<ul><li>A really old idea </li></ul><ul><li>EU ’ s background </li></ul><ul><li>A failure, a success </li></ul><ul><li>7 dates, new treaties </li></ul><ul><li>And now? </li></ul>LP les Jacobins A short history of the EU
Europe, the place to be <ul><li>The european Continent was a place to live very early in the History. For a long time, people want to install themselves on this rich and fertile ground. </li></ul>Excavated dwellings at Skara Brae (Orkney, Scotland). Europe ’s most complete Neolithic village.
Europe, a really old idea <ul><li>A large part of the people who live on the european continent wanted to unify these parts to constitute a state : the Romans, the Carolingians with Charlemagne, the Germans with the Western Roman Empire or even Napoleon. </li></ul><ul><li>Earlier, the traumatism of the Second World War had for consequence a new deal in Europe. </li></ul>
EU ’s background <ul><li>Make war not only unthinkable but materially impossible (R. Schuman) </li></ul><ul><li>1951. Creation of the European Coal and Steel Community. </li></ul><ul><li>The treaty of Paris created a six nation international organization (France, Belgium, Luxemburg, West-Germany, Italy, the Netherlands) sharing Coal and Steel in order to share the basics of Economy. </li></ul>The ECSC’ flag
A failure, a success <ul><li>In the aim of creating a federal Europe, an other community was proposed : a European Defence Community (EDC). It was rejected by the French Parliament. </li></ul><ul><li>After this failure, the French leaders decided to create an economic community with a common market : in 1957, the treaty of Rome was signed. </li></ul>
1957 : 6 members <ul><li>In 1957, these six countries signed the treaties of Rome, which created the European Economic Community (EEC), establishing a customs union and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom) for cooperation in developing nuclear energy. </li></ul>
1981 : A part of our history joins us <ul><li>In 1985, the Shengen Agreement led the way toward the creation of open borders without passport control between most member states and some non-member states. </li></ul>No frontier now !
1986 : the European Western <ul><li>In 1986, the European flag began to be used by the Community and the Single European Act was signed. </li></ul>
The Single European Act <ul><li>It was the first major revision of the 1957 Treaty of Rome. The Act set the European Community an objective of establishing a Single Market by 31 december 1992, and codified European Political Cooperation, the forerunner of the European Union’s Common Foreign and Security Policy. </li></ul>
1993 : EU <ul><li>Upon its entry into force on 1 November 1993 during the Delors Commission, it created the European Union and led to the creation of the single European currency, the euro. </li></ul>
2002 : Money, money, money <ul><li>In 2002, euro notes and coins replaced national currencies in 12 of the member states. Since then, the eurozone has increased to encompass sixteen countries. </li></ul>
<ul><li>On 1st December 2009, the Lisbon Treaty entered into force and reformed many aspects of the EU. In particular it changed the legal structure of the European Union, merging the EU three pillars system into a single legal entity, and it created a permanent President of the European Council, the first of which is Herman von Rompuy, and a strengthened High Representative, Catherine Ashton. </li></ul>
And now? <ul><li>Today, the future is uncertain. Some people want to widen the EU, others want to stop the widening. </li></ul><ul><li>What shall we do? It ’s a very important question. The economic crisis of 2008 prove that we can’t afford our way of life. </li></ul><ul><li>Where does the european widening stop? </li></ul><ul><li>Does the Turkey joins the EU? </li></ul><ul><li>These questions will be answered later… </li></ul>