By the age of 7, Chopin had
composed two Polonaises. The
child prodigy was featured in the
Warsaw newspapers, and he
became the attraction at receptions
given by aristocrats in and around
Chopin gave his first piano recital
at the age of 8 at the Warsaw
Chopin preferred intimate settings for a recital, like the home of
Count and Countess Radziwil, as he didn't like large concert halls.
When visiting Vienna, he heard
about an uprising in Warsaw, and
decided not to return to Poland.
He stayed in Vienna after which
he visited Munich and Stuttgart
Germany, where he learned of
Poland's occupation by the Russian
At the age of 20, and already
composed many works for the
piano, Chopin moved to Paris.
In Paris, Chopin formed
friendships with Franz Lizst,
Hector Berlioz, Felix Mendelssohn
and Vincenzo Bellini.
In 1838, Chopin was already very
ill with tuberculosis.
He had to give private classes and
perform in public to support
himself, leaving little time for what
he really wanted to do... compose
for the piano.
His friend Eugene Delacroix
painted this portrait.
In 1836, at a party hosted by
Countess Marie d'Agoult, fiancee
of composer Franz Liszt, Chopin
met Baroness Dudevant, better
known by her pseudonym George
Sand, the writer.
Baroness Dudevant fell in love with
Chopin and wanted to take care of
him so that his health would improve.
They spent long summers at her
country estate "Nohant."
Chopin spent 1838 to 1847 in Nohant,
where his health improved considerably.
In 1845, problems emerged in
Chopin's relationship with the
Baroness. This caused deterioration
in his health. These problems
eventually brought an end to
their relationship in 1847.
In 1847, Chopin gave concerts in
England and Scotland even though he
was severely ill.
He returned to Paris in 1848 but was
gravely ill but was unable to teach or
His sister Ludwika came from Poland
to care for him. He died in his home
on October 17, 1848.
Shortly before his death.
Cast of Chopin's right hand and his death mask. Nearly 3,000
people attended his funeral at The Church of the Madeleine in
Paris. By his requesy, Mozart's Requiem was sung at his funeral.
Chopin was buried in the
Pere Lachaise cemetery in
Paris. Because he has a fear
of being buried alive, his
heart was removed and sent
in an urn to Warsaw.
There it was sealed in a
pillar in the Church of the
Holy Cross. His grave
attracts many visitors and is
always decorated with
This is the pillar in the
Church of the Holy Cross in
Warsaw where the urn with
Chopin's heart is buried.