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ICT4D

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Presentation of ICT4D in German - held on 26 April 2010

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ICT4D

  1. 1. ICT4D
  2. 2. ICT4D - Uebersicht # Praesentation - Grundbegriffe - Geschichte - Fakten - Anwendungsgebiete - ICT4D.at Florian Sturm, ICT4D.at
  3. 3. Grundbegriffe
  4. 4. ICT4D - Grundbegriffe # ICT - Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) = Informations- und Kommunikationstechnologien (IKT / IuKT / I&KT) - "alt": Radio, TV, Festnetz, ... - "neu": PC, Internet, Mobiltelefon, ... Florian Sturm, ICT4D.at
  5. 5. ICT4D - Grundbegriffe # ICT4D ICT for Development vs. ICT and Development - ICT4D etablierter - "IKT fuer Entwicklung" = Verwendung von IKT in Entwicklungslaendern, in der Entwicklungs-zusammenarbeit, in Entwicklunghilfeorganisationen, ... - Generell: fuer viele Regionen der Erde das erste Mal die Moeglichkeit an der globalen Gemeinschaft teilzunehmen Florian Sturm, ICT4D.at
  6. 6. ICT4D - Grundbegriffe # ICT4D Florian Sturm, ICT4D.at
  7. 7. ICT4D - Grundbegriffe # Digital Divide - "the obvious and troubling gap between those who have access to use computer technology and the Internet and those who do not" - Katz & Aspden (1998) - zwischen verschiedenen Nationen, Regionen, Bevoelkerungsgruppen, den Geschlechtern, Altersgruppen, ... Florian Sturm, ICT4D.at
  8. 8. Geschichte
  9. 9. ICT4D - Geschichte # Anfaenge - erste Ideen fuer Wissenstransfer in Entwicklungs- laender via IKT und eGovernment bereits seit den 1950er Jahren (MIT, ... ), aber geringe Verbreitung - Vergroesserung des "Digital Divide" durch rasante Verbreitung und Preisverfall von Mobiltelefonie und Internet im Westen in den 1990ern - Aufnahme in die Agenden der Zwischenstaatlichen Organisationen in den spaeten 1990ern Florian Sturm, ICT4D.at
  10. 10. ICT4D - Geschichte # Anfang & Mitte 2000er - Beteiligung verschiedener staatlicher, privat- wirtschaftlicher und Nichtregierungs- Organisationen - "Hype" - viele Pilotprojekte, grosse Erwartungen, viel Budget, wenige Ergebnisse - in erster Linie "top-down" Ansatz - Technologie als Loesung - Telecenter, Internet Florian Sturm, ICT4D.at
  11. 11. ICT4D - Geschichte # seit Ende 2000er - Mobiltelefon-"Revolution" - kritischer Blick auf vergangene Projekte - Fokus auf arme und benachteiligte Bevoelkerungs- gruppen als Konsumenten, Partner und Innovatoren - exponentielle Steigerung der Forschung gegen Ende der 2000er - "bottom up" und kombinierte Ansaetze Florian Sturm, ICT4D.at
  12. 12. Anwendungs-gebiete
  13. 13. ICT4D - Anwendungsgebiete - leichterer & schnellerer Kontakt zu Aerzten - digitale Datenerfassung, -speicherung und -auswertung - Schulungen und Austausch mit Experten - Informationsverbreitung (AIDS, Hygiene, ...) - automatisierte Ablaeufe (Erinnerung an Arztbesuche, Medikamentencheck, ...) - TRACNet Rwanda # Gesundheitssektor Florian Sturm, ICT4D.at
  14. 14. ICT4D - Anwendungsgebiete - interaktive Lernplattformen (Internet, SMS) - Zugriff auf mehr Wissen, Meinungen & Publikationen - frei verfuegbare Unterrichtsmittel - OLPC als Plattform fuer verschiedene Applikationen - kollaboratives Lernen ohne Anleitung (Sugata Mitra – Hole in the Wall) - OLPC # Bildungssektor Florian Sturm, ICT4D.at
  15. 15. ICT4D - Anwendungsgebiete - Blogs als Alternative & Ergaenzung von Zeitungen - Umgehung von Zensur im Internet - SMS zur Koordination von Demonstrationen - "Twitter"-Revolution (Iran, Moldawien) - Realitaet oder Hype? - Mehr Schaden oder Nutzen? - Mehr "transparency", direkte Kontrolle - Wahlmonitoring # digital activism Florian Sturm, ICT4D.at
  16. 16. ICT4D - Anwendungsgebiete - lokalisierter Wetterbericht via Radio / SMS / Internet - Information ueber Marktpreise - Datenbanken zu verschiedensten Themen - Tierkrankheiten - Anbaumethoden - Schaedlinge - ... - Interesse der Privatwirtschaft (Nokia – Indien) # Landwirtschaftssektor Florian Sturm, ICT4D.at
  17. 17. ICT4D - Anwendungsgebiete # Landwirtschaftssektor Florian Sturm, ICT4D.at
  18. 18. ICT4D - Anwendungsgebiete - Guthaben statt Geld ueberweisen - Prepaid-Mobiltelefon als Konto-Ersatz - "bank the unbanked" - FrontlineSMS:Credit - Kenia: M-Pesa # Bankensektor Florian Sturm, ICT4D.at
  19. 19. ICT4D - Anwendungsgebiete Beispiel: Haiti - Radios, Mobiltelefone, Internet - Inveneo, Open Street Maps, Ushahidi - Schnelle Reaktion & Koordination, Verteilung von Aufgaben leicht moeglich # Katastrophenhilfe Florian Sturm, ICT4D.at
  20. 20. ICT4D - Anwendungsgebiete # Katastrophenhilfe Florian Sturm, ICT4D.at
  21. 21. Fakten
  22. 22. ICT4D - Fakten # Ausgaben fuer IKT - Staatsausgaben 2007 laut Weltbank fuer IKT in verschiedenen Laenderkategorien: - &quot;low- & middle-income&quot; ~840 Mrd $ (6% des BIP) - &quot;low-income&quot; (BNE < $1000/Kopf) ~57 Mrd $ - Private Investitionen in den Mobilfunksektor in Afrika ~10 Mrd $ jaehrlich (lt. GSM Association) - Privater Konsum in Nigeria jaehrlich im Mobilfunk- sektor ~55$ pro Kopf (lt. Pyramid Research) Florian Sturm, ICT4D.at
  23. 23. ICT4D - Fakten # IKT in Afrika Florian Sturm, ICT4D.at
  24. 24. ICT4D - Fakten # Mobiltelefone weltweit Florian Sturm, ICT4D.at
  25. 25. ICT4D - Fakten # Indien Software Export Florian Sturm, ICT4D.at
  26. 26. ICT4D.at
  27. 27. ICT4D - ICT4D.at Oesterreichisches Netzwerk fuer ICT4D - Bewusstsein schaffen - Forschung betreiben - Netzwerk schaffen und zur Verfuegung stellen - Projekte durchfuehren - Kunst, Bildung, Open Source, Medien # ICT4D.at Florian Sturm, ICT4D.at
  28. 28. ICT4D - ICT4D.at - Film ueber Mobiltelefonie-Alltag in Tansania - CC-lizensiert - Material von 2008 - Auffuehrungen 2009 & 2010: - Oesterreich, Tansania, UK, Ghana, USA, Schweden, Spanien, ... - http://ict4d.at/HelloAfrica # Hello Africa Florian Sturm, ICT4D.at
  29. 29. ICT4D - ICT4D.at # Hello Africa Florian Sturm, ICT4D.at
  30. 30. ICT4D - ICT4D.at - Schule fuer Web-Applikation Programmierung - Stone Town, Zanzibar, Tanzania - 12 Schueler, 1 lokaler Lehrer - HTML, PHP, MySQL, JavaScript - Finanziert durch ADA und Spenden - Partner: Aidnet Zanzibar - http://zanzicode.com/ # Zanzicode Florian Sturm, ICT4D.at
  31. 31. ICT4D - ICT4D.at - journalistische Aufarbeitung von Veranstaltungen im ICT4D Sektor - fuer die interessierte Oeffentlichkeit - Partner mit eDevelopment Thematic Group - Weltbank - Bloggen, Twittern, Facebook, ... - Dezember: ICTD2010 # Konferenz Blogging Florian Sturm, ICT4D.at
  32. 32. ICT4D - ICT4D.at - Interesse an Mitarbeit? - mich ansprechen - office@ict4d.at - Stammtisch jeden 2. Donnerstag im Monat – 20:00, Cafe Benno, 1080 (im Mai noch nicht fix) - Facebook & XING Gruppe ICT4D.at # Mitarbeit Florian Sturm, ICT4D.at
  33. 33. Danke! Fragen?

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