History of Streetcar Tranportation in PA


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History of Streetcar Tranportation in PA

  1. 1. History of Streetcar Transportation in PA Laura Wells
  2. 2. History in the making • Horse cars were the first form of public transit within cities. • The earliest horse car line was built in 1828 in Baltimore, Maryland. • Horses are slow and expensive as a form of power. • In larger cities horsecars were replaced by cable cars, or elevated steam trains. • Horsecar lines were prominent in cities until Frank J. Sprague‟s invention of the overhead wire and motor mount in 1887. • The Sarah Street line in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, was the last regularly operated transit line operated with horse cars in the United States, running until October 27,1923.
  3. 3. Frank J. Sprague “The father of electric traction” • Invented the overhead wire and motor mount combination. • Created the first completely successful electric railway system in Richmond Virginia. (1887-88)
  4. 4. How Trolleys Work
  5. 5. Early Streetcars Many people know what a “Trolley” is by the popular TV show Mr. Roger’s Neighborhood; although the proper name is a “Streetcar” or “Electric streetcar” Early trolleys were not much different from their predecessors. They were small, with only 1 truck (wheel and axle set) and as such could not carry a large passenger load.
  6. 6. Growth years As trolleys became more popular, companies began to focus on developing greater capacity streetcars. •Built in 1898 for Pittsburgh railways company. •Example of an early “double truck” streetcar. •Longer and wider •Could carry a larger payload then their single truck predecessors.
  7. 7. Increasing capacity To further increase capacity of streetcars during the boom in the teens and twenties, streetcar companies began operating trains of cars. In addition to that they built “double-decker” cars, which doubled capacity all in one car.
  8. 8. Evolution of the Trolley City cars: Trolleys that ran within cities or their suburbs. West Penn Railways “Summer Pittsburgh Car” Railways Low-floor car. Company High-floor car. Johnstown Traction Company
  9. 9. Evolution of the Trolley Interurban: Trolleys that ran between towns and cities. Jersey Shore and Antes Fort Railway Harmony line Wooden Interurban Baggage car. West Penn Railways Steel interurban
  10. 10. Evolution of the Trolley Streamliners: Modernized trolleys first seen in the late 1930s early 40s. Better known as PCC cars. Pat Transit‟s “The Terrible Trolley” Last PCCs in Pittsburgh retired from service in 1999.
  11. 11. Evolution of the Trolley Light-rail: The newest generation of trolley transportation. A new Pittsburgh LRV (Light-rail Vehicle). This is known as a “Almond joy car” because of the bumps on the roof.
  12. 12. Evolution of the Trolley More then just the terrible trolley. Companies painted cars as adds to earn extra money, or just to catch the public eye. Add Cars
  13. 13. Demise of the Trolley Era As cars became more popular and more available to the average American, trolley companies began a downward spiral. Trolleys were stacked and burned to strip the metal bare.
  14. 14. What Once Was Trolleys truly were everywhere. In the teens and twenties it was possible to ride trolleys from Pittsburgh and get all the way to Illinois (with a lot of transfers in-between).
  15. 15. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eIGHcHeZwrw&fe ature=related http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IcaBqkFIL0c
  16. 16. Going Local
  17. 17. Roofing Style
  18. 18. Seating Style
  19. 19. Air Hand Brake Handle Gauge Brake Key Power Horn Operator‟s Seat
  20. 20. Hand controls
  21. 21. Fair Box Dead Man Accelerator Brake
  22. 22. Work Cars This is what‟s called a “Crane car.” It‟s outfitted with a boom that can lift an assortment of materials, including track, line poles and do so while staying under the trolley wire.
  23. 23. Work Cars This work car is called a “Line car.” The roof is insulated so that workers can safely work on the 600V DC overhead wire.
  24. 24. Work Cars This is a side dump car the whole deck of the car tips to unload the rocks or „ballast‟ onto the side of the tracks.
  25. 25. Work cars This is a “Gondola dump car.” The gondola is filled with rocks that are then dumped down the center of the track from the spreaders in the center of the car. Spreaders
  26. 26. Work Cars This is a “Snow sweeper.” During the winter trolleys had to be able to keep running to stay on schedule, these cars were equipped with large spinning brooms on the front that blasted snow off of the track.
  27. 27. Sources 1. http://www.topsoft.be/photoblog/?p=27 2. http://davesrailpix.com/phila/jpg/phil142.jpg 3. http://einhornpress.com/ParkersburgInterurbantrolleysandstreetca rs.aspx 4. http://www.railroadiana.org/info/pgWestPenn.php 5. http://eldorapark.com/trolley/era-forward.htm 6. http://www.trolleystop.com/trolleycar.htm 7. http://www.mcnallysrailroadcollectables.com/prc-scans.html 8. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horsecar 9. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Streetcar 10. http://www.pa-trolley.org 11. http://sites.google.com/site/armstrongtrolley/photographs 12. http://www.cable-car-guy.com/html/cchorse.html