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Controlling Bleeding - Safety Talk


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Controlling Bleeding - Safety Talk

Learning how to control the blood flow from someone who is injured is one of the most essential first aid
skills we can learn.

Published in: Business
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Controlling Bleeding - Safety Talk

  1. 1. Controlling Bleeding Page 1 of 10 © PA Services Group - SMARTsafe 2013 Document Number: ST082 Revision 2013 1.0 This pack contains: • 7 - Page Talk Text • 4 - OHP Presentation Slide Pack Using the talks (Extract “How to Present Safety Talks”): Plan which topic you want to discuss with your team. Read through the script before you hold the meeting to familiarise yourself with the material. Start the talk with a comment that makes the topic relevant to the team. For example, if you have seen a number of people using ladders incorrectly, use this as your opening comment. Follow the script but don’t read straight from the page. The script is only a prompt and it will sound better if you use your own words. Ask the questions as they appear in the script. It is important you do this because they are a lead in to the next section of your talk. Give the team enough time to answer the questions. Safety talks can be boring for the team if you are the only one talking. Hand out the information sheets as they appear in the script. Don’t hand out all the information sheets at the start of the talk otherwise there is a temptation for the team to read ahead and not listen to the points you are making. Collect the information sheets at the end of the talk so they can be used again. Safety Talk Mini - Delivery Pack To obtain your full Safety Talk Delivery Pack go to: The full Safety Talk pack contains MS Office Editable documents : • 7 - Page Talk Text • 4 - OHP Presentation Slide Pack • 8 - A5 talk Handout Sheets • Assessment and Assessment Answers Sheet • Employee Attendance Register • A “How to Present Safety Talks Guide” Controlling Bleeding SAFETY AWARENESS KEPT SIMPLE SMARTsafe Safety Talks – ST082
  2. 2. Controlling Bleeding Page 4 of 10 © PA Services Group - SMARTsafe 2013 Document Number: ST082 Revision 2013 1.0 HOW THE BODY RESPONDS TO INJURY When the body begins to bleed it responds by: constricting the cut ends of the blood vessels to reduce the flow of blood; forming a blood clot to help seal off the wound; lowering blood pressure to reduce the force of the blood; and keeping the blood flowing to vital organs, particularly the brain, instead of letting it flow to other parts of the body, such as the limbs and the skin. MAJOR EXTERNAL BLEEDING Major external bleeding occurs when a deep cut or tear is made in the skin and damage is done to arteries or veins. Damage to arteries can be identified by bright red blood that spurts from the body. Damage to veins appears as a darker red blood that flows from the body. SYMPTOMS The two main symptoms of major external bleeding include: excessive blood loss; and signs that the patient is suffering from shock. Immediately after an injury, there may be little evidence of shock. The signs and symptoms will develop depending on: the severity of the injury; the continuation of fluid loss; and the effectiveness of managing the patient. Signs and symptoms of shock include: restlessness; thirst; extremities turning bluish in colour; patient becoming drowsy, confused or unconscious; rapid breathing; and an extremely weak, rapid pulse. “How does the body respond to bleeding?” Hand out sheet 1 – The body’s response to bleeding This document is a partial preview. Full document download can be found on Flevy:
  3. 3. Controlling Bleeding Page 7 of 10 © PA Services Group - SMARTsafe 2013 Document Number: ST082 Revision 2013 1.0 EAR INJURIES Bleeding from the ears may indicate a fractured base of the skull or other serious injuries. Blood or fluid escaping from the ears, severe pain and diminished hearing are all signs of a ruptured eardrum. Some of the causes of a bleeding ear include: a blow to the head; a fall; shock waves from an explosion; pressure damage while scuba diving; an infection; and from the invasion of a foreign object in your ear. Never seal or plug the ear but allow the fluid to drain freely. Place the patient on their side with the affected ear down. Do not allow them to walk. Place a sterile pad between the ear and the ground and seek urgent medical attention. NOSE BLEEDS The majority of nosebleeds are caused by damage to the blood vessels inside the nostrils. Nosebleeds can result in a great deal of blood loss and can cause the patient to swallow or inhale a large amount of blood. This in turn can cause vomiting or breathing difficulties. When treating a nosebleed the two main aims are to prevent the patient from inhaling the blood and to stem the bleeding. To treat a nosebleed you must: sit the patient up with their head slightly forward; loosen any tight clothing around the neck, chest and waist; advise the patient to breathe through their mouth and not to blow their nose; have the patient apply finger and thumb pressure on the soft part of the nostrils for at least ten minutes keep the patient cool with a supply of fresh air place cold, wet towels on the neck and forehead; if bleeding continues, reapply finger and thumb pressure for ten more minutes; and if bleeding persists, seek medical aid. “How do you think you should treat a nosebleed?” Hand out sheet 3 – Treating nosebleeds This document is a partial preview. Full document download can be found on Flevy:
  4. 4. Controlling Bleeding Page 10 of 10 © PA Services Group - SMARTsafe 2013 Document Number: ST082 Revision 2013 1.0 LICENCE AND LIMITATION OF LIABILITY Under copyright laws, the documentation may not be copied, photocopied, reproduced, translated or reduced to any electronic medium or machine-readable form, in whole or in part or sold or distributed without the prior written consent of PA Services Group Pty Ltd. SMARTsafe is a registered trademark of the PA Services Group. Copyright 2013 PA Services Group Pty Ltd GPO Box 924, Brisbane QLD 4001 Email: Under no circumstances shall PA Services Group Pty Ltd or associated Companies be liable for any loss, damage or injury (including without limitation any loss of profit, indirect, consequential or incremental loss, damage or injury) arising from the supply of this TALK or use of the MATERIAL and any accompanying written materials or any failure by PA Services Group Pty Ltd or trademarks products branded SMARTsafe perform any obligation or observe any terms of this agreement. By using this material the Purchaser agrees to the above terms. The laws of Australia govern this agreement. The artwork “IMAGES” in the Safety Talks are incorporated for viewing purposes. Reproducing the “IMAGES” in other documents or transferring them in electronic form is a breach of third party copyright. The “IMAGES” used in this material are drawn from photo stock and other sources. PA Services Group Pty Ltd has the right to make periodic changes, additions and deletions to the material and products described within the publications without notice. DISCLAIMER The information presented in the Safety Talks has been compiled from sources believed reliable. However it cannot be assumed that all acceptable measures are contained within the talk nor that other additional measures may not be required under particular, specific or exceptional circumstances and that your company, manufactures or statutory procedures and rules may apply and take precedence over this material. This document is a partial preview. Full document download can be found on Flevy:
  5. 5. Controlling Bleeding – ST082 © PA Services Group - SMARTsafe 2013 • Check the wound is free of foreign objects. • Apply direct pressure to control bleeding. • Get the casualty to lie down. • Elevate the bleeding point. • Do not remove large foreign objects as they may act as a plug and restrict bleeding. • Place a sterile, bulky, unmedicated dressing over the wound, pressing down firmly and securing it with a bandage. • Seek medical aid and transport the patient to a hospital in a calm and safe manner. Sheet 2 – Treating Major External Bleeding This document is a partial preview. Full document download can be found on Flevy:
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