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  2. 2. a. ‘Scale’ and ‘limit’ adjectives 1. (absolutely) Terrible awful dreadful (Very) bad For example : a. Terrible (very bad, of low quality, or unpleasant) a terrible accident the weather was absolutely terrible b. Awful (very bad, of low quality, or unpleasant) an awful place the film was absolutely awful c. Dreadful (extremely bad or unpleasant) a dreadful mistake a dreadful man a dreadful accident
  3. 3. 2. ( very) good (absolutely) marvelous wonderful great terrific For example: a. Marvelous (extremely good) What a marvelous idea! b. Wonderful (very good) A wonderful idea c. Great (very good) A great time d. terrific (excellent, a terrific opportunity) (very large, serious, a terrific storm)
  4. 4. Other examples Scale Big Small Tired Interesting Surprised Hot Cold Crowded Frightened Hungry Limit huge/enormous tiny exhausted fascinating astonished boiling freezing packed terrified starving
  5. 5. Adjective ending –ing and -ed • The –ing ending used on adjective which describe a person or thing or situation; the –ed ending is on adjectives which describe the effect this person, thing or situation has on us. For instance: It was such a boring party; I was bored, and so was everyone else. I think the students are depressed largely because the weather is so depressing.
  6. 6. Adjective patterns 1. Adjective and prepositional phrase a. afraid of ashamed of aware of fond of full of proud of short of tired of (i.e. I am afraid of heights) b. angry with familiar with bore with delighted with pleased with satisfied with (i.e. I am delighted with my new camera) c. angry at good at sorry about worried about free from different from close to similar to (i.e. I’m hopeless at sport) Note: there is a difference between angry with and angry at. You are angry with (marah pada) a person; you are angry at (marah atas) an action or event.
  7. 7. 1. The following adjectives can be used in both patterns, with it or without it. difficult to easy to hard to impossible to pleasant to nice to (i.e. It’s difficult to park these big cars) (These big cars are difficult to park) 2. The following adjectives can be used only with it pattern. essential to strange to important to sad to lovely to necessary to annoying to surprising to (i.e. It is important (for a witness) to speak the truth). (it would be lovely (for my wife) to meet you again). 3. Most adjectives have comparative and superlative construction, for example, good-better-best, bad-worse-worst, famous-more famous-most famous. However, the following adjectives do not have those construction, for instance, absent, equal, left, opposite, single.