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Fair Housing And Ada Baade


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Fair Housing And Ada Baade

  1. 1. Presented by: Fair Housing Continuum, Inc. It’s Not Just Your Right … It’s the Law! Fair Housing Hot Topics A private, not for profit, 501( c )( 3 ) agency. Sponsored in-part by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development
  2. 2. Objectives <ul><li>Discuss fair housing changes and issues that affect affordable housing. </li></ul><ul><li>Identify fair housing accessibility design & construction requirements. </li></ul><ul><li>To educate the general public on the Fair Housing rights. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Overview <ul><li>Brief History of the Continuum </li></ul><ul><li>HUD Fair Housing Objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing </li></ul><ul><li>New Construction Accessibility Requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Other Current Issues </li></ul>
  4. 4. Mission of FHC <ul><li>Ensure Equal Housing Opportunity and Eliminate Discrimination in Florida </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Funded by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) under the Fair Housing Initiative Program (FHIP) </li></ul><ul><li>Established and incorporated in Brevard County, October 1994 </li></ul><ul><li>Became a not for profit, 501(c)(3) organization in 1995 </li></ul>History
  6. 6. <ul><li>Assist community leaders and industry to develop strategies to “affirmatively further fair housing” </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance knowledge and awareness of fair housing issues </li></ul><ul><li>Provide overall fair housing assistance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Resolve fair housing complaints </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Conciliate - Mediate - Litigate </li></ul></ul></ul>Objectives
  7. 7. HUD Fair Housing Objectives <ul><li>Fair Housing Enforcement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>HUD investigates more than 10,000 fair housing complaints annually </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>A Primary Goal is to Improve Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Through Analysis of Impediments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Follow-up Action Plans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fair Housing Planning Guide Vols. I & II </li></ul></ul>HUD Fair Housing Objectives
  9. 9. Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing---Analysis of Impediments <ul><li>U.S. ex rel. Anti Discrimination Center of New York, Inc. v. Westchester County 2009 WL 455269 (S.D. N.Y. 2008), & 2009 WL 970866 (S.D. N.Y. 2008), </li></ul><ul><ul><li>8 yrs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1100 times </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$51 million </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Built some affordable housing in already segregated neighborhoods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>False Claims Act X3 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>? Knowingly </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Analysis of Impediments---Follow-up Action Plans <ul><li>“ Falsity” of Certifying Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing includes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of an Action Plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify shortage of affordable housing as an impediment, yet allow NIMBYism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Less than 5% of CDBG clearly not enough </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Less than 15% of CDBG probably not enough </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poster contest, proclamation, poster not acceptable as an Action Plan </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Fair Housing Guide Vols. I & II <ul><li>Currently on HUD website @ </li></ul><ul><li>HUD plans to design a regulation that more clearly defines Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing </li></ul>
  12. 12. National Fair Housing Alliance Conference June 8, 2009 <ul><li>HUD Secretary Shaun Donovan </li></ul><ul><li>“A HUD priority will be checking to ensure that recipients are targeting affordable housing to communities of opportunity and not concentrating projects in already segregated and depressed communities. HUD will strengthen enforcement and,…and further fair housing.” </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>“ HUD will gather very detailed demographic and performance information. If you cannot quantify progress in your services, </li></ul><ul><li>your funding and possibly your program will go away.” </li></ul>National Fair Housing Alliance Conference June 8, 2009
  14. 14. <ul><li>Secretary Donavan used Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing 8 times. </li></ul><ul><li>He used AFFH and CDBG in the same sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>He used the term Disparate Impact and he used it correctly! </li></ul>National Fair Housing Alliance Conference June 8, 2009
  15. 15. <ul><li>HUD Assist. Sec. for FHEO, John Trasvina </li></ul><ul><li>“ HUD is back open for business. HUD has been on the sidelines for too long. HUD will advance communication, commitment, & consistency.” </li></ul>National Fair Housing Alliance Conference June 8, 2009
  16. 16. How to use Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing as a Tool <ul><li>Refusal to accept Section 8 vouchers is an impediment to fair housing and should be in every Analysis of Impediments in Florida. </li></ul><ul><li>If the AI and Comp Plan state that the lack of affordable housing is an issue, then resistance from local governments to affordable housing development is in direct conflict with Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Fair Housing Act Design & Construction Accessibility Requirements
  18. 18. FACT!!! <ul><li>As a protected class, persons with disabilities are the only minority group that can be discriminated against solely by the design of the built environment. </li></ul>
  19. 19. FHAA Accessibility Requirements <ul><li>Failure to design and construct certain covered multifamily dwellings built for first first occupancy after March 13, 1991 is a violation of the Act. </li></ul><ul><li>Residential multifamily dwellings include condos, single-story townhouses, garden apartments, vacation timeshares, dormitories, homeless shelters, etc. </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Multifamily buildings consisting of four or more units. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multifamily buildings with one or more elevators will make all units accessible. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multifamily buildings without an elevator will make all ground-floor units (including ground-floors at different levels in the same building) accessible. </li></ul></ul>Covered Multifamily Dwellings
  21. 21. <ul><li>Accessible Entrance on an Accessible Route </li></ul><ul><li>Accessible Public and Common-Use Areas </li></ul><ul><li>Usable Doors </li></ul><ul><li>Accessible Routes Into and Through the Dwelling Unit </li></ul><ul><li>Accessible Light Switches, Electrical Outlets, and Environmental Controls </li></ul><ul><li>Reinforced Walls in Bathrooms </li></ul><ul><li>Usable Kitchens and Bathrooms </li></ul>Seven Design Requirements
  22. 22. Other Current Issues <ul><li>The Recovery Act </li></ul><ul><li>Future Transformation of HUD </li></ul><ul><li>Promoting Energy Efficiency & Creating Green Jobs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>HUD MOU with Dept. of Energy to increase energy efficiency in all HUD funded properties </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Change how HUD collects and Manages Data </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase speed and transparency </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Increase Enforcement of the Fair Housing Design & Construction Requirements </li></ul>Other Current Issues
  24. 24. <ul><li>Interpretations in the ADA definition affect the Fair Housing Act </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Determination that a person has a disability, is made without medication or devices that ameliorate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loss of bodily functions is a disability </li></ul></ul>Other Current Issues
  25. 25. <ul><li>Denying Access to Programs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex: Steps into a housing office effectively denies access to programs and services. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>504 Properties </li></ul><ul><ul><li>5% minimum Uniform Federal Accessibility (UFAS) standards and 2% for sensory disabilities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Purchase properties that can be made accessible </li></ul><ul><li>Provide the most integrated setting possible (DO NOT have separate buildings or location of services) </li></ul>Other Current Issues
  26. 26. Other Current Issues <ul><li>Limited English Proficiency (LEP) General Guidelines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When there is greater than 5% Eligible Population in the service area, LEP materials should be provided unrequested. </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. How to contact FHC <ul><li>Location: </li></ul><ul><li>4760 N. US Hwy. 1, Suite 203 </li></ul><ul><li>Melbourne, FL 32935 </li></ul><ul><li>Telephone: 321-757-3532 </li></ul><ul><li>Toll Free : 888-246-5619 </li></ul><ul><li>Fax : 321-633-5198 </li></ul><ul><li>Email: [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Website: </li></ul>
  28. 28. Remember! <ul><li>Fair Housing is not just your right . . .it’s the law! </li></ul>For more information about your fair housing rights, visit the HUD website @