DPI Overview 2010

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Overview of Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry as of December 2010

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DPI Overview 2010

  1. 1. Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry Overview Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry
  2. 2. DPI Mission Protection through Detection To protect Florida’s native and commercially grown plants and the state’s apiary industry from harmful pests and diseases. Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry
  3. 3. Florida is a high-risk sentinel state Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry High-risk Characteristics: Climate and geography Trade and tourism Multiple pest pathways (International ports) Urban encroachment
  4. 4. Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry Tropical Storm and Hurricane Paths 1850’s to Present
  5. 5. ERADICATION AND CONTROL – PROGRAMS – EXCLUSION – EPIDEMIOLOGY – PHYTOSANITARY – EXPORT – CONSULTATIONS – INSECT/DISEASE VECTOR RELATIONSHIPS Safeguarding Continuum Mesh safeguarding activities to form barrier against establishment of exotic, invasive agricultural pests
  6. 6. Safeguarding American Plant Resources Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry Florida Pest Exclusion Report
  7. 7. Operations Plant protection branch of FDACS HQ in Gainesville 364 FTE’s; 243 PT Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry
  8. 8. Bureaus Plant & Apiary Inspection Entomology, Nematology, Plant Pathology (& Botany) Methods Development & Biocontrol Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry Gainesville Winter Haven Pest Eradication & Control Citrus Budwood Major Initiatives Citrus Health Response Program Early Pest Detection (CAPS, SITC, Plant Inspection) Fruit Fly Detection Biological Control Diagnostics AQI – Ports of Entry
  9. 9. Citrus Canker Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry Additional canker outbreaks in 1980’s and 1990’s Epidemiological study indicated that tree removal w/in 1900’ was required to stop spread Legal constraints and hurricanes caused spread – eradication deemed no longer feasible USDA withdrew funding in 2006
  10. 10. Citrus Greening Huanglongbing Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry Insect-vectored disease (citrus psyllid found in Florida in 1998) HLB found in Florida, August 2005, during a CAPS survey Recognized as one of the most destructive citrus diseases Long-term management rather than eradication Renders fruit inedible, eventually kills tree
  11. 11. Citrus Black Spot Found March 2010 in Collier County First find in North America CBS is a fungal disease marked by dark necrotic spots Risk of spread through fruit movement is minimal Federal quarantine in place around finds in Collier and Hendry County Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry
  12. 12. Citrus Health Response Plan With canker and greening now established in Florida, the USDA and FDACS implemented a Citrus Health Response Plan Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry CHRP Mission Address formidable challenges of canker, greening and other citrus diseases Determine best strategies for ensuring a healthy citrus industry into the future Work cooperatively with gov’t agencies, research institutions, and industry to build effective management program
  13. 13. Citrus Health Response Plan Secure citrus germplasm and citrus nursery program Effective disease / disease vector management program for groves Defendable phytosanitary protocol that allows fresh fruit movement to all markets Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry Building Blocks for Effective Citrus Pest / Disease Management Program Survey Activities: Multiple Pest Survey Export Surveys Greening Survey Expertise Regulatory Activities Compliance Agreements/Business Plans
  14. 14. Citrus Budwood Registration Program Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry Assists growers to produce citrus that is horticulturally superior and disease free  Levy County Budwood Facility  Alachua County Budwood Facility Citrus Germplasm and Nursery Requirements Levy County budwood facility Second facility planned at UF/IFAS research farm (redundancy important to citrus budwood lines) FDACS-DPI adopted rule 5B-62 which governs nursery stock production and movement
  15. 15. CHRP: Where do we go from here? Abandon grove issues To address all categories/ areas would require significant funding Risk-based approach might be more practical Incentives to participate are needed Legislation and/or rulemaking may be required BMPs Fruit movement issues Psyllid biocontrol Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry
  16. 16. Fruit Fly Detection Medfly infestations can potentially cost millions in crop damage, pesticide use and quarantine costs Monitor 56,000 fruit fly traps In the 90’s, just 2 Medfly eradication programs cost nearly $50 million in state/federal funds Last major outbreak in Florida was 1997-1998 Cooperate with USDA on Sterile Insect Technique Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry Mediterranean fruit fly Fruit Fly larva in fruit Caribbean fruit fly
  17. 17. Fruit Fly Program Initiatives/Case Study Sterile Medfly Preventative Release Program 25,000 sf facility 20 billion sterile Medflies released Increased traps from 15,000 to 56,000 Increased Personnel Resources - Statewide Trapping Coordination (USDA APHIS/ FDACS-DPI) Detection of Medfly and Bactrocera in December 2007 indicative of program importance Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry
  18. 18. Pest Detection Multi-agency cooperation provides strong foundation Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry CAPS SITC DPI Plant Inspection
  19. 19. Pest Detection Cooperative Agricultural Pest Survey The Cooperative Agricultural Pest Survey (CAPS) Program is a combined effort by state and federal agricultural agencies to conduct surveillance, detection, and monitoring of exotic plant pests of agricultural and natural plant resources and biological control agents. Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry Survey targets include plant diseases, insects, weeds, nematodes, and other invertebrate organisms.
  20. 20. Pest Detection Targeted Pest Surveys Multi-Pest Survey Citrus Tree Survey Tropical Fruit Nursery Stock Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry
  21. 21. New Pest Challenges/Case Studies Laurel Wilt Disease Confirmed as far south as Martin County Disease vectored by redbay ambrosia beetle Attacks red bay, avocado and members of the laurel family Gladiolus Rust Found in Manatee County, April 2006 at a cut flower farm Can have serious impact to commercial flower industry Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry Ambrosia beetle
  22. 22. New Pest Challenges/Case Studies Red Palm Mite Found in Palm Beach County December 2007 Survey and education ongoing Fig Whitefly Found November 2007 in Miami-Dade County Attacking ficus trees Survey and education ongoing Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry
  23. 23. New Pest Challenges/Case Studies Sudden Oak Death Discovered on nursery plants from California in March 2004 Serious fungal disease that affects oaks, azaleas, camellias, and other plants Pea Leafminer Found Sept 2006 on lettuce from California Considered a pest of serious economic importance Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry
  24. 24. New Pest Challenges/Case Studies Tropical Soda Apple Noxious weed spread through animal and bird dropping Now has spread to over 1,000,000 acres in Florida Management methods include a leaf-eating beetle that is being reared and released Pink Hibiscus Mealybug Found for first time in US in June 2002 Attacks over 200 plants Natural predator exists (lady beetle) Effective biocontrol insect being reared and released Good example of effective detection and response program Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry TSA flower and fruit Parasitization of PHM
  25. 25. Urban/Rural Plant and Apiary Pest/Disease Detection, Control, Eradication Plant Inspection: Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry Over 22,000 nursery inspections annually (at over 7,500 nurseries) Over 21,000 phytosanitary certificates issued annually
  26. 26. Urban/Rural Plant and Apiary Pest/Disease Detection, Control, Eradication Apiary Inspection: Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry Over 500,000 honey bee colonies certified free of American foulbrood disease Over 500 bait traps inspected annually for Africanized honey bees
  27. 27. Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry Florida’s Apiary Industry attacked by pests and diseases including Colony Collapse Disorder and growing populations of Africanized honey bees Insects Mites Yeast & Fungi Bacteria
  28. 28. A Balanced Message . . . Bees are important, but beware of Africanized honey bees Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry
  29. 29. Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry Biocontrol Programs Use of natural enemies to reduce the damage caused by destructive organisms to tolerable levels Biocontrol mechanisms Parasites Pathogens Predators Sterile Insect Technique Current DPI biocontrol programs Pink Hibiscus Mealybug Imported Fire Ant Tropical Soda Apple Cactus Moth Natural Solutions
  30. 30. Diagnostics One of the best equipped state agencies in U.S. to conduct pathogen and insect ID at molecular level Advanced diagnostics lab Transmission electron microscope Scanning electron microscope DNA sequence analyzer PCR ELISA Chromatography Over 329,500 plant and pest samples processed annually Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry
  31. 31. Diagnostics Estimate of Samples Processed Annually Entomology: 10,000 Nematology: 23,000 Botany: 10,000 Pathology: 16,000 ADL: 6,500 FF ID Lab: 264,000 TOTAL: 329,500 Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry
  32. 32. Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry Over 8 million specimens: one of the world’s largest reference collections Florida State Collection of Arthropods
  33. 33. Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry Additional Capabilities Linear Accelerator Fumigation services Increases food safety Phytosanitary Certification Standards Developed for ag products shipped into/out of the state
  34. 34. DPI Today Continuing Challenges Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry
  35. 35. Recent Pest Introductions Medfly, Lake Co. Medfly, Hillsborough Co. Medfly, Manatee Co. Canker, Manatee Co. Medfly, Highlands Co. Canker, Collier Co. Canker, Dade Co. Sm. Hive Beetle, St. Lucie Co. Citrus Psyllid, Palm Bch. Co. Medfly, Dade Co. TYLCV, Dade Co. PHM, Dade Co. Chilean Recluse, Polk Co. Tropical Soda Apple, Central FL Oriental FF, Orange Co. Oriental FF, Hillsborough Co. Guava FF, Orange & Volusia counties Pea Leaf Miner, Desoto Co. Citrus Greening, Dade Co. Sudden Oak Death, Leon County Red Palm Mite, Palm Bch. Co. Fig Whitefly, Dade Co. Africanized honey bee, Hillsborough Co.
  36. 36. Firewood Rule, 5B-65 Effective August 10, 2010 Prevent the introduction of unwanted wood pests and disease pathogens into Florida Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry Firewood and Unprocessed Wood Produ cts
  37. 37. Firewood Rule, 5B-65 Permit issued to states requesting entry of shipments under Compliance Agreement; Florida puts state under Master Permit. Each state required to have each shipper under a CA Intrastate over 50 miles will require entity to be under Compliance Agreement with DPI Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry Firewood and Unprocessed Wood Produ cts
  38. 38. Fruit Fly Programs Medfly, Boca Raton June 2010 Medflies found June 11, 2010 Triggers were reached to conduct eradication First major outbreak since 1997-98 1,1750 traps monitored 77,000 pounds of fruit removed 300 million sterile Medflies released 1,400 Compliance Agreements issued 32,00 properties treated 200 DPI/USDA personnel mobilized 88 days after flies found, eradication declared, September 1, 2010 Early detection is working
  39. 39. Fruit Fly Programs Bactrocera dorsalis , Pinellas County Two male Bactrocera dorsalis, Oriental fruit fly August 20, 2010 66-square-mile delimitation 343 ME and 82 McPhail traps in field Tending traps once a week 15 state and USDA personnel Bactrocera zonata, Miami-Dade County One male Bactrocera zonata, Peach fruit fly November 10, 2010 79-sq-mile delimitation 413 ME and 64 McPhail traps Traps checked once a week 15 state and USDA personnel Life cycle set to end April 12, 2011
  40. 40. Red Palm Weevil August 2010 - Laguna Beach, Orange County California, currently two sites within 200 meters All CA imported palms allowed to proceed to destination with follow-up inspection by DPI
  41. 41. European pepper moth First find – California 2004 Two positive samples from Orange County, October 2010 12 trapped locations in Florida found positive Larvae can feed on all plant parts and can infest species from 38 host-plant families (including several important food-crop and ornamental species) such as pepper, poinsettias, begonias, impatiens and corn Duponchelia fovealis CDFA survey in early July 2010 – pest present in more than 10 counties in southern and central California Surveys in other western states – present in AZ, CO, OK, TX First southeastern US find – outside a Georgia wholesale nursery, September 2010
  42. 42. Mikania micrantha To date - 28 locations in the Redlands, Miami-Dade County 20 locations associated with plant nursery operation, five locations on nursery stock Flowering began in early November and is expected to continue through December and then go to seed All nurseries found associated with M. micrantha inspected monthly Positive nurseries are placed under quarantine Difficult to distinguish between M. micrantha and the native M. scandens
  43. 43. Mikania micrantha Additional survey, mechanical removal and treatments planned in the upcoming months Dr. Brent Sellers, UF/IFAS – conducting research efficacy of different herbicides The Everglades Cooperative Invasive Species Management Area, with volunteers, are currently hand removing and applying herbicides on public and private property M. scandens M. micrantha
  44. 44. Texas Phoenix Palm Decline First detection in 2006 along central west coast of Florida affecting Phoenix species Detected on Sabal palmetto in 2008 in Hillsborough & Manatee counties 10 counties currently positive - Duval, Lake, Pinellas, Hillsborough, Polk, Manatee, Hardee, Highlands, Sarasota & DeSoto To date one active and one out of business nursery found positive to palms by sap-feeding insects, such as planthoppers Palms showing symptoms of more than 25 percent foliar discoloration or a dead spear leaf due to the disease should be removed immediately Texas Phoenix palm decline is a fatal, systemic disease that kills palms quickly The TPPD phytoplasma is spread naturally
  45. 45. Sweet Orange Scab in TX, LA, MS Florida continues to survey and monitor citrus 30-day inspections on all commercial citrus propagators 60-day inspections on all citrus trees offered for sell at the retail level BioMass New Commissioner will be a champion for Farm to Fuel – biomass/biofuels initiatives. Large areas are/will be planted with some novel crops in the near future.
  46. 46. Emerging Agricultural Pest Threats Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry Spodoptera littoralis ( Egyptian cotton worm)
  47. 47. Emerging Agricultural Pest Threats Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry Achatina fulica (giant African snail)
  48. 48. Emerging Agricultural Pest Threats Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry
  49. 49. Noxious & Invasive Weeds USDA Federal noxious weed list Permits for interstate movement Many included weeds not yet established -- Mikania micrantha DPI Goal – to control the introduction into and spread within Florida of noxious weeds Florida Noxious Weed List Florida Prohibited Aquatics List (formerly regulated by DEP) Permits for Noxious Weed Movement
  50. 50. Florida State Noxious Weed List DPI Permits Research (Photo: Tropical soda apple – Solanum viarum) Windbreaks (Photo: River she-oak – Casuarina cunninghamiana) Sewage Treatment (Photo: Water hyacinth– Eichhornia crassipes Biomass (Photo: Giant reed – Arundo donax) Weed Eradication & Control Cooperating with other government agencies and the private sector Within limits of statutory authority Depending on available resources
  51. 51. FLEPPC Category 1 Invasives Non-regulatory Publishes Wildland Weeds Maintains the FLEPPC Invasive Species List to focus on the adverse effects of pest plants on natural plant communities and the need to prevent habitat loss through land management Category 2 Invasives Japanese honeysuckle – Lonicera japonica Exotics that are already altering natural communities by displacing natives and altering community structure Exotics that have increased in abundance, but have not yet altered natural communities like those in Category I Many plants on the invasive species list become candidates for the noxious weed list.
  52. 52. THANK YOU. 888-397-1517 www.fl-dpi.com Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry

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