State of Philippine
Public Education
by:
Mrs. Amabel F. Capistrano
Ching Tan Room,
Ateneo de Manila University
July 4, 2013
BASIC EDUCATION FAST FACTS
(DepEd and CHED Data, PDI research)
• Public schools 45,973
-elementary 38,503
-secondary 7,470
SITUATIONER
FLEMMS 2008
38%
62%
0 0
PHILIPPINE POPULATION: 80M
6 years old and above
Completed Basic
Education
30,400,000
...
BASIC EDUCATION FAST FACTS
• Public school teachers 528,954
-kindergarten and elementary 368,360
-secondary 160,594
TEACHER-PUPIL RATIO
BRUNEI MALAYSIA PHL SG
PRE
SCHOOL
2:20 (with
teacher
assistant)
2:25 (one
teacher, one
assistant)
1:20...
NUMBER OF STUDENTS IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS
enrolled in public schools 20.7M
-kinder enrollment 1.8M
-elementary enrollment 13.3M...
PERFORMANCE
INDICATORS
Indicators Elementary Secondary
2008-
2009
2009-
2010
2008-
2009
2009-
2010
A. ACCESS
Indicator
1. ...
PERFORMANCE
INDICATORS
Indicators Elementary Secondary
2008-
2009
2009-
2010
2008-
2009
2009-
2010
B. EFFICIENCY
Indicator...
61, 510
(sy 2013-14)
99, 628
SY 2012-13
BASIC EDUCATION FAST FACTS
34, 131
(2013-14)
66, 800
(2012-2013)
Literacy
Rate
2008
FLEMMS
(Functional Literacy
Education Mass
Media Survey)
Types 2003 2008
Basic
Literacy
93.4% 95.6%
Fun...
Of 100 children entering
Grade 1:
Roughly 15 pupils do not
make it to Grade II
Roughly 25 students
(25%) have dropped out
...
Basic Education Sector Reform Agenda
(BESRA)
Main Thrust:
K to 12 Basic Education Program
“We need to add two years to our...
Kindergarten and the 12 years of
elementary and secondary basic education
Kindergarten - 5-year old cohort that takes
a st...
-acquire mastery of basic
competencies
-be more emotionally mature
-be socially aware, pro-active,
involved in public and ...
ATTRIBUTES OF THE K TO 12
TEACHERS
* multi-literate
* multi-specialist
* multi-skilled
* lifelong learner
* flexible
* cre...
On becoming a trilingual nation:
-learn English well and connect to the
world
-learn Filipino well and connect to
your cou...
* The medium of instruction in most
countries is bilingual/multilingual
except for Australia and Thailand
* English and mo...
• PH curriculum emphasizes comprehension of
English… oral and written… especially through
study of literature
• Little emp...
In general, dependence on language for
development of concepts in mathematics and
science is ignored in the Philippine cur...
In early secondary math students learn
that, say, 10˚ = 1… this is knowing a “fact
Later they learn how to use that knowle...
ALS
budget
(2011) 387
m or 0.19%
from the
total
Education is …
• “Everyone’s concern” (Bro Armin)
• “It takes a village to raise a child”
(African Proverb, 1996 Hillary
C...
Sectoral Situationer
Sectoral Situationer
Sectoral Situationer
Sectoral Situationer
Sectoral Situationer
Sectoral Situationer
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Sectoral Situationer

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Current situation of the Philippine Education System.

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Sectoral Situationer

  1. 1. State of Philippine Public Education by: Mrs. Amabel F. Capistrano Ching Tan Room, Ateneo de Manila University July 4, 2013
  2. 2. BASIC EDUCATION FAST FACTS (DepEd and CHED Data, PDI research) • Public schools 45,973 -elementary 38,503 -secondary 7,470
  3. 3. SITUATIONER FLEMMS 2008 38% 62% 0 0 PHILIPPINE POPULATION: 80M 6 years old and above Completed Basic Education 30,400,000 Not completed Basic Education 49,6000,000
  4. 4. BASIC EDUCATION FAST FACTS • Public school teachers 528,954 -kindergarten and elementary 368,360 -secondary 160,594
  5. 5. TEACHER-PUPIL RATIO BRUNEI MALAYSIA PHL SG PRE SCHOOL 2:20 (with teacher assistant) 2:25 (one teacher, one assistant) 1:20 ELEM 1:12 (with teacher assistant) 1:19 (1:50 in some) 1:36 1:20 HS 1:11 1:50 (in some) 1:38 1:30
  6. 6. NUMBER OF STUDENTS IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS enrolled in public schools 20.7M -kinder enrollment 1.8M -elementary enrollment 13.3M -secondary enrollment 5.6M
  7. 7. PERFORMANCE INDICATORS Indicators Elementary Secondary 2008- 2009 2009- 2010 2008- 2009 2009- 2010 A. ACCESS Indicator 1. Gross Enrollment Rate Public and Private 102.05% 82.92% Public only 91.13% 92.80% 64.16% 67.91% 2. Participation Rate Public and Private 85.12% 60.74% Public only 75.55% 76.8% 45.59% 48.65%
  8. 8. PERFORMANCE INDICATORS Indicators Elementary Secondary 2008- 2009 2009- 2010 2008- 2009 2009- 2010 B. EFFICIENCY Indicator 1. Completion Rate Public and Private 73.28% 75.24% Public only 63.34% 63.47% 57.65% 58.05% 2. Participation Rate Public and Private 6.02% 7.45% Public only 8.85% 8.84% 14.62% 14.70%
  9. 9. 61, 510 (sy 2013-14) 99, 628 SY 2012-13
  10. 10. BASIC EDUCATION FAST FACTS 34, 131 (2013-14) 66, 800 (2012-2013)
  11. 11. Literacy Rate 2008 FLEMMS (Functional Literacy Education Mass Media Survey) Types 2003 2008 Basic Literacy 93.4% 95.6% Functional Literacy 84.1% 86.4%
  12. 12. Of 100 children entering Grade 1: Roughly 15 pupils do not make it to Grade II Roughly 25 students (25%) have dropped out before Grade IV 50% graduate in HS PARTICIPATION RATE
  13. 13. Basic Education Sector Reform Agenda (BESRA) Main Thrust: K to 12 Basic Education Program “We need to add two years to our basic education. Those who can afford pay up to fourteen years of schooling before university. Thus, their children are getting into the best universities and the best jobs after graduation. I want at least 12 years for our public school children to give them an even chance at succeeding.” -Pres. N. Aquino STRATEGY TO ADDRESS QUALITY EDUCATION
  14. 14. Kindergarten and the 12 years of elementary and secondary basic education Kindergarten - 5-year old cohort that takes a standardized kinder curriculum Elementary education – primary schooling that involves 6 years of education Secondary education – 6 years high school What is K to 12?
  15. 15. -acquire mastery of basic competencies -be more emotionally mature -be socially aware, pro-active, involved in public and civic affairs -be adequately prepared for the world of work or entrepreneurship or higher education -be legally employable with potential for better earnings -be globally competitive K to 12 VISION
  16. 16. ATTRIBUTES OF THE K TO 12 TEACHERS * multi-literate * multi-specialist * multi-skilled * lifelong learner * flexible * creative problem solver * high passion for excellent teaching * high EQ K to 12 VISION
  17. 17. On becoming a trilingual nation: -learn English well and connect to the world -learn Filipino well and connect to your country -retain your dialect and connect with your heritage Mother Tongue- Based Multilingual Education (MTB- MLE)
  18. 18. * The medium of instruction in most countries is bilingual/multilingual except for Australia and Thailand * English and mother tongue are used as mediums of instruction in most countries * Brunei Darussalam, Malaysia, Singapore have “Mother-Tongue” language subject from primary to upper high school Medium of Instruction
  19. 19. • PH curriculum emphasizes comprehension of English… oral and written… especially through study of literature • Little emphasis on essays, stories, and oral argument… does not encourage creativity in language • Reflected in NAT tests which do not include open ended comprehension questions and do not include assessment of writing ENGLISH CURRICULUM
  20. 20. In general, dependence on language for development of concepts in mathematics and science is ignored in the Philippine curriculum. LANGUAGE CURRICULUM Key findings from AUSAID UNIMELB
  21. 21. In early secondary math students learn that, say, 10˚ = 1… this is knowing a “fact Later they learn how to use that knowledge as in 102 multiplied by 103 = 105 this is applying But knowing and applying will not lead to understanding why 100 = 1 MATHEMATICS CURRICULUM
  22. 22. ALS budget (2011) 387 m or 0.19% from the total
  23. 23. Education is … • “Everyone’s concern” (Bro Armin) • “It takes a village to raise a child” (African Proverb, 1996 Hillary Clinton )

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