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California and the Civil War The Fight for Slavery in California Andrew Lelja History 141 71154
Mexican-American War <ul><li>In 1845, Texas was annexed to the United States. </li></ul><ul><li>The Mexican-American War of 1846-1848 reduced the size of Mexico by more than half and increased the U.S. by one-third. </li></ul><ul><li>Congressman David Wilmot introduced his “Proviso” that stipulated any territory acquired from Mexico “neither slavery nor involuntary servitude shall exist in any part of said territory.” </li></ul>
Slavery in the West <ul><li>They government officials felt slavery would never expand past Texas anyway because the weather is very harsh, dry and arid. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1852 and 1859, Utah and New Mexico legalized slavery. </li></ul><ul><li>California legislatures tried to tie themselves to those states, and California's representatives and senators voted in support of slavery. </li></ul>
The Gold Rush <ul><li>In 1848, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo transferred California from Mexico to the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>At same time, workers building a sawmill on the American River near Sacramento discovered flecks of gold in the riverbed. </li></ul><ul><li>By the spring of 1849, tens of thousands of men from the U.S., as well as China, Chile, Mexico, Australia and France came to California in search of gold. </li></ul><ul><li>This led to California being admitted as a free state. </li></ul><ul><li>Many Southerners continued to protest against California for being a fee state, but their protest didn’t turn it around. </li></ul>
The Struggle Over California <ul><li>The “Chivalry” were Southern born politicians who lived in California and continued to own slaves because they came from states where slavery was accepted. </li></ul><ul><li>The Chiv’s continued to kill off the opposition, and repeatedly tried to bring slavery to California. </li></ul><ul><li>They worked on splitting California into two parts, with the Southern half allowing slavery. </li></ul><ul><li>This passed in California, but once it reached Congress it dies slowly and California remained one state. </li></ul><ul><li>Now, people concentrated their efforts into filibustering slavery to new places like Cuba, that were not in the United States. </li></ul>