SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 45
Electric Vehicles in Hot Weather
              “the other side of the bow tie”



         LIVE WEBINAR
    2pm EDT September, 2012
45min Presentation
15min Q&A

Audio Options:
- Use headset
- Call: 1 (647) 497-9387
- Access #: 783-744-346

Poll Questions:
- Don’t close window = you’ll
exit the webinar

Technical Questions:
- Message Megan
Hybrid & Electric Vehicles:   Decisions Destined for Success.      Car-Buying, Based on You.
Faster, Better, Cheaper       Save dollars, gallons, and tons.     Save dollars, gallons, & tons.

Services & prototypes sold    Products for vehicle selection and   Dealership product for customer
to vehicle OEM/               monitoring: FleetCarma TCO/ROI       engagement and conversion.
manufacturers.                and Energy & Emissions.              Decision-support for customers.
Conventional vehicles require conventional wisdom.
        EVs require EV wisdom
Cold Weather Webinar:
      Refresher
 “Bow ties and bathing suits”
Heating loads were significant
Heating loads varied by driver.
Heating loads varied by storage type
(ie. heated garage, outdoors, etc.)




Range started decreasing as soon as
the temperature was less than a
thermostat’s set point.

The decrease in range followed the
bow-tie analogy.
COMPLETED:                 NEEDED:
     The real-world           The real-world
performance of plug-ins   performance of plug-ins
    in cold weather           in hot weather
Hot Weather

…. The other side of the bow tie
EVs are often initially
                           Over 50 % of EVs expected to be sold in
rolled out in warmer
                           the US this year are located in the 17
weather states             hottest states.

e.g. Nissan LEAF initial   Drivers in warmer climates deserve
markets:                   consideration as well.




•   Arizona
•   California
•   Hawaii
•   Tennessee
•   Texas
•   Oregon
•   Washington
National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)

• Lab data on i-MiEV shows air conditioning
  reduces range from 34% to 46% depending
  on the mode




                                                             Nissan USA
                                                             • 70 miles: highway driving
                       -32%
                                                                at 95 °F (35 °C)
                              -30%   100%                    • 68 miles: city driving
                                                                at 110 °F (43 °C),

Provides great data for the “worst case”. What about real-world operation?



•
•
•
•
Nissan LEAF Range
                     Sorted by Range
miles km
   200
 125 200

   180
 113 180

   160
 100 160

   140
  88 140

   120
  75 120

   100
  63 100

  50   80
        80

  38   60
        60

  25   40
        40

  13   20
        20

  0     0
        0




             125
Chevrolet Volt: electric only available range
miles km                  Sorted by Range
  56 90

  50 80

  44 70

  38 60

  31 50

  25 40

  19 30

  13 20

  6   10

  0   0
Ford Transit Connect Range
miles km           Sorted by Range
  125 200
       200
  113180
      180

  100160
      160

  88 140
      140

  75 120
      120

  63 100
      100

  50   80
       80

  38   60
       60

  25   40
       40

  13   20
       20

   0    0
        0
Mitsubishi i-MiEV Range
                  Sorted by Range
miles km
   200
 125 200

   180
 113 180

   160
 100 160

   140
  88 140

   120
  75 120

   100
  63 100

  50   80
        80

  38   60
        60

  25    40
       40
  13    20
       20
  0     0
        0
2011 Transit Connect Electric “A”
                 Stored Outside                                                     “HVAC Harriett”
                                                                  Auxiliary Loads
                           4.5kW                        (incl. Heating & Cooling)
Auxiliary Load




                                                                        2.8kW



                                                     1.2kW



                                                     110km
                                                     68miles
Range




                                                                     89km
                                    72km                             55miles
                                    45miles
                                                                  Vehicle Range
                                     11C                23C                35C
                                     52F                73F                95F
2011 Transit Connect Electric “B”
                 Stored Inside Heated Garage                                       “Garage Gary”
                                                                 Auxiliary Loads
                                                       (incl. Heating & Cooling)
Auxiliary Load




                                                                        3.0kW


                            1.1kW
                                              1.1kW



                                                      108km
                                                      67miles
 Range




                                    97km
                                    60miles                             80km
                                                                        49miles
                                                                 Vehicle Range
                                    11C               23C                35C
                                    52F               73F                95F
2011 Transit Connect Electric “C”
                 Stored Outside                                                  “Fresh-Air Frank”
                                                               Auxiliary Loads
                                                     (incl. Heating & Cooling)
Auxiliary Load




                                     1.0kW           1.0kW             1.0kW




                                                                      122km
                           119km
                                                     126km            76miles
                           74miles
                                                     78miles
 Range




                                                               Vehicle Range
                                     11C             23C               35C
                                     52F             73F               95F
Real-World
                  Cold Weather                  Hot Weather
                                      Base
HVAC Harriett

                    -3.2 km/ºC        110km       -1.8 km/ºC
                   -1.1 miles/ºF     68 miles    -0.6 miles/ºF

Garage Gary

                    -0.9 km/ºC        108km       -2.3 km/ºC
                   -0.3 miles/ºF     67 miles    -0.8 miles/ºF


Fresh-Air Frank
                    -0.6 km/ºC        126km       -0.3 km/ºC
                   -0.2 miles/ºF     78 miles    -0.1 miles/ºF
Nissan Leaf                                                                Chevrolet Volt:
                                                                                                                               (Electric Only)
                        3                                                                                  6

                       2.5                                                                                 5




                                                                                    Auxiliary Power (kW)
Auxiliary Power (kW)




                        2                                                                                  4

                       1.5                                                                                 3

                        1                                                                                  2

                       0.5                                                                                 1

                        0                                                                                  0
                             0   10         20           30       40                                           0   10        20           30     40
                                      Temperature(°C)                                                                   Temperature(°C)
                       250
                                                                                            120

                       200                                         Leaf 1                   100
                                                                                                                                                  Volt 1
                                                                   Leaf 2                             80
    Range (km)




                                                                            Range (km)
                       150                                                                                                                        Volt 2
                                                                   Leaf 3
                                                                                                      60                                          Volt 3
                                                                   Leaf 4
                       100
                                                                   Leaf 5                             40                                          Volt 4

                        50                                         Leaf 6                                                                         Volt 5
                                                                                                      20
                                                                   Leaf 7
                         0                Both the Leaf & the Volt have two main user types:
                                                                           0
                             0   10          20
                                        Temperature(°C)
                                                        HVAC Harriett & Garage Gary 10 Temperature(°C)
                                                        30     40            0              20                                            30     40
Nissan LEAF Temperature vs. Range
                                   No air conditioner usage

        miles   km

        124     200

        112     180

         99     160

         87     140
Range




         74     120

         62     100

         50     80

         37     60

         25     40

         12     20

           0     0
                      15   20         25             30       35       40   C
                      59   68         77            86        95      104   F

                                      Temperature
  Slight upward trend indicates better component efficiency at higher temperatures
HVAC Harriett   Garage Gary   Fresh-Air Frank
                                  (Rare)
Build Your Own Bow Tie
  Data needed. Apply inside.
Electric Driving Range Will Vary by Operating Conditions



MPGe will vary
based on duty cycle,
operator climate
control usage, and
component efficiency




Determine the source
of decreases in your
EV’s efficiency and
take corrective action
Electric Driving Range Will Vary by Operating Conditions



MPGe will vary
based on duty cycle,
operator climate
control usage, and
component efficiency




Determine the source
of decreases in your
EV’s efficiency and
take corrective action
Exportable to Excel – Trip log and Charging log
Fleet Wide Reporting For All Vehicle Types


Fleet wide energy and emissions profile in one report




  Vehicle miles traveled, idling, eco-driving scores
Matt Stevens
m@fleetcarma.com   Megan Allen             Eric Mallia
                   mallen@fleetcarma.com   emallia@fleetcarma.com




                                             www.fleetcarma.com
  Thank You! Q&A                             519.342.7385 (office)
                                           800.975.2434 (toll-free)

More Related Content

Similar to The Truth about Electric Vehicles (EVs) in Hot Weather

2012 DL1000 product presentation
2012 DL1000 product presentation2012 DL1000 product presentation
2012 DL1000 product presentationAmericanSuzuki
 
Generac 5735 gp17500 e 26,250 watt 992cc ohv portable gas powered generator w...
Generac 5735 gp17500 e 26,250 watt 992cc ohv portable gas powered generator w...Generac 5735 gp17500 e 26,250 watt 992cc ohv portable gas powered generator w...
Generac 5735 gp17500 e 26,250 watt 992cc ohv portable gas powered generator w...VanessaAngelPay
 
2011 oct bpi_e_vpres
2011 oct bpi_e_vpres2011 oct bpi_e_vpres
2011 oct bpi_e_vpresDriveAluminum
 
ECONOMIC FUNDAMENTALS OF EV BATTERY RECYCLING AND REUSE
ECONOMIC FUNDAMENTALS OF EV BATTERY RECYCLING AND REUSEECONOMIC FUNDAMENTALS OF EV BATTERY RECYCLING AND REUSE
ECONOMIC FUNDAMENTALS OF EV BATTERY RECYCLING AND REUSEiQHub
 
2009 kawasaki er 6 f (ex650c9f d9f) service manual
2009 kawasaki er 6 f (ex650c9f d9f) service manual2009 kawasaki er 6 f (ex650c9f d9f) service manual
2009 kawasaki er 6 f (ex650c9f d9f) service manualsuhaimi zulkipli
 
Kollmorgen motor series_catalog
Kollmorgen motor series_catalogKollmorgen motor series_catalog
Kollmorgen motor series_catalogElectromate
 
Kipor catalogo de referencias cabinadas y descubiertas.pdf
Kipor catalogo de referencias cabinadas y descubiertas.pdfKipor catalogo de referencias cabinadas y descubiertas.pdf
Kipor catalogo de referencias cabinadas y descubiertas.pdffelixmerio
 

Similar to The Truth about Electric Vehicles (EVs) in Hot Weather (20)

CEEN 596 Project Presentation - Rene Lipp
CEEN 596 Project Presentation - Rene LippCEEN 596 Project Presentation - Rene Lipp
CEEN 596 Project Presentation - Rene Lipp
 
2012 DL1000 product presentation
2012 DL1000 product presentation2012 DL1000 product presentation
2012 DL1000 product presentation
 
2008
20082008
2008
 
2008
20082008
2008
 
2008
20082008
2008
 
2008
20082008
2008
 
2008
20082008
2008
 
2008
20082008
2008
 
2008
20082008
2008
 
2008
20082008
2008
 
2008
20082008
2008
 
2008
20082008
2008
 
2008
20082008
2008
 
Generac 5735 gp17500 e 26,250 watt 992cc ohv portable gas powered generator w...
Generac 5735 gp17500 e 26,250 watt 992cc ohv portable gas powered generator w...Generac 5735 gp17500 e 26,250 watt 992cc ohv portable gas powered generator w...
Generac 5735 gp17500 e 26,250 watt 992cc ohv portable gas powered generator w...
 
2008 2009 Zx10r
2008 2009 Zx10r2008 2009 Zx10r
2008 2009 Zx10r
 
2011 oct bpi_e_vpres
2011 oct bpi_e_vpres2011 oct bpi_e_vpres
2011 oct bpi_e_vpres
 
ECONOMIC FUNDAMENTALS OF EV BATTERY RECYCLING AND REUSE
ECONOMIC FUNDAMENTALS OF EV BATTERY RECYCLING AND REUSEECONOMIC FUNDAMENTALS OF EV BATTERY RECYCLING AND REUSE
ECONOMIC FUNDAMENTALS OF EV BATTERY RECYCLING AND REUSE
 
2009 kawasaki er 6 f (ex650c9f d9f) service manual
2009 kawasaki er 6 f (ex650c9f d9f) service manual2009 kawasaki er 6 f (ex650c9f d9f) service manual
2009 kawasaki er 6 f (ex650c9f d9f) service manual
 
Kollmorgen motor series_catalog
Kollmorgen motor series_catalogKollmorgen motor series_catalog
Kollmorgen motor series_catalog
 
Kipor catalogo de referencias cabinadas y descubiertas.pdf
Kipor catalogo de referencias cabinadas y descubiertas.pdfKipor catalogo de referencias cabinadas y descubiertas.pdf
Kipor catalogo de referencias cabinadas y descubiertas.pdf
 

Recently uploaded

怎么办理美国UCONN毕业证康涅狄格大学学位证书一手渠道
怎么办理美国UCONN毕业证康涅狄格大学学位证书一手渠道怎么办理美国UCONN毕业证康涅狄格大学学位证书一手渠道
怎么办理美国UCONN毕业证康涅狄格大学学位证书一手渠道7283h7lh
 
Infineon-Infineon_DC_EV_Charging_Trends_and_system_solutions-ApplicationPrese...
Infineon-Infineon_DC_EV_Charging_Trends_and_system_solutions-ApplicationPrese...Infineon-Infineon_DC_EV_Charging_Trends_and_system_solutions-ApplicationPrese...
Infineon-Infineon_DC_EV_Charging_Trends_and_system_solutions-ApplicationPrese...IEABODI2SnVVnGimcEAI
 
ABOUT REGENERATIVE BRAKING SYSTEM ON AUTOMOBILES
ABOUT REGENERATIVE BRAKING SYSTEM ON AUTOMOBILESABOUT REGENERATIVE BRAKING SYSTEM ON AUTOMOBILES
ABOUT REGENERATIVE BRAKING SYSTEM ON AUTOMOBILESsriharshaganjam1
 
怎么办理加拿大AU毕业证阿萨巴斯卡大学学位证书一手渠道
怎么办理加拿大AU毕业证阿萨巴斯卡大学学位证书一手渠道怎么办理加拿大AU毕业证阿萨巴斯卡大学学位证书一手渠道
怎么办理加拿大AU毕业证阿萨巴斯卡大学学位证书一手渠道2b7sppnv
 
Welcome to Auto Know University Orientation
Welcome to Auto Know University OrientationWelcome to Auto Know University Orientation
Welcome to Auto Know University Orientationxlr8sales
 
Increasing Community Impact with Meaningful Engagement by Brytanee Brown
Increasing Community Impact with Meaningful Engagement by Brytanee BrownIncreasing Community Impact with Meaningful Engagement by Brytanee Brown
Increasing Community Impact with Meaningful Engagement by Brytanee BrownForth
 
TESLA CASE STUDY by Devashish Rahul Brij.pdf
TESLA CASE STUDY by Devashish Rahul Brij.pdfTESLA CASE STUDY by Devashish Rahul Brij.pdf
TESLA CASE STUDY by Devashish Rahul Brij.pdfdevashishrahulbrij
 
Clean Mobility Options Program by Sarah Huang
Clean Mobility Options Program by Sarah HuangClean Mobility Options Program by Sarah Huang
Clean Mobility Options Program by Sarah HuangForth
 
Bizwerx Innovation & Mobility Hub by Dr. Cassandra Little
Bizwerx Innovation & Mobility Hub by Dr. Cassandra LittleBizwerx Innovation & Mobility Hub by Dr. Cassandra Little
Bizwerx Innovation & Mobility Hub by Dr. Cassandra LittleForth
 

Recently uploaded (9)

怎么办理美国UCONN毕业证康涅狄格大学学位证书一手渠道
怎么办理美国UCONN毕业证康涅狄格大学学位证书一手渠道怎么办理美国UCONN毕业证康涅狄格大学学位证书一手渠道
怎么办理美国UCONN毕业证康涅狄格大学学位证书一手渠道
 
Infineon-Infineon_DC_EV_Charging_Trends_and_system_solutions-ApplicationPrese...
Infineon-Infineon_DC_EV_Charging_Trends_and_system_solutions-ApplicationPrese...Infineon-Infineon_DC_EV_Charging_Trends_and_system_solutions-ApplicationPrese...
Infineon-Infineon_DC_EV_Charging_Trends_and_system_solutions-ApplicationPrese...
 
ABOUT REGENERATIVE BRAKING SYSTEM ON AUTOMOBILES
ABOUT REGENERATIVE BRAKING SYSTEM ON AUTOMOBILESABOUT REGENERATIVE BRAKING SYSTEM ON AUTOMOBILES
ABOUT REGENERATIVE BRAKING SYSTEM ON AUTOMOBILES
 
怎么办理加拿大AU毕业证阿萨巴斯卡大学学位证书一手渠道
怎么办理加拿大AU毕业证阿萨巴斯卡大学学位证书一手渠道怎么办理加拿大AU毕业证阿萨巴斯卡大学学位证书一手渠道
怎么办理加拿大AU毕业证阿萨巴斯卡大学学位证书一手渠道
 
Welcome to Auto Know University Orientation
Welcome to Auto Know University OrientationWelcome to Auto Know University Orientation
Welcome to Auto Know University Orientation
 
Increasing Community Impact with Meaningful Engagement by Brytanee Brown
Increasing Community Impact with Meaningful Engagement by Brytanee BrownIncreasing Community Impact with Meaningful Engagement by Brytanee Brown
Increasing Community Impact with Meaningful Engagement by Brytanee Brown
 
TESLA CASE STUDY by Devashish Rahul Brij.pdf
TESLA CASE STUDY by Devashish Rahul Brij.pdfTESLA CASE STUDY by Devashish Rahul Brij.pdf
TESLA CASE STUDY by Devashish Rahul Brij.pdf
 
Clean Mobility Options Program by Sarah Huang
Clean Mobility Options Program by Sarah HuangClean Mobility Options Program by Sarah Huang
Clean Mobility Options Program by Sarah Huang
 
Bizwerx Innovation & Mobility Hub by Dr. Cassandra Little
Bizwerx Innovation & Mobility Hub by Dr. Cassandra LittleBizwerx Innovation & Mobility Hub by Dr. Cassandra Little
Bizwerx Innovation & Mobility Hub by Dr. Cassandra Little
 

The Truth about Electric Vehicles (EVs) in Hot Weather

  • 1. Electric Vehicles in Hot Weather “the other side of the bow tie” LIVE WEBINAR 2pm EDT September, 2012
  • 2. 45min Presentation 15min Q&A Audio Options: - Use headset - Call: 1 (647) 497-9387 - Access #: 783-744-346 Poll Questions: - Don’t close window = you’ll exit the webinar Technical Questions: - Message Megan
  • 3.
  • 4.
  • 5.
  • 6.
  • 7.
  • 8.
  • 9. Hybrid & Electric Vehicles: Decisions Destined for Success. Car-Buying, Based on You. Faster, Better, Cheaper Save dollars, gallons, and tons. Save dollars, gallons, & tons. Services & prototypes sold Products for vehicle selection and Dealership product for customer to vehicle OEM/ monitoring: FleetCarma TCO/ROI engagement and conversion. manufacturers. and Energy & Emissions. Decision-support for customers.
  • 10. Conventional vehicles require conventional wisdom. EVs require EV wisdom
  • 11. Cold Weather Webinar: Refresher “Bow ties and bathing suits”
  • 12.
  • 13.
  • 14.
  • 15.
  • 16.
  • 17.
  • 18. Heating loads were significant Heating loads varied by driver. Heating loads varied by storage type (ie. heated garage, outdoors, etc.) Range started decreasing as soon as the temperature was less than a thermostat’s set point. The decrease in range followed the bow-tie analogy.
  • 19. COMPLETED: NEEDED: The real-world The real-world performance of plug-ins performance of plug-ins in cold weather in hot weather
  • 20. Hot Weather …. The other side of the bow tie
  • 21.
  • 22. EVs are often initially Over 50 % of EVs expected to be sold in rolled out in warmer the US this year are located in the 17 weather states hottest states. e.g. Nissan LEAF initial Drivers in warmer climates deserve markets: consideration as well. • Arizona • California • Hawaii • Tennessee • Texas • Oregon • Washington
  • 23. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) • Lab data on i-MiEV shows air conditioning reduces range from 34% to 46% depending on the mode Nissan USA • 70 miles: highway driving -32% at 95 °F (35 °C) -30% 100% • 68 miles: city driving at 110 °F (43 °C), Provides great data for the “worst case”. What about real-world operation?
  • 26. Nissan LEAF Range Sorted by Range miles km 200 125 200 180 113 180 160 100 160 140 88 140 120 75 120 100 63 100 50 80 80 38 60 60 25 40 40 13 20 20 0 0 0 125
  • 27. Chevrolet Volt: electric only available range miles km Sorted by Range 56 90 50 80 44 70 38 60 31 50 25 40 19 30 13 20 6 10 0 0
  • 28. Ford Transit Connect Range miles km Sorted by Range 125 200 200 113180 180 100160 160 88 140 140 75 120 120 63 100 100 50 80 80 38 60 60 25 40 40 13 20 20 0 0 0
  • 29. Mitsubishi i-MiEV Range Sorted by Range miles km 200 125 200 180 113 180 160 100 160 140 88 140 120 75 120 100 63 100 50 80 80 38 60 60 25 40 40 13 20 20 0 0 0
  • 30.
  • 31. 2011 Transit Connect Electric “A” Stored Outside “HVAC Harriett” Auxiliary Loads 4.5kW (incl. Heating & Cooling) Auxiliary Load 2.8kW 1.2kW 110km 68miles Range 89km 72km 55miles 45miles Vehicle Range 11C 23C 35C 52F 73F 95F
  • 32. 2011 Transit Connect Electric “B” Stored Inside Heated Garage “Garage Gary” Auxiliary Loads (incl. Heating & Cooling) Auxiliary Load 3.0kW 1.1kW 1.1kW 108km 67miles Range 97km 60miles 80km 49miles Vehicle Range 11C 23C 35C 52F 73F 95F
  • 33. 2011 Transit Connect Electric “C” Stored Outside “Fresh-Air Frank” Auxiliary Loads (incl. Heating & Cooling) Auxiliary Load 1.0kW 1.0kW 1.0kW 122km 119km 126km 76miles 74miles 78miles Range Vehicle Range 11C 23C 35C 52F 73F 95F
  • 34. Real-World Cold Weather Hot Weather Base HVAC Harriett -3.2 km/ºC 110km -1.8 km/ºC -1.1 miles/ºF 68 miles -0.6 miles/ºF Garage Gary -0.9 km/ºC 108km -2.3 km/ºC -0.3 miles/ºF 67 miles -0.8 miles/ºF Fresh-Air Frank -0.6 km/ºC 126km -0.3 km/ºC -0.2 miles/ºF 78 miles -0.1 miles/ºF
  • 35. Nissan Leaf Chevrolet Volt: (Electric Only) 3 6 2.5 5 Auxiliary Power (kW) Auxiliary Power (kW) 2 4 1.5 3 1 2 0.5 1 0 0 0 10 20 30 40 0 10 20 30 40 Temperature(°C) Temperature(°C) 250 120 200 Leaf 1 100 Volt 1 Leaf 2 80 Range (km) Range (km) 150 Volt 2 Leaf 3 60 Volt 3 Leaf 4 100 Leaf 5 40 Volt 4 50 Leaf 6 Volt 5 20 Leaf 7 0 Both the Leaf & the Volt have two main user types: 0 0 10 20 Temperature(°C) HVAC Harriett & Garage Gary 10 Temperature(°C) 30 40 0 20 30 40
  • 36. Nissan LEAF Temperature vs. Range No air conditioner usage miles km 124 200 112 180 99 160 87 140 Range 74 120 62 100 50 80 37 60 25 40 12 20 0 0 15 20 25 30 35 40 C 59 68 77 86 95 104 F Temperature Slight upward trend indicates better component efficiency at higher temperatures
  • 37. HVAC Harriett Garage Gary Fresh-Air Frank (Rare)
  • 38.
  • 39. Build Your Own Bow Tie Data needed. Apply inside.
  • 40. Electric Driving Range Will Vary by Operating Conditions MPGe will vary based on duty cycle, operator climate control usage, and component efficiency Determine the source of decreases in your EV’s efficiency and take corrective action
  • 41. Electric Driving Range Will Vary by Operating Conditions MPGe will vary based on duty cycle, operator climate control usage, and component efficiency Determine the source of decreases in your EV’s efficiency and take corrective action
  • 42. Exportable to Excel – Trip log and Charging log
  • 43. Fleet Wide Reporting For All Vehicle Types Fleet wide energy and emissions profile in one report Vehicle miles traveled, idling, eco-driving scores
  • 44.
  • 45. Matt Stevens m@fleetcarma.com Megan Allen Eric Mallia mallen@fleetcarma.com emallia@fleetcarma.com www.fleetcarma.com Thank You! Q&A 519.342.7385 (office) 800.975.2434 (toll-free)

Editor's Notes

  1. ADD call in number
  2. There is no question hereSomething like “Are you required to rack energy and or emissions ...
  3. I know this picture needs to be leveled, I can do this tonightAlso this picture can be changed, I just picked it because it was free (mine)
  4. Lab results show the anticipated trends. What does real-world look like?Boxes are messed upDon’t know if you like the background colour with the bottom colour, I am a bit iffy about it Also I’m not sure if it matches the LEAF graph too closelyAlso I did not source these graphs properlyhttp://www1.eere.energy.gov/vehiclesandfuels/pdfs/merit_review_2012/veh_sys_sim/vss090_rugh_2012_p.pdfhttp://www.nissan.ca/vehicles/ms/leaf/en/range-fundamentals.aspx#/range-fundamentals
  5. This is the slide I think you might not likeIt’s a lot of information on one slide (but at the same time not really since it’s the same story and we are about to go super in depth with the transit connectIn my opinion this slide can go either before or after the in depth transit connect depending on the narrativeObvious problems with axis only being in metric
  6. There is 5 minutes allotted in the agenda for talk about efficiency, I don’t think this will take that long thoughData was retrieved from LEAF section whichout HVAC request or temp set pointTrend is 0.4 km/C (0.138 miles/F)
  7. EVs are not the same as conventional, there are so many things to take into consideration you want this data to help you utilize them best“conventional vehicles come with conventional wisdom” EBlind without itBuild your bowtieNeed to track the ROI
  8. EVs are not the same as conventional, there are so many things to take into consideration you want this data to help you utilize them best“conventional vehicles come with conventional wisdom” EBlind without itBuild your bowtieNeed to track the ROI
  9. Aggregated data across or within fleet departments.Identify where you can make improvements to reduce fuel and emissions.Receive alerts if the vehicle reports a diagnostic trouble code (e.g. check engine light is on).