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Plugging in Fleet Vehicles     How charging behavior is impacting fleet operations                            and the dema...
Command Center45min Presentation15min Q&AAudio Options:- Use headset- Call: 1 (647) 497-9387- Access #: 678-883-897Poll Qu...
Conventional vehicles require conventional wisdom.        EVs require EV wisdom
Part 3 of our webinar series                                                  EVs in Cold Weather                         ...
In 45 minutes you will know…   Prospective and Current EV Owners:   1. How are fleet plug-in vehicles being charged in rea...
Speakers – Who are we?                            Megan Allen                            Vehicle Technology Analyst, Fleet...
What do we do?        Hybrid & Electric Vehicles:                         Decisions Destined for Success.      Car-Buying,...
How about you?Let’s quickly understand a bit more about you.We have three quick questions for you.This will give us a bit ...
Topics in this webinarQ1: Which part of this webinar are you most interested in?I want to learn more about:A. How fleet op...
EVs in your fleet?Q2: Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) StatusWhich of the following best describes your status with plug-in ...
Does faster charging result in higher EV utilization?Q3: My hunch is…Having a level 2 charger installedA. Greatly increase...
Webinar Agenda   Part 1 – EVSE basics   Part 2 – How can fleets determine if an EV will be charge            capable in th...
Part 1EVSE basics
Quick Overview of the EV Charging Landscape and Terms   14 global EVSE manufacturers                                      ...
Quick Overview of the EV Charging Landscape and Terms                 Level 1                                             ...
Quick Overview of the EV Charging Landscape and Terms   ConnectorsPlugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impac...
Defining some key ‘EV charging’ terms   • Charging window            – The available time to charge a plug-in vehicle   • ...
Part 2Determining if an EV will be     charge capable
Informing real important decisions with real-world dataPlugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet ...
Determining if an EV is charge capable in your fleet                                      Current fleet vehicle           ...
Determining if an EV is charge capable in your fleet                                      Current fleet vehicle           ...
Determining if an EV will be charge capable                            How often is a plug-in vehicle charge capable      ...
Step 1 - Collect data for all fleet applications                                               How much time do fleet vehi...
How often would a Nissan Leaf be charge capable?                            Level 1 charging                              ...
How often would a Nissan Leaf be charge capable?                            Level 2 charging                              ...
How often would a Chevrolet Volt be charge capable?                            Level 1 charging                           ...
How often would a Chevrolet Volt be charge capable?                            Level 2 charging                           ...
Step 2 – What is the average ending day battery SOC?                                                             Nissan LE...
Part 3EV charging profiles and their impact        on fleet operations
Example 1 – After-Work Alfie at the City of Toronto     Real-World Results:     • 91 MPGe (2.6 L / 100kmeq)     • 45 miles...
Example 2 – Night-Time Nick at the Globe & Mail         Real-World Results:         • 138 MPGe (1.7 L / 100kmeq)         •...
Example 3 – Day-time David at the NYPD         Real-World Results:          • 57 MPGe          • 41 miles (66 km) per work...
Example 3 – Day-time David at the NYPDPlugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and th...
How else can fleet operators increase electric utilization?   Supervisor vehicle   •     Fairly good ‘eco-driving’   •    ...
Exportable to Excel – Charging Log and Trip Logs   •    Log the time        of charge        events   •    Track the      ...
Example 4 – Opportunistic Oscar at DHSE                                                                                 Re...
Example 4 – Opportunistic Oscar at DHSEPlugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and t...
Example 4 - Opportunistic Oscar at DHSE    Day-by-Day Reporting on:    • Electric driving range        • Potential distanc...
Exportable to Excel – Charging Log and Trip Logs   •    Log the time        of charge        events   •    Track the      ...
Is there a relationship between L2 charging and vehicle utilization?                                            Utilizatio...
Is there a relationship between L2 charging and vehicle utilization?                                160                   ...
Is there a relationship between L2 charging and vehicle utilization?                            160                       ...
Does Level 2 charging increase fleet electric utilization?   • Although the vast majority of fleet charging occurs at Leve...
Part 4 When are fleet EVs charging duringthe day and what is the load demand       on the electrical grid?
Fleet EV grid demand profile – distribution of events                                                Fleet EV Charge Event...
Fleet EV grid demand profile – by charge level                                                                            ...
Fleet EV grid demand profile – power load                                                                     Time of Use ...
Fleet EV grid demand profile – power load                                                       Time of Use Rates in Calif...
Conclusions   1. Fleets are more ‘charge capable’ than they think they      are.   Depending on the type of vehicle and ch...
Conclusions   2. With today’s utilization of electric vehicles in fleet      applications, we do not see Level 2 charging ...
Conclusions   3. Fleets are exhibiting 4 common charging profiles      After-Work Alfie                            Night-T...
Conclusions   4. Fleets can optimize the time they charge to save      money and meet environmental mandates.             ...
Conclusions             With EVs, monitoring the vehicle is as important as monitoring             its chargingPlugging in...
FleetCarma C5 data logger – data access options                                                                           ...
Our fleet partners use FleetCarma systems to:     Measure Vehicle Metrics to                                              ...
Thank you to our clients and partnersPlugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the...
FleetCarma’s EV Champion Challenge                                                                                 Partici...
Part 3 of our webinar series                                        EVs in Cold Weather                      EVs in Hot We...
Matt Stevens The Vehicle Nerdsmstevens@fleetcarma.com                                                           Megan Alle...
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Plugging in Fleet Vehicles

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looking at how charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid.

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Plugging in Fleet Vehicles

  1. 1. Plugging in Fleet Vehicles How charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid LIVE WEBINAR 21 January 2013
  2. 2. Command Center45min Presentation15min Q&AAudio Options:- Use headset- Call: 1 (647) 497-9387- Access #: 678-883-897Poll Questions:- Don’t close window = you’llexit the webinarTechnical Questions:- Message Megan Plugging in Fleet Vehicles How charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  3. 3. Conventional vehicles require conventional wisdom. EVs require EV wisdom
  4. 4. Part 3 of our webinar series EVs in Cold Weather EVs in Hot Weather Free recorded webinars Visit our free resource center online at: www.fleetcarma.com/en/ResourcesPlugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  5. 5. In 45 minutes you will know… Prospective and Current EV Owners: 1. How are fleet plug-in vehicles being charged in real-world? 2. How many fleet applications have enough time to allow for EV charging? 3. How do you decide when investing in faster charging equipment is worth the additional costs? Electrical Grid System Operators: 4. When are fleet plug-in vehicles charging? 5. What is the load on the grid? The answer to all of these questions can be found in real-world data.Plugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  6. 6. Speakers – Who are we? Megan Allen Vehicle Technology Analyst, FleetCarma Researched diesel emissions clean-up technology. Expertise in electric vehicle modeling & simulation. Bachelors in Chemical Engineering. Eric Mallia General Manager, FleetCarma Helps fleet managers considering and using higher efficiency vehicles. Masters in Environment Studies. Bachelors in Business Administration. Published author in energy management topics. Matt Stevens CEO, CrossChasm Technologies Helping design hybrid and electric vehicles since 2004. Helping fleets since 2007. PhD in Chemical Engineering. Chair of Electric Mobility Canada.Plugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  7. 7. What do we do? Hybrid & Electric Vehicles: Decisions Destined for Success. Car-Buying, Based on You. Faster, Better, Cheaper Save dollars, gallons, and tons. Save dollars, gallons, & tons. Services & prototypes sold Products for vehicle selection and Dealership product for customer to vehicle OEM/ monitoring: FleetCarma TCO/ROI engagement and conversion. manufacturers. and Energy & Emissions. Decision-support for customers.Plugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  8. 8. How about you?Let’s quickly understand a bit more about you.We have three quick questions for you.This will give us a bit of background on your interests and EV experience.Please use the GoToWebinar controls to respond.Plugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  9. 9. Topics in this webinarQ1: Which part of this webinar are you most interested in?I want to learn more about:A. How fleet operators can evaluate EVs for their fleetsB. Selecting the right charging equipment for fleet operationsC. Charging behavior and how it impacts fleet EV utilizationD. How fleet EV charging is affecting the electrical gridPlugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  10. 10. EVs in your fleet?Q2: Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) StatusWhich of the following best describes your status with plug-in vehicles?A. EVs are at least 1 year away.B. Within the next year we will have plug-in vehicles.C. Have EVs operating – not data logging.D. Have EVs operating – already data logging.E. Cheering from the sidelines.Plugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  11. 11. Does faster charging result in higher EV utilization?Q3: My hunch is…Having a level 2 charger installedA. Greatly increases an electric vehicle’s usageB. Somewhat increases an electric vehicle’s usageC. Has a negative effect on an electric vehicle’s usageD. Has no effect on an electric vehicle usagePlugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  12. 12. Webinar Agenda Part 1 – EVSE basics Part 2 – How can fleets determine if an EV will be charge capable in their own duty cycles? Part 3 – EV charging profiles and impact on fleet operations Part 4 – Fleet EV load demand on the gridPlugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  13. 13. Part 1EVSE basics
  14. 14. Quick Overview of the EV Charging Landscape and Terms 14 global EVSE manufacturers Source: Pike Research, 2012Plugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  15. 15. Quick Overview of the EV Charging Landscape and Terms Level 1 Level 2 DC Quick Charging Charging Charging 110v 220v 440v ~ 1.3 kW ~ 3.3 – 6.6 kW ~ 50 kWPlugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  16. 16. Quick Overview of the EV Charging Landscape and Terms ConnectorsPlugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  17. 17. Defining some key ‘EV charging’ terms • Charging window – The available time to charge a plug-in vehicle • Bulk charging – Charge events that occur at the end of the day – After the last trip of the day and before the first trip of the next day • Opportunity charging – Charge events that occur throughout the day – Charging in between trips • Charge capable – Occurs when there is sufficient time to fully charge the plug-in vehicle before the first trip of the next dayPlugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  18. 18. Part 2Determining if an EV will be charge capable
  19. 19. Informing real important decisions with real-world dataPlugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  20. 20. Determining if an EV is charge capable in your fleet Current fleet vehicle Potential EV Daily Utilization EVs would not be charge capable in this fleet applicationPlugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  21. 21. Determining if an EV is charge capable in your fleet Current fleet vehicle Potential EV Daily Utilization EVs would be charge capable in this fleet applicationPlugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  22. 22. Determining if an EV will be charge capable How often is a plug-in vehicle charge capable in fleet applications?Step 1 Step 2Data log all types of vehicles Data log real-world fleet EV usage How much time do What is the average fleet vehicles spend ending day battery resting at night? state of charge (SOC)?Plugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  23. 23. Step 1 - Collect data for all fleet applications How much time do fleet vehicles rest at night? 450 400 Average = 14.5 hours 350 Time between last 300 trip of one day and first trip of next # of occurrences 250 day 200 150 100 50 0 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 Available Time to Charge (hours) Sample size = 3,703Plugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  24. 24. How often would a Nissan Leaf be charge capable? Level 1 charging 500 68% of the time # of occurrences 400 at 1.3 kW 300 200 End of day SOC: 20% 100 Time to full charge: ~13 hours 0 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 500 81% of the time # of occurrences 400 300 End of day SOC: 40% 200 100 Time to full charge: ~5 hours 0 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 500 90% of the time # of occurrences 400 300 End of day SOC: 60% 200 Time to full charge: ~ 6 hours 100 0 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 Sample size = 3,703 Available Time to Charge (hours)Plugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  25. 25. How often would a Nissan Leaf be charge capable? Level 2 charging 500 92% of the time # of occurrences 400 at 3.3 kW 300 200 End of day SOC: 20% 100 0 Time to full charge: ~5 hours 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 500 96% of the time # of occurrences 400 300 200 End of day SOC: 40% 100 Time to full charge: ~4 hours 0 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 500 100% of the time # of occurrences 400 300 End of day SOC: 60% 200 100 Time to full charge: ~ 2 hours 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 Time Available to Charge (hours) Sample size = 3,703Plugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  26. 26. How often would a Chevrolet Volt be charge capable? Level 1 charging 500 87% of the time # of occurrences 400 at 1.3 kW 300 200 End of day SOC: 0% 100 0 Time to full charge: ~ 8 hours 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 500 90% of the time # of occurrences 400 300 End of day SOC: 20% 200 Time to full charge: ~ 6 hours 100 0 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 500 # of occurrences 400 92% of the time 300 End of day SOC: 40% 200 Time to full charge: ~ 5 hours 100 0 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 Sample size = 3,703 Available Time to Charge (hours)Plugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  27. 27. How often would a Chevrolet Volt be charge capable? Level 2 charging 500 100% of the time # of occurrences 400 at 3.3 kW 300 200 End of day SOC: 0% 100 0 Time to full charge: ~ 3 hours 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 500 100% of the time # of occurrences 400 300 End of day SOC: 20% 200 100 Time to full charge: ~ 2.5 hours 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 # of occurrences 500 100% of the time 400 300 End of day SOC: 40% 200 100 Time to full charge: ~ 2 hours 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 Sample size = 3,703 Time Available to Charge (hours)Plugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  28. 28. Step 2 – What is the average ending day battery SOC? Nissan LEAF Chevrolet Volt Avg. End of Day SOC: 56% Avg. End of Day SOC: 24% Level 1 Charge capable Charge capable charging 88% 90% at 1.3 kW of the time of the timeLevel 2 Charge capable Charge capablecharging 100% 100%at 3.3 kW of the time of the time Sample size = 3,703Plugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  29. 29. Part 3EV charging profiles and their impact on fleet operations
  30. 30. Example 1 – After-Work Alfie at the City of Toronto Real-World Results: • 91 MPGe (2.6 L / 100kmeq) • 45 miles (73 km) / working day • 24% of driving time at idle • 97% of charging on Level 2 • Cost per 100 km: $2.75Plugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  31. 31. Example 2 – Night-Time Nick at the Globe & Mail Real-World Results: • 138 MPGe (1.7 L / 100kmeq) • 23 miles (37 km) / working day • 37% of driving time at idle • 99% of charging on Level 2 • Cost per 100 km: $1.70Plugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  32. 32. Example 3 – Day-time David at the NYPD Real-World Results: • 57 MPGe • 41 miles (66 km) per working day • 49% of miles driven on electric power • 25% of driving time at idle • 100% of charging on Level 2Plugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  33. 33. Example 3 – Day-time David at the NYPDPlugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  34. 34. How else can fleet operators increase electric utilization? Supervisor vehicle • Fairly good ‘eco-driving’ • Lots of ‘opportunity’ charging o Done at the office during the day • Vehicle goes home with driver • Not much ‘overnight’ charging • Reimburse electricity from home charging… How do you track it? Compact data logger plugs into OBD-II portPlugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  35. 35. Exportable to Excel – Charging Log and Trip Logs • Log the time of charge events • Track the costs and savings • Analyze individual trip details Easily track and expense charging at home to increase electric utilization of plug-in hybridsPlugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  36. 36. Example 4 – Opportunistic Oscar at DHSE Real-World Results: • 137 MPGe (1.7 L / 100kmeq) • 39 miles (63 km) / day • 14% of driving at idle • 97% of charging at Level 2 • Cost per 100 km: $2.73 Engineering firm in Nova Scotia, CanadaPlugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  37. 37. Example 4 – Opportunistic Oscar at DHSEPlugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  38. 38. Example 4 - Opportunistic Oscar at DHSE Day-by-Day Reporting on: • Electric driving range • Potential distance • Actually driven • Benefit of opportunity charging throughout the day (light blue) 176km • Impact of weather change 245km • Impact of HVAC loads • Impact of eco-drivingPlugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  39. 39. Exportable to Excel – Charging Log and Trip Logs • Log the time of charge events • Track the costs and savings • Analyze individual trip detailsPlugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  40. 40. Is there a relationship between L2 charging and vehicle utilization? Utilization of Plug-in Vehicles with more Level 2 Charging 160 140 120 Daily Distance (km) 100 80 60 40 20 0 50% 55% 60% 65% 70% 75% 80% 85% 90% 95% 100% Proportion of Total Charge Events on Level 2Plugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  41. 41. Is there a relationship between L2 charging and vehicle utilization? 160 BEV Potential Utilization vs. Actual Distance Traveled 140 120 Daily Distance (km) 100 Potential electric daily utilization 80 Actual electric daily utilization 60 40 20 0 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Proportion of Total Charge Events on Level 2Plugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  42. 42. Is there a relationship between L2 charging and vehicle utilization? 160 PHEV Potential Utilization vs. Actual Distance Traveled 140 120 Daily Distance (km) 100 Potential electric daily utilization 80 Actual electric daily utilization 60 40 20 0 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Proportion of Total Charge Events on Level 2Plugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  43. 43. Does Level 2 charging increase fleet electric utilization? • Although the vast majority of fleet charging occurs at Level 2, there is not a strong positive trend to suggest that it increases electric drive utilization. • Fleets seem to be getting similar electric utilization per day from BEVs (all-electric) as they are from PHEVs (plug-in hybrids). • There is often a large gap between potential electric driving range each day and actual electric driving traveled, particularly more so with the BEVs than the PHEVs.Plugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  44. 44. Part 4 When are fleet EVs charging duringthe day and what is the load demand on the electrical grid?
  45. 45. Fleet EV grid demand profile – distribution of events Fleet EV Charge Events – All Levels of Charging 1400 1200 1000 # of occurrences 800 600 400 200 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Time of Day Sample size = 2,653Plugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  46. 46. Fleet EV grid demand profile – by charge level Level 1 Charge Events • Level 1 charging in fleet 1000 900 operations occur more 800 # of occurrences 700 often during the day 600 500 400 time, however, the 300 200 distribution is relatively flat. 100 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Time (hour) Level 2 Charge Events • Level 2 charging in fleet 1000 900 operations occur much 800 # of occurrences 700 more often between 3pm 600 500 400 and 6pm. 300 200 100 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Sample size = 2,653 Time (hour)Plugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  47. 47. Fleet EV grid demand profile – power load Time of Use Rates in Ontario Weekday Summer Schedule 3500 9.9 cents/kWh 11.8 cents/kWh 3000 6.3 cents/kWh 6.3 cents/kWh 2500 Power (kW) 2000 1500 1000 500 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Time of Day Off-Peak Mid-Peak On-Peak Only 27% of charging events would occur ‘off-peak’ Sample size = 2,653Plugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  48. 48. Fleet EV grid demand profile – power load Time of Use Rates in California Weekday Summer Low Emissions Vehicle Schedule 3500 31.1 cents/kWh 10.2 cents/kWh 10.2 cents/kWh 3000 3.9 cents/kWh 2500 Power (kW) 2000 1500 1000 500 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Time of Day Off-Peak Part-Peak Peak Only 8% of charging events would occur ‘off-peak’ Sample size = 2,653Plugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  49. 49. Conclusions 1. Fleets are more ‘charge capable’ than they think they are. Depending on the type of vehicle and charger level, 68-100% of vehicles in fleet applications have been charge capable when ending the day with 20% battery SOC.Plugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  50. 50. Conclusions 2. With today’s utilization of electric vehicles in fleet applications, we do not see Level 2 charging increasing electric distance traveled. 160 140 Daily Distance (km) 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Level 2 Electric vehicles are not being used to a point where an investment in a level 2 charger is required.Plugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  51. 51. Conclusions 3. Fleets are exhibiting 4 common charging profiles After-Work Alfie Night-Time Nick Day-Time David Opportunistic Oscar Fleet operators should set EV charging targets relating to time of charging and average electric daily distance traveled.Plugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  52. 52. Conclusions 4. Fleets can optimize the time they charge to save money and meet environmental mandates. California Summer Rate Schedule Fleet operators have not yet been charging very much during off-peak hours.Plugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  53. 53. Conclusions With EVs, monitoring the vehicle is as important as monitoring its chargingPlugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  54. 54. FleetCarma C5 data logger – data access options Customized Reports Manual USB upload (released: March 2012) Cellular automatic upload (released: Dec 2012) Wi-Fi automatic upload (releasing: Jan 2013)Bluetooth tosmartphone or EVSE(in development)Plugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  55. 55. Our fleet partners use FleetCarma systems to: Measure Vehicle Metrics to Choose the Best Fit Vehicle for Each Improve Fleet Performance Job in the Fleet PortfolioPlugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  56. 56. Thank you to our clients and partnersPlugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  57. 57. FleetCarma’s EV Champion Challenge Participant Blog www.fleetcarma.com/Programs/ev-challengePlugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  58. 58. Part 3 of our webinar series EVs in Cold Weather EVs in Hot Weather Charging Behavior Free recorded webinars Light-duty vehicles Heavy-duty vehicles Simulation for Fleets Free eBooks on these topics Visit our free resource center online at: www.fleetcarma.com/en/ResourcesPlugging in Fleet VehiclesHow charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid
  59. 59. Matt Stevens The Vehicle Nerdsmstevens@fleetcarma.com Megan Allen mallen@fleetcarma.com Eric Mallia emallia@fleetcarma.com www.fleetcarma.com Thank You! Q&A 519.342.7385 (office) 800.975.2434 (toll-free) Plugging in Fleet Vehicles How charging behavior is impacting fleet operations and the demand on the grid

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