Psychological Foundation of Education

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Foundations of Education: Psychological Foundation of Education: Report Outline: Balangay Group

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Psychological Foundation of Education

  1. 1. PSYCHOLOGICAL FOUNDATION OF EDUCATION The Learner Understanding Growth and DevelopmentTheories of Development Individual Differences Learning Process The Nature of Learning ProcessBasic Theories of Learning Motivation in Learning The Learning SituationThe Teacher: A Key Factor in Learning The Teacher Learning Process Exemplified Theories of Instruction The Teacher
  2. 2. PSYCHOLOGICAL FOUNDATION OF EDUCATION The Learner Understanding Growth Teaching and Learning are and DevelopmentTheories of Development psychological processes. The Teacher who Individual Differences adeptly understand these process will be in a Learning Process better position to select and use the methods The Nature of Learning Process and techniques that will promote effectiveBasic Theories of Learning learning. Motivation in Learning The Learning SituationThe Teacher: A Key Factor There are three components of the in Learning The Teacher Learning educative process which have been the Process Exemplified Theories of Instruction concerns of both psychologist and teachers. The Teacher
  3. 3. PSYCHOLOGICAL FOUNDATION OF EDUCATION The Learner Understanding Growth THE LEARNER and DevelopmentTheories of Development The center of any education is the Individual Differences Learner. Without the learner, there would be Learning Process no need for teaching. The teacher’s success to The Nature of Learning Process guide the learner in the learning process willBasic Theories of Learning Motivation in Learning depend greatly upon his insights into the The Learning Situation various factors basic to growth andThe Teacher: A Key Factor in Learning development and his knowledge of the The Teacher Learning Process Exemplified developmental characteristics of the learner. Theories of Instruction The Teacher
  4. 4. PSYCHOLOGICAL FOUNDATION OF EDUCATION The Learner UNDERSTANDING GROWTH Understanding Growth and Development AND DEVELOPMENTTheories of Development Individual Differences • The importance of Growth and Development Learning Process (Factors in Growth and Development) The Nature of Learning ProcessBasic Theories of Learning • Basic Principles of Growth and Development Motivation in Learning The Learning Situation • The Learners Stages of DevelopmentThe Teacher: A Key Factor in Learning The Teacher Learning Process Exemplified Theories of Instruction The Teacher
  5. 5. PSYCHOLOGICAL FOUNDATION OF EDUCATION The Learner Understanding Growth THEORIES OF DEVELOPMENT and DevelopmentTheories of Development • Freuds Psychoanalytic Theory Individual Differences Learning Process • Erickson’s Psychosocial Theory The Nature of Learning ProcessBasic Theories of Learning • Piaget’s Cognitive Development Theory Motivation in Learning The Learning Situation • Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral DevelopmentThe Teacher: A Key Factor in Learning The Teacher Learning Process Exemplified Theories of Instruction The Teacher
  6. 6. PSYCHOLOGICAL FOUNDATION OF EDUCATION The Learner Understanding Growth INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES and DevelopmentTheories of Development No two individuals can be exactly Individual Differences alike in their resulting development and Learning Process adjustments. The unique characteristics and The Nature of Learning traits emerges as children pass from one ProcessBasic Theories of Learning stage to another. Motivation in Learning Aside from number of factors the The Learning Situation following specific factors are consideredThe Teacher: A Key Factor in Learning significant in school learning: Age, Sex, and The Teacher Learning Process Exemplified Family and Community Backgrounds. Theories of Instruction The Teacher
  7. 7. PSYCHOLOGICAL FOUNDATION OF EDUCATION The Learner Understanding Growth THE LEARNING PROCESS and DevelopmentTheories of Development Learning is a process that involves Individual Differences change in behavior resulting from experience. Learning Process Learning, being the core of the teaching The Nature of Learning Process learning process, has to be well understood byBasic Theories of Learning Motivation in Learning a teacher The Learning SituationThe Teacher: A Key Factor in Learning The Teacher Learning Process Exemplified Theories of Instruction The Teacher
  8. 8. PSYCHOLOGICAL FOUNDATION OF EDUCATION The Learner Understanding Growth THE NATURE OF THE LEARNING and Development PROCESSTheories of Development Individual Differences Formal Education is based on the premise that the learning process can be Learning Process directed and facilitated. Such direction and The Nature of Learning Process facilitation, however, is not a simple task.Basic Theories of Learning Unless a teacher has a clear knowledge and Motivation in Learning understanding of this process he will find it difficult to set the condition that will facilitate The Learning Situation learning success on part of the learners.The Teacher: A Key Factor in Learning The Teacher Learning • What is the significance of Learning? Process Exemplified Theories of Instruction • What are the different Types of Learning? The Teacher
  9. 9. PSYCHOLOGICAL FOUNDATION OF EDUCATION The Learner Understanding Growth 2 BASIC THEORIES OF LEARNING and DevelopmentTheories of Development • Association Theory (Stimulus Response Individual Differences Theory) Learning Process The Nature of Learning Thorndike’s Connectionism/Associationism, ProcessBasic Theories of Learning Conditioning Theories: Pavlov’s Classical Motivation in Learning Conditioning, The Learning SituationThe Teacher: A Key Factor B. F. Skinner’s Operant Conditioning in Learning The Teacher Learning Albert Bandura’s Social Learning Theory Process Exemplified Theories of Instruction The Teacher
  10. 10. PSYCHOLOGICAL FOUNDATION OF EDUCATION The Learner Understanding Growth 2 BASIC THEORIES OF LEARNING and DevelopmentTheories of Development • Cognitive Field Theory Individual Differences Kohler’s Insight Theory, Learning Process The Nature of Learning Gestalt Laws, ProcessBasic Theories of Learning Lewin’s Topological and Vector Theory Motivation in Learning Jerome Bruner’s Theory, The Learning SituationThe Teacher: A Key Factor Information Processing Theory in Learning The Teacher Learning Process Exemplified Theories of Instruction The Teacher
  11. 11. PSYCHOLOGICAL FOUNDATION OF EDUCATION The Learner Understanding Growth MOTIVATION IN LEARNING and DevelopmentTheories of Development The most effective learning takes place Individual Differences where there is maximum mental activity through strong motivation. Learning Process The Nature of Learning Process Motivation is process in which theBasic Theories of Learning individual attention and interest are aroused Motivation in Learning and directed toward definite goals to the The Learning Situation extent that his needs, whether basic orThe Teacher: A Key Factor acquired are involved and become motivators in Learning of the individual’s attention and interest. The Teacher Learning Process Exemplified Theories of Instruction The Teacher
  12. 12. PSYCHOLOGICAL FOUNDATION OF EDUCATION The Learner Understanding Growth THE LEARNING SITUATION and DevelopmentTheories of Development An important aspect of the educative Individual Differences process is the Learning Situation. The learning Learning Process situation refers to the conditions outside the The Nature of Learning Process learner which affects the learning.Basic Theories of Learning Motivation in Learning Although it was said that the learning in The Learning Situation the classroom may occur in spite of theThe Teacher: A Key Factor teacher, it cannot be denied that the teacher is in Learning The Teacher Learning still the key in classroom learning. Process Exemplified Theories of Instruction The Teacher
  13. 13. PSYCHOLOGICAL FOUNDATION OF EDUCATION The Learner THE TEACHER: As a Key Factor in the Understanding Growth and Development Classroom Learning SituationTheories of Development Individual Differences • As a Model Learning Process • As a Manager of the Classroom Learning The Nature of Learning Process SituationBasic Theories of Learning Motivation in Learning • As Facilitator of Learning The Learning Situation • As Evaluator of Student LearningThe Teacher: A Key Factor in Learning The Teacher Learning Process Exemplified Theories of Instruction The Teacher
  14. 14. PSYCHOLOGICAL FOUNDATION OF EDUCATION The Learner Understanding Growth THE TEACHER LEARNING PROCESS and Development EXEMPLIFIEDTheories of Development Individual Differences • Use of Motivation in the Teaching Learning Process Learning Process Intrinsic vs. Extrinsic, Goal setting, Feedback on The Nature of Learning Process Progress, Reward vs. Punishment, Learner’sBasic Theories of Learning interest Motivation in Learning • Communication: A basic tool in Learning The Learning SituationThe Teacher: A Key Factor • Teaching Styles in Learning The Teacher Learning Traditional Teacher vs. Facilitating Teacher Process Exemplified Theories of Instruction The Teacher
  15. 15. PSYCHOLOGICAL FOUNDATION OF EDUCATION The Learner THEORIES OF INSTRUCTION Understanding Growth and DevelopmentTheories of Development • Gagne’s Condition of Learning Individual Differences Signal Learning, Stimulus-Response Learning , Learning Process The Nature of Learning Chaining, Verbal Association, Discrimination ProcessBasic Theories of Learning Learning, Principle Learning and Problem Motivation in Learning Solving The Learning Situation • Bloom’s Mastery Learning ModelThe Teacher: A Key Factor in Learning The Teacher Learning Process Exemplified Theories of Instruction The Teacher
  16. 16. PSYCHOLOGICAL FOUNDATION OF EDUCATION The Learner The Teacher - An Instrument of Power Understanding Growth by Haim Ginott and Development I have come to a frightening conclusion.Theories of Development I am the decisive element in the classroom. Individual Differences It is my personal approach that creates the climate. Learning Process It is my daily mood that makes the weather. The Nature of Learning As a teacher I possess tremendous power Process to make a childs life miserable or joyous.Basic Theories of Learning I can be a tool of torture Motivation in Learning or an instrument of inspiration. The Learning Situation I can humiliate or humor, hurt or heal.The Teacher: A Key Factor In all situations, it is my response in Learning that decides whether a crisis will be escalated or The Teacher Learning de-escalated, Process Exemplified and a child humanized or de-humanized. Theories of Instruction The Teacher
  17. 17. PSYCHOLOGICAL FOUNDATION OF EDUCATION The Learner Understanding Growth and DevelopmentTheories of Development Individual Differences Learning Process The Nature of Learning ProcessBasic Theories of Learning Motivation in Learning The Learning SituationThe Teacher: A Key Factor in Learning The Teacher Learning Process Exemplified Theories of Instruction The Teacher

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