Colour DefinitionO (noun) - Colour is the element of art that is produced when light, striking an object, is reflected back to the eye.
There are 3 properties of colour.O First is hue, which simply means the name we give to a colour (red, yellow, blue, etc.).O The second property is intensity, which refers to the strength and vividness of the colour. For example, we may describe the colour blue as "royal" (bright, rich, vibrant) or "dull" (greyed).O The third and final property of colour is its value, meaning its lightness or darkness. The terms shade and tint are in reference to value changes in colours.
Categories Of ColourO Color Wheels a tool used to organize color.
Primary ColoursO Red, Yellow, Blue these colour cannot be mixed, they must be bought in some form
Secondary ColourO Green, Orange, Violet, these colours are created by mixing two primaries.
Intermediate ColoursO Red Orange, Yellow Green, Blue Violet, etc.; mixing a primary with a secondary creates these colours.
Colours and FeelingsO Artists know that colours can create a certain mood, or feeling in their artworks. This is especially helpful when decorating a house, an office, or planning clothing outfits. Black is bold, dramatic, confident, sophisticated. White is purity, cleansing, sacred, neutral. Gray is sophisticated, contemporary, hi-tech. Red is energetic, passionate, powerful, the sun. Blue is calm, melancholy, loving, the sky and water.
Colours and Feelings (cont.) Yellow is cheerful, happy, bright, the glow of the sun. Green combines blue and yellow. It is stable, calming, expansive, the trees, grass and shrubs. Purple combines blue and red. It is royal, elegant, sophisticated, velvet. Orange combines yellow and red. It is hurried, on-the-move, energetic. Turquoise has more green than blue and is a happy shade. Peach has more yellow than red and is calmer than orange.
Tone/ValueO Tone refers to the lightness and or darkness of a colour in a scale from black to whiteO Tone is as a result of mixing a pure colour with any neutral colour including the two extremes white and black. By this definition all tints and shades are also considered to be tones
Tints ShadesO A tint is lighter than the O A shade is darker than original colour. the original colourO A tint is a mixture O A shade is a mixture resulting from added arrived at as result of white to an original added black to an colour. original colour
Warm Colour SchemesO The colors of red, orange, and yellow are considered warm colors because they are the colors of fire. These hues are also said to advance, meaning they appear to come forward, making the walls feel closer. Thus, they can actually make a room feel cozy when used in decorating..
Artists use different colourschemes such as warm,cool and neutral to createmoods, show contrast andcreate depth inartworks. Vincent vanGogh used warm coloursin this painting ofSunflowers.
Cool Colour SchemesO Blue, green, and violet are considered cool colours. When you think of a cool lake or ice covered pond, you see cool colours.O Because these colours have a tendency to feel like they are receding (or backing away from you), cool tones are often used to paint the walls of a small room to make the room appear larger.
This is a cool colourscheme because itincludes coloursfound on the left sideof the colour wheel.These colours tend torecede injects in acomposition. Coolcolours include thosesuch as blues,greens, and purples
Monochromatic Colour SchemeO A monochromatic colour scheme consists of different values (tints and shades) of one single colour.O These colour schemes are easy to get right and can be very effective, soothing and authoritative. They do, however, lack the diversity of hues found in other colour schemes and are less vibrant.
Analogous Colour SchemeO Analogous colours are colours that are adjacent to each other on the colour wheel. Some examples are green, yellow green, and yellow or red, red violet and violet.O Analogous colour schemes are often found in nature and are pleasing to the eye. The combination of these colours give a bright effect in the area, and are able to accommodate many changing moods. When using the analogous colour scheme, one should make sure there is one hue as the main colour.
Complementary ColoursO Are colours that are opposite each other on the colour wheel. When placed next to each other they look bright and when mixed together they neutralize each other.
Neutral SchemeO This usually means without colour. Neutral colours such as beige, ivory, taupe, black, gray, and white appear to be without colour, and yet in many applications these hues often have undertones of colour.O Be aware of these underlying tones as you match colours or choose paint. For example, beige might have an undertone of pink or tan or gold. White might be slightly ivory, yellow, bluish, or peachy.