Hi everybody! I'm The Present Simple Girl. I like
habits and routines. I always do the same things and
at the same time. For example, I always drink two
glasses of milk in the morning and I usually arrive
at school at twenty five past eight . I often wear jeans
and T-shirts. I love pop music. I also love animals
and plants. I have a beautiful garden.
I live with my parents and my brother, The
Present Continuous Guy. He is very different from
me. He never arrives on time for lunch. He likes
new clothes and fashion, and he doesn't listen to
pop music. He plays hard rock in a group called
"Metal Bananas" . We are in an English club called
The Happy Verby Gang. We go to the club on
(+)Subject + Verb1 + Object + Modifier
(-)Subject + Don’t/Doesn’t + Simple
verb + Object + Modifier
(?) Do/Does + Subject + Simple verb +
Object + Modifier
When the subject is followed by adjective,
adverb, or noun, use is, am, are as the verb.
In the simple present we use the verb without
• Most children like ice cream.
• You know the answer.
• We always do our shopping at Greenway.
• I get the lunch ready at one o’clock, usually.
NEGATIVE & QUESTION FORM
We use a form of do + not in negative &
question when the subject: I, you, we, they.
We use a form of does + not for the third
singular person: she, he, it
• The sun does not rise in the west and does not
set in the east.
• Do farmers in Jati Bali grow rice crops twice a
Use the Simple Present to express the idea that
an action is repeated or usual.
The action can be a habit, a hobby, a daily
event, a scheduled event or something that
It can also be something a person often forgets
or usually does not do.
The train leaves every morning at 8 AM.
The train does not leave at 9 AM.
When does the train usually leave?
She always forgets her purse.
He never forgets his wallet.
Every twelve months, the Earth circles the
• Does the Sun circle the Earth?
Facts or Generalizations
•The Simple Present can also indicate the
speaker believes that a fact was true before, is
true now, and will be true in the future.
•It is not important if the speaker is correct
about the fact.
• It is also used to make generalizations about
people or things.
Cats like milk.
Birds do not like milk.
Do pigs like milk?
California is in America.
California is not in the United Kingdom.
Windows are made of glass.
Windows are not made of wood.
New York is a small city. It is not important
that this fact is untrue.
Scheduled Events in the Near Future
•Speakers occasionally use Simple Present to talk
about scheduled events in the near future.
• This is most commonly done when talking
about public transportation, but it can be used
with other scheduled events as well.
• The train leaves tonight at 6 PM.
• The bus does not arrive at 11 AM, it arrives at
• When do we board the plane?
• The party starts at 8 o'clock.
• When does class begin tomorrow?
Now (Non-Continuous Verbs)
•Speakers sometimes use the Simple Present to
express the idea that an action is happening or is
not happening now.
•This can only be done with Non-Continuous Verbs
and certain Mixed Verbs
I am here now.
She is not here now.
He needs help right now.
He does not need help now.
He has his passport in his hand.
Do you have your passport with you?
Regular or permanent situations
When something happens regularly or is a
permanent situation we usually use the simple
When using the simple present the verb (with
the exception of the auxiliary verbs) remains
in the dictionary form (verb + s with
• Q) "Where do you live?“
A) "I live in Germany."
• Q) "Where does he live?“
A) "He lives in Germany."
• Q) "What do you do?“
A) "I'm a teacher."
• Q) "What does he do?"
A) "He's a teacher."
The simple present tense is also used
• to show how often something happens with
adverbs of frequency - always, usually, often,
sometimes, occasionally, seldom, rarely,
• And when discussing daily, weekly, monthly
• "I always get up at 6.00."
• "I never drink coffee before 12.00."
• "I work on my website every day."
• "Every Monday and Thursday I go to the gym."
We also use the simple present to ask for and give
instructions or to discuss a series of actions.
Q) How do I make pancakes?“
A) Well, first you take 4 eggs and crack them into
a bowl, then you weigh out 4 oz. of flour and
sieve it into the eggs. etc.