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==== ====It is easy peasy to purchase the only room temperature probiotic pill available world wide. ChooseUSA for world-w...
of bacteria, Lactobacillus or Bifidobacterium. Within each group, there are different species (forexample, Lactobacillus a...
This corresponds to an intake of about 3-1/2 cups of acidophilus milk or yogurt per day, formulatedat the typical level of...
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Antibiotics and Probiotics. Can They Live Together?


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Antibiotics and Probiotics. Can They Live Together?

  1. 1. ==== ====It is easy peasy to purchase the only room temperature probiotic pill available world wide. ChooseUSA for world-wide access: ===="Let food be thy medicine and medicine be thy food," the age-old adage by Hippocrates, iscertainly not an obscure and loose dogma of early antiquity but the tenet of today. The newgenerations relationship with food is a mess, with many youngsters accustomed to a processed,unbalanced diet. We have become reliant on ready-to-cook meals, takeaways and off-the-shelfsnacks. With poor nutrition comes poor health, often debilitating at a personal level and the causeof enormous social and economic expense.Although we know benefits of eating good food, many of us just dont do enough to makefundamental changes to our diet. Rather than eat more fruit and vegetables and a good balance ofcomplex carbohydrate and protein-foods, we are increasingly turning to foods and drinks fortifiedwith specific nutrients or good bacteria -as a magic fix for our unbalanced lives.The healthy, human gut contains millions of beneficial bacteria. Its a symbiotic relationship: Ourintestines make a good habitat for the bacteria, and in return they help us digest our food, crowdout harmful bacteria (such as food-borne pathogens), strengthen the guts immune response, andeven manufacture certain nutrients, such as vitamins B12 and K. Antibiotics, chronic illness, or adiet high in sugar or processed foods can disrupt the natural flora of the intestinal tract and createhealth problems such as indigestion, constipation, yeast overgrowth, and lowered immunefunction. With the growing interest in self-care and integrative medicine, recognition of the linkbetween diet and health has never been stronger.As a result, the market for functional foods, or foods that promote health beyond providing basicnutrition, is flourishing. Within the functional foods movement is the small but rapidly expandingarena of probiotics - live microorganisms, which, when administered in adequate amounts, confera health benefit on the host. Probiotics beneficially affect an individual by improving intestinalmicrobial balance. Use of probiotic has been since time immemorial: from sauerkraut in Russia tocheese in Baghdad and vegetables buried in earthen pots by Native Americans, these foods havebeen prized since ancient times. However, weve lost our connection with these foods in moderndays, so they often seem so foreign. After growing up with refrigeration and the fear of "germs", itseems "wrong" to leave things on the counter to sour. The smell and taste is different from whatwere used to having.The traditional sources for beneficial bacteria are fermented foods, which are made by culturingfresh foods like milk or vegetables with live bacteria (usually a lactobacillus). Almost every foodculture features some sort of fermented food, such as miso, yogurt, kefir, fresh cheese,sauerkraut, etc. Traditionally, these foods would be eaten daily, in part, to keep the gut well-stocked with beneficial bacteria. In these foods and in probiotics supplements, the bacteria mayhave been present originally or added during preparation. Most often, they come from two groups
  2. 2. of bacteria, Lactobacillus or Bifidobacterium. Within each group, there are different species (forexample, Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacterium bifidus), and within each species, differentstrains.Probiotics help maintain and restore the delicate balance of both "good" and "bad" bacterianecessary for a healthy digestive system. Without that balance, harmful bacteria can multiply andtake over, causing gastrointestinal problems such as diarrhoea or abdominal pain. Most of us havetaken antibiotics and suffered side effects of diarrhea or intestinal pain and distress. This isbecause some antibiotics destroy both good and bad bacteria in the digestive tract, therebyupsetting the balance. Stress can affect some people in this same way, by reducing good bacteria,thereby allowing harmful bacteria to multiply and take over.Probiotics bacteria can help relieve the symptoms of inflammatory bowel diseases, irritable bowelsyndrome, colitis and alcoholic liver disease. The probiotics bacteria may help relieve constipationby improving intestinal mobility. Various forms of lactic acid bacteria added when manufacturingyogurt, acidophilus milk and fermented milk products such as kefir can help lessen the effects oflactose intolerance. This inability to digest the sugars that occur naturally in milk affects nearly 70percent of the worlds population.There is also evidence that probiotics may help to prevent certain kinds of allergies because theyhave a beneficial effect on mucous membranes.Although testing on humans is limited, preliminary evidence shows that probiotics can help boostthe immune system. Studies of the effect of probiotics consumption on cancer appear promising.Animal and in vitro studies indicate that probiotics bacteria may reduce colon cancer risk byreducing the incidence and number of tumors.. Scientists have identified good bacteria alreadyliving in some humans that target and trap HIV and may protect against infection. "I believe everylife form has its natural enemy, and HIV should not be the exception," says Dr. Lin Tao, AssociateProfessor of the Department of Oral Biology, College of Dentistry, and University of Illinois atChicago. "If we can find its natural enemy, we can control the spread of HIV naturally and cost-effectively, just as we use cats to control mice."What we need to know about probiotics:Q:Is it better to get probiotics from foods or from supplement sources?Foods are a better choice due to the synergistic effect between components of foods andprobiotics cultures. The natural buffering of stomach acid by food also enhances the stability ofconsumed probiotics. Dairy products containing probiotics provide a number of high qualitynutrients including calcium, protein, bioactive peptides, sphingolipids, and conjugated linoleicacids. Taking supplements, although convenient, has always posed the problem of long-termcompliance, whereas incorporating foods containing probiotics into daily food choices can becomea lifestyle habit.Q: What level of probiotics consumption is needed to realize the desired benefits?Many studies of probiotics bacteria on physiological effects such as diarrhea, lactose intolerance,and colon cancer biomarkers show an effect using a daily dose of 109 - 1010 organisms per day.
  3. 3. This corresponds to an intake of about 3-1/2 cups of acidophilus milk or yogurt per day, formulatedat the typical level of 2 x 106 cfu/ml. Effects of consuming lower levels have not been documentedin research studies but may also be beneficial.Q: How long does one need to take probiotics for the effects to last?It is believed that most probiotics do not permanently adhere in the intestine, but exert their effectsas they metabolize and grow during their passage through the intestine (colonization). Thus, dailyconsumption of these bacteria is probably the best way to maintain their effectiveness.Q: What are some good food sources of probiotics?Yogurt and milk to which probiotic bacteria have been added, such as acidophilus milk, andfermented milk products, such as kefirs, are the primary food sources of probiotics. Someresearchers believe that a synergistic effect exists between components in dairy foods andprobiotic cultures, and that there are components in milk that "turn on" the beneficial genes inprobiotic bacteria, making dairy foods an excellent vehicle for introducing these bacteria into thegut. Europe and Asia lead the rest of the world in offering a variety of other food productscontaining probiotics. We will probably see products such as probiotic-fortified energy bars, juices,cereals, and cheeses over the next few years as well.Q: I need to eat them every day?Probiotics stay alive as they travel through the digestive tract and attach themselves to the largebowel (gut). After four days of regular daily intake there are enough probiotics in your gut to startproducing health benefits. However, you must continue to eat probiotics on a daily basis as theywill disappear within three to five days once you stop eating them.Probiotics should be consumedas part of an overall healthy eating plan. Probiotics are an aid to health but are not a substitute forgood nutrition. They will not compensate for rushed or skipped meals. A wide variety of food inappropriate amounts is still the basic tenet of good nutrition.Q: Do probiotics have side effects?Generally speaking, no side effects to probiotics have been documented. And anecdotal evidencesuggests that its impossible to take too many probiotics. But remember the unspoken rule: allprobiotics in moderation.In conclusion it can be emphasised, theres nothing flashy or exciting about probiotics. Havinggood bacteria in your digestive system wont make you look younger or thinner. But quite often itsthe little things like better digestion and regularity that can make a big difference in your day-to-daylife.Too many bad bacteria in your digestive system often caused by diet and stress can leave youfeeling sluggish, bloated and irregular. It can also leave you prone to unpleasant bouts ofdiarrhoea and a weakened immune system. And thats where probiotics come in. The researchersbelieve that understanding of the specific immunomodulatory effects of probiotics may help indesigning future probiotics for targeted purposes.However, to understand the real impact of probiotics on inflammatory variables, further studieshave to be conducted over inflammatory processes and in individuals suffering from various types
  4. 4. of inflammatory or autoimmune diseases.Dr. Rubina LoneCONSULTANT, CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY AND RESEARCHSKIMS MEDICAL COLLEGESRINAGAR, INDIAfeedback at: dr.rubina.lone@gmail.comArticle Source: ====It is easy peasy to purchase the only room temperature probiotic pill available world wide. ChooseUSA for world-wide access: ====