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www.thalesgroup.com         Heterogeneous Manycore with Self Adaptive Capabilities                        and the Correspo...
2 /                                        Manycore: main issue for industry          Programmability:                   ...
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5 /                                                                         •Tools                                        ...
6 /                                      Homogeneous manycores      Parallelisation is the only way                       ...
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9 /                                Fabric                                                        Cluster                  ...
10 /                                                                                 and …                                ...
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13 /                                                            Fabric                                                    ...
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15 /                                     Most important Advantages       Increase accessibility to heterogeneous manycores...
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17 /                                   Self adaptive capabilities, why?       •Tobe able to dynamically adapt the architec...
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19 /The information contained in this document and any attachments are the property of THALES. You are hereby notified tha...
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23 /                                                           data_transfer                                              ...
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25 /                                                                   Tool flow and MoC  •Optimisation and parallelisatio...
26 /                                                     Tool flow and MoC The Tool flow is based on                      ...
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29 /                                   nodes                                                                              ...
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32 /                                                                         Dynamicity at cluster group level           e...
33 /                                                                       Start a new part of the application           e...
34 /                                                                                  Modification of the behaviour       ...
35 /                                                               Modification of the parallelisation level           eve...
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37 /                                                                      Dynamic relocation                              ...
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39 /                        A Virtualisation Layer for self adaptive capabilities  Virtualisation services provide a high ...
AI                                                                               NI                                       ...
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42 /                                                                                        NoC                           ...
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RAW 2012

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RAW 2012

  1. 1. www.thalesgroup.com Heterogeneous Manycore with Self Adaptive Capabilities and the Corresponding Industrial Needs RAW 2012 Fabrice Lemonnier, 22nd May, 2012Research & Technology
  2. 2. 2 / Manycore: main issue for industry  Programmability: The information contained in this document and any attachments are the property of THALES. You are hereby notified that any review, dissemination, distribution, copying or  Time to market  Development cost  Reuse of legacy software otherwise use of this document is strictly prohibited without Thales prior written approval. ©THALES 2011. Template trtp version 7.0.8 Why take so many risks with manycore ? Most of industrials want to continue like the past few years: compile without thinking (as much as possible) ! No more Free lunch ! In the near future the processors will all be made of multi-cores and many- cores. Nevertheless, can we provide solutions to ease the programmation ?
  3. 3. 3 / Tile-Gx100 from Tilera: 100 cores •SMP •Bare •Standard •Standard •Multicore Linux Programmability: environmentTM (MDE) Development C/C++ languages Metal Environment Debugging Tools (gdb 7)The information contained in this document and any attachments are the property of THALES. You are hereby notified that any review, dissemination, distribution, copying or Programmability: Homogeneous manycoresotherwise use of this document is strictly prohibited without Thales prior written approval. ©THALES 2011. Template trtp version 7.0.8
  4. 4. 4 / Multiprocessor CUDA parallel multi-threading Programmability: C/C++, openCL, … Fermi from Nvidia 512 cores organised in 16 Streaming programming model: Programming languages:The information contained in this document and any attachments are the property of THALES. You are hereby notified that any review, dissemination, distribution, copying or Programmability: Homogeneous manycoresotherwise use of this document is strictly prohibited without Thales prior written approval. ©THALES 2011. Template trtp version 7.0.8
  5. 5. 5 / •Tools sigmaC •specific the application Programmability: MPPA from Kalray: 256 cores organised in 16 clusters to automatically map data flow language:The information contained in this document and any attachments are the property of THALES. You are hereby notified that any review, dissemination, distribution, copying or Programmability: Homogeneous manycoresotherwise use of this document is strictly prohibited without Thales prior written approval. ©THALES 2011. Template trtp version 7.0.8
  6. 6. 6 / Homogeneous manycores Parallelisation is the only way The information contained in this document and any attachments are the property of THALES. You are hereby notified that any review, dissemination, distribution, copying or to raise computing power for a low power consumption. Homogeneity eases the otherwise use of this document is strictly prohibited without Thales prior written approval. ©THALES 2011. Template trtp version 7.0.8 programming aspects Maximum of performance is reached only for static application. Moreover, tools can be used to make automatic optimisation through data parallelism and generate static allocation and scheduling.
  7. 7. 7 / •targeted application domain Customisation Australian Desert Animal: the Thorny DevilCustomization is necessary to raise the efficiency for a The information contained in this document and any attachments are the property of THALES. You are hereby notified that any review, dissemination, distribution, copying or But parallelisation is not enough otherwise use of this document is strictly prohibited without Thales prior written approval. ©THALES 2011. Template trtp version 7.0.8
  8. 8. 8 / OMAP: Communication market power consumption ratio) but for a dedicated domain Heterogeneity for the best efficiency (computing power –The information contained in this document and any attachments are the property of THALES. You are hereby notified that any review, dissemination, distribution, copying or MPSoCotherwise use of this document is strictly prohibited without Thales prior written approval. ©THALES 2011. Template trtp version 7.0.8
  9. 9. 9 / Fabric Cluster Cluster Cluster Cluster Cluster Cluster Cluster Cluster Cluster core Fabric Controller Heterogeneous manycore P2012 from STThe information contained in this document and any attachments are the property of THALES. You are hereby notified that any review, dissemination, distribution, copying or Heterogeneous manycoresotherwise use of this document is strictly prohibited without Thales prior written approval. ©THALES 2011. Template trtp version 7.0.8
  10. 10. 10 / and … Only affordable for large series of products. Dedicated to a specific domain of application no way to develop their own heterogeneous manycore Industry with small and medium series of products have An alternative is to use a combination between multicoreThe information contained in this document and any attachments are the property of THALES. You are hereby notified that any review, dissemination, distribution, copying or Heterogeneous manycoresotherwise use of this document is strictly prohibited without Thales prior written approval. ©THALES 2011. Template trtp version 7.0.8
  11. 11. 11 / ZYNQ: Xilinx FPGA with a dual core ARM A9 MPCoreThe information contained in this document and any attachments are the property of THALES. You are hereby notified that any review, dissemination, distribution, copying or FPGA + multicoreotherwise use of this document is strictly prohibited without Thales prior written approval. ©THALES 2011. Template trtp version 7.0.8
  12. 12. 12 / Package (MCP) Intel® Atom™ Processor E6x5C Series GPP + dedicated accelerators on FPGA on a Multi-ChipThe information contained in this document and any attachments are the property of THALES. You are hereby notified that any review, dissemination, distribution, copying or …or the inverse: GPP + FPGAotherwise use of this document is strictly prohibited without Thales prior written approval. ©THALES 2011. Template trtp version 7.0.8
  13. 13. 13 / Fabric Cluster Cluster Cluster ZYNQ Cluster Cluster Cluster Cluster Cluster Cluster core Fabric Controller A combination between the heterogeneous manycore solution like P2012 and the FPGA+multicore approach likeThe information contained in this document and any attachments are the property of THALES. You are hereby notified that any review, dissemination, distribution, copying or Our propositionotherwise use of this document is strictly prohibited without Thales prior written approval. ©THALES 2011. Template trtp version 7.0.8
  14. 14. 14 / • • A FPGA layer A manycore layer A 3D stacked chip based on:The information contained in this document and any attachments are the property of THALES. You are hereby notified that any review, dissemination, distribution, copying or Our propositionotherwise use of this document is strictly prohibited without Thales prior written approval. ©THALES 2011. Template trtp version 7.0.8
  15. 15. 15 / Most important Advantages Increase accessibility to heterogeneous manycores The information contained in this document and any attachments are the property of THALES. You are hereby notified that any review, dissemination, distribution, copying or technology by allowing a customisation by the user Reduction of the impact of the NRC otherwise use of this document is strictly prohibited without Thales prior written approval. ©THALES 2011. Template trtp version 7.0.8 Allow implementation of self adaptive capabilities necessary for the future interactive applications and the constraints of the current and future technologies
  16. 16. 16 / low volume Cognitive radio low power consumption Embedded Real-Time Applications Smart cameraUAV Adapt to environment  dynamicity, flexibility & dependabilityThe information contained in this document and any attachments are the property of THALES. You are hereby notified that any review, dissemination, distribution, copying or Future applications issuesotherwise use of this document is strictly prohibited without Thales prior written approval. ©THALES 2011. Template trtp version 7.0.8
  17. 17. 17 / Self adaptive capabilities, why? •Tobe able to dynamically adapt the architecture to the The information contained in this document and any attachments are the property of THALES. You are hereby notified that any review, dissemination, distribution, copying or current request of the application for the same power consumption •Evolutionof the technology: reduction of the reliability otherwise use of this document is strictly prohibited without Thales prior written approval. ©THALES 2011. Template trtp version 7.0.8 and the yield of current and future sub-micron technologies -> adaptation depending on the faulty cores. •Increase energy efficiency •Increasethe programming efficiency by taking a part of the mapping complexity at runtime •Temperature management -> adaptation of the application mapping
  18. 18. 18 / • • •Main •FOSFOR Projects: •Morpheus drawbacks: multicore on FPGA the scalability of the solution the limitation of the size of the FPGA area technologies managed by an ARM processor. (ANR project): distributed OS for heterogeneous (FP6 project): heterogeneous chip with 3 FPGAThe information contained in this document and any attachments are the property of THALES. You are hereby notified that any review, dissemination, distribution, copying or State of the artotherwise use of this document is strictly prohibited without Thales prior written approval. ©THALES 2011. Template trtp version 7.0.8
  19. 19. 19 /The information contained in this document and any attachments are the property of THALES. You are hereby notified that any review, dissemination, distribution, copying orotherwise use of this document is strictly prohibited without Thales prior written approval. ©THALES 2011. Template trtp version 7.0.8
  20. 20. 20 / Model of Computation Optimisation tools Model of Execution Model of programmationCommon Interfaces strategies of relocation Flexible Hardware The information contained in this document and any attachments are the property of THALES. You are hereby notified that any review, dissemination, distribution, copying or Holistic Approach otherwise use of this document is strictly prohibited without Thales prior written approval. ©THALES 2011. Template trtp version 7.0.8
  21. 21. 21 / Model of Computation Optimisation tools Model of Execution Model of programmationCommon Interfaces strategies of relocation Flexible Hardware The information contained in this document and any attachments are the property of THALES. You are hereby notified that any review, dissemination, distribution, copying or Holistic Approach otherwise use of this document is strictly prohibited without Thales prior written approval. ©THALES 2011. Template trtp version 7.0.8
  22. 22. 22 / GPP DSP nodes eFPGA nodes Slave Nodes Master Nodes Master-slave execution model data DMA requests DMA NI NI NoC GPP Node control / status node accelerator acc requests Accelerator Interface (AI)The information contained in this document and any attachments are the property of THALES. You are hereby notified that any review, dissemination, distribution, copying or Programming efficiency: common execution modelotherwise use of this document is strictly prohibited without Thales prior written approval. ©THALES 2011. Template trtp version 7.0.8
  23. 23. 23 / data_transfer requests FIFOsspecificities DMA wait_sync send_data receive_data send_sync2acc send_sync2gpp GPP synchro (master) work wait_sync or (slave) Accelerat send_sync2dmuEnsure hardware and softwareindependency with the accelerator The information contained in this document and any attachments are the property of THALES. You are hereby notified that any review, dissemination, distribution, copying or Master-slave execution model otherwise use of this document is strictly prohibited without Thales prior written approval. ©THALES 2011. Template trtp version 7.0.8
  24. 24. 24 / Model of Computation Optimisation tools Model of Execution Model of programmationCommon Interfaces strategies of relocation Flexible Hardware The information contained in this document and any attachments are the property of THALES. You are hereby notified that any review, dissemination, distribution, copying or Holistic Approach otherwise use of this document is strictly prohibited without Thales prior written approval. ©THALES 2011. Template trtp version 7.0.8
  25. 25. 25 / Tool flow and MoC •Optimisation and parallelisation tools can only be used on static applications. The information contained in this document and any attachments are the property of THALES. You are hereby notified that any review, dissemination, distribution, copying or •Necessity to identify static clusters inside the applications based on SDF/CSDF MoC otherwise use of this document is strictly prohibited without Thales prior written approval. ©THALES 2011. Template trtp version 7.0.8 Act ActSDF, CSDF MoC Act Act Act : Actor Act : static cluster Act Act Act : Clusters group managed by one state management : Cluster group input/output actor: consume and produce token of data with : Cluster input/output predefined and static rules
  26. 26. 26 / Tool flow and MoC The Tool flow is based on Application (C code) 2 main tools: The information contained in this document and any attachments are the property of THALES. You are hereby notified that any review, dissemination, distribution, copying or •Thales tool: SpearDE Graphic C to SpearDE •ACE tool: Cosy input representation (manual) Conversion (Cosy) otherwise use of this document is strictly prohibited without Thales prior written approval. ©THALES 2011. Template trtp version 7.0.8 Data architecture parallelisation representation Mapping (SpearDE) Streaming optimisation (Cosy) Compilation (Cosy) Library of IPs executable code Slave cores Master cores
  27. 27. 27 / A1 A3 Ax A2 A4 A5 cluster1 : partition : static cluster : cluster input/output: partition input/output : Actor number x A3 A1 A4 A2 partition2 partition1 A5 partition3 cluster1p1 A1.4 A1.3 A1.1 A1.2 A2.4 A2.3 A2.1 A2.2 •DSP •FPGA A3 A4 A5 •DSP •FPGA cluster1p1 •DSP •GPP The information contained in this document and any attachments are the property of THALES. You are hereby notified that any review, dissemination, distribution, copying or Tools : partitionning, parallelisation and mapping otherwise use of this document is strictly prohibited without Thales prior written approval. ©THALES 2011. Template trtp version 7.0.8
  28. 28. 28 / Model of Computation Optimisation tools Model of Execution Model of programmationCommon Interfaces strategies of relocation Flexible Hardware The information contained in this document and any attachments are the property of THALES. You are hereby notified that any review, dissemination, distribution, copying or Holistic Approach otherwise use of this document is strictly prohibited without Thales prior written approval. ©THALES 2011. Template trtp version 7.0.8
  29. 29. 29 / nodes Generic Interfaces accelerators GPP nodes Heterogeneous Homogeneous AI NI NI DSP Node GPP Node AI NI NI Node GPP Node Dedicated Accelerator HW acc.) NoC AI NI NI Node GPP Node Dedicated AcceleratoreFPGA Domain (Reconfigurable NI DDR Ctrl. NI NI I/O Config. Ctrl. The information contained in this document and any attachments are the property of THALES. You are hereby notified that any review, dissemination, distribution, copying or Modularity and scalability: common interfaces otherwise use of this document is strictly prohibited without Thales prior written approval. ©THALES 2011. Template trtp version 7.0.8
  30. 30. 30 / Model of Computation Optimisation tools Model of Execution Model of programmationCommon Interfaces strategies of relocation Flexible Hardware The information contained in this document and any attachments are the property of THALES. You are hereby notified that any review, dissemination, distribution, copying or Holistic Approach otherwise use of this document is strictly prohibited without Thales prior written approval. ©THALES 2011. Template trtp version 7.0.8
  31. 31. 31 / event Act Act Act Act Act states management Act Act state 2 state 1 Act state 3 cluster group Act : Actor : static cluster : Cluster input/output : Cluster group input/output : Clusters group managed by one state managementThe information contained in this document and any attachments are the property of THALES. You are hereby notified that any review, dissemination, distribution, copying or Dynamicity: the cluster groupotherwise use of this document is strictly prohibited without Thales prior written approval. ©THALES 2011. Template trtp version 7.0.8
  32. 32. 32 / Dynamicity at cluster group level event cluster group 1 event cluster group 4 states management event cluster group 3 states management states management state 1 The information contained in this document and any attachments are the property of THALES. You are hereby notified that any review, dissemination, distribution, copying or state 1 state 1 Act Act nop Act Act Act sensor data Act Act otherwise use of this document is strictly prohibited without Thales prior written approval. ©THALES 2011. Template trtp version 7.0.8 event cluster group 5 states management state 1 event cluster group 2 states management Act Act Act s Act Act c g sensor a state 1.1 a data Act : Actor state 2 t Act Act t Act t h Act Act Act e e : static cluster Act Act r r Act Act : Clusters group managed state 1.2 by one state management Act Act Act : Cluster group input/output : Cluster input/output Act Act
  33. 33. 33 / Start a new part of the application event cluster group 1 event cluster group 4 states management event cluster group 3 states management states management state 1 The information contained in this document and any attachments are the property of THALES. You are hereby notified that any review, dissemination, distribution, copying or state 1 Act Act Act Act Act sensor data state 2 Act Act otherwise use of this document is strictly prohibited without Thales prior written approval. ©THALES 2011. Template trtp version 7.0.8 Act Act Act Act event cluster group 5 states management state 1 event cluster group 2 states management Act Act Act s Act Act c g sensor a state 1.1 a data Act : Actor state 2 t Act Act t Act t h Act Act Act e e : static cluster Act Act r r Act Act : Clusters group managed state 1.2 by one state management Act Act Act : Cluster group input/output : Cluster input/output Act Act
  34. 34. 34 / Modification of the behaviour event cluster group 1 event cluster group 4 states management event cluster group 3 states management states management The information contained in this document and any attachments are the property of THALES. You are hereby notified that any review, dissemination, distribution, copying or state 1 Act Act Act sensor state 2 data state 2 Act Act Act Act otherwise use of this document is strictly prohibited without Thales prior written approval. ©THALES 2011. Template trtp version 7.0.8 Act Act Act Act Act event cluster group 5 states management state 1 event cluster group 2 states management Act Act Act s Act Act c g sensor a state 1.1 a data Act : Actor state 2 t Act Act t Act t h Act Act Act e e : static cluster Act Act r r Act Act : Clusters group managed state 1.2 by one state management Act Act Act : Cluster group input/output : Cluster input/output Act Act
  35. 35. 35 / Modification of the parallelisation level event cluster group 1 event cluster group 4 states management event cluster group 3 states management states management The information contained in this document and any attachments are the property of THALES. You are hereby notified that any review, dissemination, distribution, copying or state 1 Act Act Act sensor state 2 data state 2 Act Act Act Act otherwise use of this document is strictly prohibited without Thales prior written approval. ©THALES 2011. Template trtp version 7.0.8 Act Act Act Act Act event cluster group 5 states management state 1 event cluster group 2 states management Act Act Act s Act Act c g sensor a a data Act : Actor state 2 t t t h Act Act Act e e : static cluster r r Act Act : Clusters group managed by one state management : Cluster group input/output : Cluster input/output
  36. 36. 36 / A1.4 A1.3 A1.2 A1.1 relocation A2.4 A2.3 A2.2 A2.1 •FPGA A3 A4 A5 •FPGA •GPP cluster1p1 A1.4 A1.3 A1.2 A1.1 relocation A2.4 A2.3 A2.2 A2.1 •DSP A3 A4 A5 •DSP •GPP cluster1p1 A1.2 A1.4 A1.3 A1.1 relocation A2.4 A2.3 A2.2 A2.1 •DSP A3 A4 A5 •DSP •DSP timeThe information contained in this document and any attachments are the property of THALES. You are hereby notified that any review, dissemination, distribution, copying or Dynamicity at cluster levelotherwise use of this document is strictly prohibited without Thales prior written approval. ©THALES 2011. Template trtp version 7.0.8 cluster1p1
  37. 37. 37 / Dynamic relocation thread1 thread3 thread1 thread2thread2 thread4 The information contained in this document and any attachments are the property of THALES. You are hereby notified that any review, dissemination, distribution, copying or API I/O Acc1 Acc1 Acc3 Acc4 DDR ctrl GPP GPP GPP GPP GPP GPP otherwise use of this document is strictly prohibited without Thales prior written approval. ©THALES 2011. Template trtp version 7.0.8 NoC runtime Dynamic relocation compile time I/O Acc1 thread1 thread2 Acc3 thread1 thread2 thread3 thread4 Acc1 Acc4 API Tools for Tools for parallelisation parallelisation and mapping and mapping Application
  38. 38. 38 / Model of Computation Optimisation tools Model of Execution Model of programmationCommon Interfaces strategies of relocation Flexible Hardware The information contained in this document and any attachments are the property of THALES. You are hereby notified that any review, dissemination, distribution, copying or Holistic Approach otherwise use of this document is strictly prohibited without Thales prior written approval. ©THALES 2011. Template trtp version 7.0.8
  39. 39. 39 / A Virtualisation Layer for self adaptive capabilities Virtualisation services provide a high level of abstraction of the heterogeneous resources: communication and accelerators management The information contained in this document and any attachments are the property of THALES. You are hereby notified that any review, dissemination, distribution, copying or Self adaptive services define actions to be taken depending on events (monitoring): relocation, DVFS,… Allocation file Application otherwise use of this document is strictly prohibited without Thales prior written approval. ©THALES 2011. Template trtp version 7.0.8 Self adaptive services ACTIONVirtualisation Virtualisation Layer services MONITORING DIAGNOSIS O = F(L) SYSTEM kernel Monitoring Actuators Task Memory Network Communication Scheduler Cluster Semaphore mngt mngt services management mngt event mngt
  40. 40. AI NI NI 40 / DSP Node GPP Node AI NI NI Node GPP Node Dedicated Accelerator NoC AI NI NI Node GPP Node Dedicated Accelerator NI DDR Ctrl. NI Config. Ctrl. eFPGA Domain (Reconfigurable HW acc.) NI I/O Accelerator/Virtual Code Mapping MONITORING ACTION SYSTEM O = F(L) DIAGNOSIS Dynamic allocation / bindingThe information contained in this document and any attachments are the property of THALES. You are hereby notified that any review, dissemination, distribution, copying or Self-adaptationotherwise use of this document is strictly prohibited without Thales prior written approval. ©THALES 2011. Template trtp version 7.0.8
  41. 41. 41 / Model of Computation Optimisation tools Model of Execution Model of programmationCommon Interfaces strategies of relocation Flexible Hardware The information contained in this document and any attachments are the property of THALES. You are hereby notified that any review, dissemination, distribution, copying or Holistic Approach otherwise use of this document is strictly prohibited without Thales prior written approval. ©THALES 2011. Template trtp version 7.0.8
  42. 42. 42 / NoC Homogeneous manycore Tile Tile Tile Tile Tile Tile Tile FlexTiles: a 3D stack chip Tile Tile 3D stacked reconfigurable layerThe information contained in this document and any attachments are the property of THALES. You are hereby notified that any review, dissemination, distribution, copying or New dynamic reconfigurable technologyotherwise use of this document is strictly prohibited without Thales prior written approval. ©THALES 2011. Template trtp version 7.0.8

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