Back Injury - Safety Talk


Published on

This Slideshare presentation is a partial preview of the full business document. To view and download the full document, please go here:

Back Injury - Safety Talk

Back injuries are the most common occupational injuries. Almost every occupation requires tasks to be performed that could result in a back injury. Back injuries are always painful and often permanent.
Taking care not to injure your back now will allow you to continue to do the things you enjoy later in life.

Published in: Business
1 Comment
  • Hi everyone,
    You can download the full document here:
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Back Injury - Safety Talk

  1. 1. Back Injury Page 1 of 10 © PA Services Group - SMARTsafe 2013 Document Number: ST076 Revision 2013 1.0 This pack contains: • 7 - Page Talk Text • 6 - OHP Presentation Slide Pack Using the talks (Extract “How to Present Safety Talks”): Plan which topic you want to discuss with your team. Read through the script before you hold the meeting to familiarise yourself with the material. Start the talk with a comment that makes the topic relevant to the team. For example, if you have seen a number of people using ladders incorrectly, use this as your opening comment. Follow the script but don’t read straight from the page. The script is only a prompt and it will sound better if you use your own words. Ask the questions as they appear in the script. It is important you do this because they are a lead in to the next section of your talk. Give the team enough time to answer the questions. Safety talks can be boring for the team if you are the only one talking. Hand out the information sheets as they appear in the script. Don’t hand out all the information sheets at the start of the talk otherwise there is a temptation for the team to read ahead and not listen to the points you are making. Collect the information sheets at the end of the talk so they can be used again. Safety Talk Mini - Delivery Pack To obtain your full Safety Talk Delivery Pack go to: The full Safety Talk pack contains MS Office Editable documents : • 7 - Page Talk Text • 6 - OHP Presentation Slide Pack • 12 - A5 talk Handout Sheets • Assessment and Assessment Answers Sheet • Employee Attendance Register • A “How to Present Safety Talks Guide” Back Injury SAFETY AWARENESS KEPT SIMPLE SMARTsafe Safety Talks – ST076
  2. 2. Back Injury Page 4 of 10 © PA Services Group - SMARTsafe 2013 Document Number: ST076 Revision 2013 1.0 STRUCTURE OF THE SPINE Before we begin to look at the causes of injuries and types of back injuries, it is important that you have a general understanding of how your spine is structured. This will help to show you how vulnerable your back really is. “Can anyone name three parts of the spine?” Hand out sheet 1 – Structure of the spine The main parts of the spine are: bones that make up the vertebrae of the spine; cartilage that is the elastic tissue between the bone; ligaments that join the bone and cartilage; muscle tissue that surrounds the bone and protects it; and nerves that link the spine to the rest of the body. The spine is surrounded by muscle to protect it. The majority of back injuries are caused by straining that muscle. CAUSES OF BACK INJURY Most back injuries can be avoided, simply by knowing what causes them. Activity 1 – Ask the participants to stay in their exact positions and not to move. Now, look around at the person next to you and have a look at the position in which they are standing or sitting. Q?: “Do you think the position that they are in could cause a back injury?” DISCUSS THIS A: If they are sitting, they may be slouching in their chair. This may not cause an immediate back injury, but it could over time. If they are standing, they could be stooped over. This can also have an effect on their back if this is their normal stance. This activity was designed to show you that something as simple as sitting or standing could cause a back injury. This document is a partial preview. Full document download can be found on Flevy:
  3. 3. Back Injury Page 7 of 10 © PA Services Group - SMARTsafe 2013 Document Number: ST076 Revision 2013 1.0 “How do you go about working out the risks involved in doing this?” Hand out sheet 5 – Assessing the risks Firstly, you should look at the task and use these simple guidelines to assess it. Where is the load currently stored – do you have to reach up or bend very low while lifting? If so, you may need to use help. Size up the load – is it small enough to carry, or is it so big there is a chance that you could strain your back? Test the weight – is it too heavy? Could it cause a back injury when lifting or carrying it? Check the shape of the object – is it too awkward to carry safely without hurting your back? Is the load balanced – you may have to check this by slightly lifting each end to check they are of equal weight. If the object is not balanced, all the weight will be on one side of your body, causing strain. Check the distance – do you have to put the object down during the trip? If so, this is increasing your chances of a back injury. Where is load to be moved to and stored – once again you should look to see if you need assistance in storing the load. If you do these checks before starting a task, you can identify if there are any risks of a back injury and do something about it. In this case, it may be as simple as using a trolley instead of carrying it. Assessing the task you are about to do is not the only way to prevent a back injury. By paying attention to a few details around the workplace you can help yourself and your work mates by making it a safer work area. Some things are your responsibility and others are shared responsibilities. “How can you help to reduce the chances of a back injury?” Hand out sheet 6 – Reducing Back Injuries Reducing the chances of a back injury can be done by: keeping the work area and walkways clear of any trip hazards; not lifting heavy objects on your own. Ask for someone to help you, or use a mechanical device that you are trained to use; sitting correctly in your chair, not slouching; keeping floor surfaces clean and dry to avoid slipping; arranging your work area so you are not stooped over your work; This document is a partial preview. Full document download can be found on Flevy:
  4. 4. Back Injury Page 10 of 10 © PA Services Group - SMARTsafe 2013 Document Number: ST076 Revision 2013 1.0 LICENCE AND LIMITATION OF LIABILITY Under copyright laws, the documentation may not be copied, photocopied, reproduced, translated or reduced to any electronic medium or machine-readable form, in whole or in part or sold or distributed without the prior written consent of PA Services Group Pty Ltd. SMARTsafe is a registered trademark of the PA Services Group. Copyright 2013 PA Services Group Pty Ltd GPO Box 924, Brisbane QLD 4001 Email: Under no circumstances shall PA Services Group Pty Ltd or associated Companies be liable for any loss, damage or injury (including without limitation any loss of profit, indirect, consequential or incremental loss, damage or injury) arising from the supply of this TALK or use of the MATERIAL and any accompanying written materials or any failure by PA Services Group Pty Ltd or trademarks products branded SMARTsafe perform any obligation or observe any terms of this agreement. By using this material the Purchaser agrees to the above terms. The laws of Australia govern this agreement. The artwork “IMAGES” in the Safety Talks are incorporated for viewing purposes. Reproducing the “IMAGES” in other documents or transferring them in electronic form is a breach of third party copyright. The “IMAGES” used in this material are drawn from photo stock and other sources. PA Services Group Pty Ltd has the right to make periodic changes, additions and deletions to the material and products described within the publications without notice. DISCLAIMER The information presented in the Safety Talks has been compiled from sources believed reliable. However it cannot be assumed that all acceptable measures are contained within the talk nor that other additional measures may not be required under particular, specific or exceptional circumstances and that your company, manufactures or statutory procedures and rules may apply and take precedence over this material. This document is a partial preview. Full document download can be found on Flevy:
  5. 5. Back Injury – ST076 © PA Services Group - SMARTsafe 2013 A large number of back injuries are caused by: • Bending or twisting to pick up heavy objects. • Bending or twisting to pick up awkward objects. • Over stretching or over reaching. • Slipping or tripping. • Falling and landing heavily. • Whiplash. • Pushing and pulling heavy loads. • Being hit in the back. Sheet 2 – Causes of Back Injuries Plan your work, think through the task. This document is a partial preview. Full document download can be found on Flevy:
  6. 6. Back Injury – ST076 © PA Services Group - SMARTsafe 2013 Lifting is a common cause of back injury always assess the risk: • Check to see if the load is too high or too low for easy lifting. • Size up the load. • Test the weight. • Check the shape to see if it will be awkward to carry. • Check if the load is balanced. • Check the distance you have to carry the load. • Check where the load is to be stored. Sheet 5 – Assessing the Risks This document is a partial preview. Full document download can be found on Flevy:
  7. 7. 1 Flevy ( is the marketplace for premium documents. These documents can range from Business Frameworks to Financial Models to PowerPoint Templates. Flevy was founded under the principle that companies waste a lot of time and money recreating the same foundational business documents. Our vision is for Flevy to become a comprehensive knowledge base of business documents. All organizations, from startups to large enterprises, can use Flevy— whether it's to jumpstart projects, to find reference or comparison materials, or just to learn. Contact Us Please contact us with any questions you may have about our company. • General Inquiries • Media/PR • Billing