Euroscepticism in france_sp


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Euroscepticism in france_sp

  1. 1. Euroscepticism in France
  2. 2. I / What is the euroscepticism ?
  3. 3. <ul><li>The Euroscepticism is a political idea which is against the European Union and the process of European intergration. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>We can see the indiference of people for the UE in the strong abstention to vote for the members of the European Parliament. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>A lot of people doesn't know what Europe brings to them, that's why they're aren't particularly attached to this union. </li></ul><ul><li>The rules of the EU are too complex and don't help citizens to get closer with the institutions. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>During the referendum for the European constitution, majority of French people refused the text. That proves the lack of trust in the European institutions. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>When €uro is arrived, French weren't satisfied because it decreased them purchasing power. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Both of the extreme right and the extreme left are against the European Union but they advance different arguments. </li></ul><ul><li>Some of the people are against the current fonctioning of this Union, the others want it to be deleted. </li></ul><ul><li>In fact, Many believes that the EU was built against the will of the people. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>For the Eurosceptic, the European Union hasn't brought peace in Europe while it was its main objective. </li></ul><ul><li>They aslo say that Europe doesn't appear as a independent diplomatic power opposite to the USA. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>On a cultural point, it still critized that the European Union erases national identities </li></ul><ul><li>Moreover, lot of people think that the UE is not really democratic : It seems to be to much “bureaucratic”. </li></ul>
  11. 11. What are the arguments of the french extreme right against the UE ?
  12. 12. <ul><li>Europe weakens the national sovereignty of states and makes them lose their independence. </li></ul><ul><li>Moreover, they say it will forbid them to lead to their foreign politic. </li></ul><ul><li>They denounce the laxity of the EU against the immigration. </li></ul>
  13. 13. What are the arguments of the french extreme left against the UE ?
  14. 14. <ul><li>Some of people think that Europe isn't enough social because it encourages the capitalism. </li></ul><ul><li>The UE forces French public companies to becoming private. </li></ul>
  15. 15. II / Who are the eurosceptics in France ?
  16. 16. The extreme left French parties as the French communist party (Parti Communiste Français),the new anticapitalist party (NPA) ... <ul><li>Olivier BESANCENOT is the leader of the new anticapitalist party, </li></ul><ul><li>He condemns firmly the « libera » </li></ul><ul><li>European Union. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Certain members of the the socialist party (Parti Socialiste) as Laurent Fabius or Jean Luc Mélanchon. Another left party : the MRC (Mouvement Républicain et Citoyen) . They just want a different Europe, with more social Actions to help the European. Laurent Fabius, he was the French Prime minister between 1984 and 1986. Jean Luc Mélanchon was a socialist minister between 2000 and 2002
  18. 18. Some of UMP members (this is the party of french governement) as Nicolas Dupont Aignant.
  19. 19. <ul><li>French Extreme Right parties want the end of the European Union. </li></ul><ul><li>Jean Marie le Pen and her daughter Marine le Pen are leaders of the « Front National », the most « popular » extreme right party. </li></ul><ul><li>There is also  Phillipe de Villiers , leader of the MPF (Mouvement pour la France) who is an eurosceptic. </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Most of the right or left politicians are Europhile. Indeed eurosceptics are concentrated in the extreme. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Faustine THELLIER Victor GRANIER
  22. 22. <ul><li>Sources : Wikipédia,, … </li></ul>