison Did not go to college Married Clara Bryant in 1888 Died April 7, 1947
  2. 2. In 1891, Ford became an engineer with the Edison Illuminating Company, and after his promotion to Chief Engineer in 1893, he had enough time and money to devote attention to his personal experiments on gasoline engines.
  3. 3. In 1896 with the competition of his own he built a self propelled vehicle the Quadricycle. The car had four wire wheels and was steered with a tiller like a boat. It had only two forward speeds and no reverse. It had two cylinders and was a 4 cycle motor.
  4. 4. His experiments culminated in 1896 with the completion of his own self-propelled vehicle named the Ford Quadricycle, which he test-drove on June 4. In1903,June 16, Ford & Malcomson was reincorporated as the Ford Motor Company.
  5. 5. Henry Ford set out to build a car which everyone could afford to buy. It was slow, ugly and difficult to drive, and was nick-named the ‘Tin Lizzie’ by the American people.
  6. 6. • Predated the moving assembly line at Ford • First introduced September 27, 1908 • Was produced until 1927 • Was the bestselling car for 20 years
  7. 7. • Had the steering wheel on the left • Engine and transmission were entirely enclosed • Cylinders were in a block • Suspension used two semi-elliptic springs
  8. 8. • Had a top • Had a windshield • Had a speedometer • Had headlamps • Had a generator for the headlamps • Engine was front mounted
  9. 9. • Engine had 4 cylinders • Had 20 horsepower • Tank held 10 gallons • Had rear wheel drive • Top speed was 40-45 miles/hour • Got 13-21 miles/gallon • Ran on gas or ethanol
  10. 10. The attraction of the Model T Ford was that its price never increased. Costing $1200 in 1909, the price in 1928 was only $295. By 1929 Ford was producing more than one car per minute.
  11. 11. Ford was able to sell cars cheaply because they were mass-produced and every part was Standardised (only one color and one engine size were available). By producing large numbers of cars on an Assembly Line Ford needed fewer skilled workers, and that cut the cost of paying wages.
  12. 12. Ford invented the idea of using an Assembly Line to speed up production.
  13. 13. ‘… each man and each machine do only one thing ... the thing is to keep everything in motion and take the work to the man not the man to the work’ Henry Ford 1925
  14. 14. Car Industry Mass productions & Standardisation lead to increased car sales. More Standardised parts are needed More jobs are created in other industries. Steel Glass Rubber Leather More people with jobs means that they can afford to buy a car! Jobs in Diners, Motels & Gas Stations. More Oil is used. More roads are built.
  15. 15. Car production used up 20% of America's steel, 80% of her rubber, 75% of her plate glass and 65% of her leather. By the end of the 1920s American cars used seven billion gallons of petrol a year. This helped to create jobs in the oil industry and made the oil state of Texas rich.
  16. 16. In 1929, there were 81,000 men working in this one factory
  17. 17. The End

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