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SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE
Hi everybody! I'm The Present Simple Girl. I like
habits and routines. I always do the same things and
at the same time. F...
Formula
(+)Subject + Verb1 + Object + Modifier
(-)Subject + Don’t/Doesn’t + Simple
verb + Object + Modifier
(?) Do/Does + ...
POSITIVE FORM
In the simple present we use the verb without
an ending.
Example:
• Most children like ice cream.
• You know...
NEGATIVE & QUESTION FORM
We use a form of do + not in negative &
question when the subject: I, you, we, they.
We use a for...
Repeated Actions

Use the Simple Present to express the idea that
an action is repeated or usual.
The action can be a habi...
Example
•
•
•
•
•
•

The train leaves every morning at 8 AM.
The train does not leave at 9 AM.
When does the train usually...
Facts or Generalizations

•The Simple Present can also indicate the
speaker believes that a fact was true before, is
true ...
Example
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Cats like milk.
Birds do not like milk.
Do pigs like milk?
California is in America.
California i...
Scheduled Events in the Near Future

•Speakers occasionally use Simple Present to talk
about scheduled events in the near ...
Example
• The train leaves tonight at 6 PM.
• The bus does not arrive at 11 AM, it arrives at
11 PM.
• When do we board th...
Now (Non-Continuous Verbs)

•Speakers sometimes use the Simple Present to
express the idea that an action is happening or ...
Example
•
•
•
•
•
•

I am here now.
She is not here now.
He needs help right now.
He does not need help now.
He has his pa...
Regular or permanent situations
When something happens regularly or is a
permanent situation we usually use the simple
pre...
Example
• Q) "Where do you live?“
A) "I live in Germany."
• Q) "Where does he live?“
A) "He lives in Germany."
• Q) "What ...
Frequency
The simple present tense is also used
• to show how often something happens with
adverbs of frequency - always, ...
Example
• "I always get up at 6.00."
• "I never drink coffee before 12.00."
• "I work on my website every day."
• "Every M...
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Simple present explanation

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Simple present explanation

  1. 1. SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE
  2. 2. Hi everybody! I'm The Present Simple Girl. I like habits and routines. I always do the same things and at the same time. For example, I always drink two glasses of milk in the morning and I usually arrive at school at twenty five past eight . I often wear jeans and T-shirts. I love pop music. I also love animals and plants. I have a beautiful garden. I live with my parents and my brother, The Present Continuous Guy. He is very different from  me. He never arrives on time for lunch. He likes new clothes and fashion, and he doesn't listen to pop music. He plays hard rock in a group called "Metal Bananas" . We are in an English club called The Happy Verby Gang. We go to the club on
  3. 3. Formula (+)Subject + Verb1 + Object + Modifier (-)Subject + Don’t/Doesn’t + Simple verb + Object + Modifier (?) Do/Does + Subject + Simple verb + Object + Modifier When the subject is followed by adjective, adverb, or noun, use is, am, are as the verb.
  4. 4. POSITIVE FORM In the simple present we use the verb without an ending. Example: • Most children like ice cream. • You know the answer. • We always do our shopping at Greenway. • I get the lunch ready at one o’clock, usually.
  5. 5. NEGATIVE & QUESTION FORM We use a form of do + not in negative & question when the subject: I, you, we, they. We use a form of does + not for the third singular person: she, he, it Example: • The sun does not rise in the west and does not set in the east. • Do farmers in Jati Bali grow rice crops twice a year?
  6. 6. Repeated Actions Use the Simple Present to express the idea that an action is repeated or usual. The action can be a habit, a hobby, a daily event, a scheduled event or something that often happens. It can also be something a person often forgets or usually does not do.
  7. 7. Example • • • • • • The train leaves every morning at 8 AM. The train does not leave at 9 AM. When does the train usually leave? She always forgets her purse. He never forgets his wallet. Every twelve months, the Earth circles the Sun. • Does the Sun circle the Earth?
  8. 8. Facts or Generalizations •The Simple Present can also indicate the speaker believes that a fact was true before, is true now, and will be true in the future. •It is not important if the speaker is correct about the fact. • It is also used to make generalizations about people or things.
  9. 9. Example • • • • • • • • Cats like milk. Birds do not like milk. Do pigs like milk? California is in America. California is not in the United Kingdom. Windows are made of glass. Windows are not made of wood. New York is a small city. It is not important that this fact is untrue.
  10. 10. Scheduled Events in the Near Future •Speakers occasionally use Simple Present to talk about scheduled events in the near future. • This is most commonly done when talking about public transportation, but it can be used with other scheduled events as well.
  11. 11. Example • The train leaves tonight at 6 PM. • The bus does not arrive at 11 AM, it arrives at 11 PM. • When do we board the plane? • The party starts at 8 o'clock. • When does class begin tomorrow?
  12. 12. Now (Non-Continuous Verbs) •Speakers sometimes use the Simple Present to express the idea that an action is happening or is not happening now. •This can only be done with Non-Continuous Verbs and certain Mixed Verbs
  13. 13. Example • • • • • • I am here now. She is not here now. He needs help right now. He does not need help now. He has his passport in his hand. Do you have your passport with you?
  14. 14. Regular or permanent situations When something happens regularly or is a permanent situation we usually use the simple present tense. When using the simple present the verb (with the exception of the auxiliary verbs) remains in the dictionary form (verb + s with he/she/it).
  15. 15. Example • Q) "Where do you live?“ A) "I live in Germany." • Q) "Where does he live?“ A) "He lives in Germany." • Q) "What do you do?“ A) "I'm a teacher." • Q) "What does he do?" A) "He's a teacher."
  16. 16. Frequency The simple present tense is also used • to show how often something happens with adverbs of frequency - always, usually, often, sometimes, occasionally, seldom, rarely, never, etc.... • And when discussing daily, weekly, monthly etc. routines.
  17. 17. Example • "I always get up at 6.00." • "I never drink coffee before 12.00." • "I work on my website every day." • "Every Monday and Thursday I go to the gym." Note We also use the simple present to ask for and give instructions or to discuss a series of actions. Q) How do I make pancakes?“ A) Well, first you take 4 eggs and crack them into a bowl, then you weigh out 4 oz. of flour and sieve it into the eggs. etc.

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